Sunday marks the 10th anniversary of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), passed by Congress in the summer of 2001 and signed by President George W. Bush on Jan. 8, 2002. It introduced a slew of changes to the federal role inĀ education policy, required statewide testing in grades 3 through 8, established the Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) system, outlined sanctions for schools labeled as failing under AYP and set a 2014 deadline for 100 percent of America’s students to be proficient in math and reading.