Last Reviewed by State Dept of Education: 11/1/2010
Contact us with corrections or additions Louisiana Last Updated: 9/29/2014
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Curriculum and Instruction
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Health Education
     Last Updated: 9/5/2013

Mandate: RS 17:154 (1998) requires elementary schools to teach health education, including alcohol, tobacco, drug, and substance abuse prevention and education. It also requires every secondary school to provide instruction in alcohol, tobacco, drug, and substance abuse prevention and education. 

LAC 28:CXV.2313.F (the Louisiana Handbook for School Administrators, 2008) requires 150 minutes of instruction per week in health, music, arts, and crafts for grades 1-6, and 250 minutes per week in grades 7-8. LAC 28: CXV.2318 requires that each student complete one half credit in health for public high school graduation. The Louisiana Handbook for Nonpublic School Administrators (2005), requires 2 units of health and physical education for non-public high school graduation. (2008)

RS 17:404 (1994) requires a minimum of 16 hours per year of substance abuse prevention education per year for grades K-9 and a minimum of 8 hours of substance abuse prevention education for students in grades 10-12. RS 17:275 (1980) states that all public junior and senior high schools shall provide instruction to all female students in the proper procedure for breast self-examination and the need for an annual Pap test for cervical cancer, although no student shall be required to take such instruction if his parent or tutor submits a written statement indicating that such instruction conflicts with religious beliefs of the student. RS 17:279 (1993) Requires all public high schools to provide instruction in parenthood education; instruction must include “family living and community relationships, the consequences of the lack of adequate prenatal care, home management, and the responsibilities of parenthood. RS 17:1702 (2006) Requires all city, parish and local school boards to disseminate information on meningococcal meningitis and vaccines to parents and guardians; DOE and DHH shall develop and make available information to each city, parish, and other local public school board that provides information relative to immunizations, which shall provide such information to each student's parent or legal guardian.

Curriculum Content: Bulletin 103 outlines Louisiana’s Health Education Content Standards (2011).
 
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Physical Education
     Last Updated: 9/5/2013

Mandate:  Bulletin 741 (2008) requires students in grades 1-8 to receive 150 minutes of physical education per week.  RS 17:17.1  (2005) requires each elementary and secondary school to provide improved physical activity and fitness in schools by encouraging innovative physical education programs. 

     Last Updated: 9/5/2013
Bulletin 741 requires 1.5 units of physical education for public high school graduation. In The Louisiana Handbook for Nonpublic School Administrators  (2005), requires 2 units of health and physical education for non-public high school graduation.
 
RS 17:276 (1980) requires each public secondary school to offer, as part of the physical education program, sexually segregated contact sports and sexually integrated noncontact sports with the options for students to choose either or both.

RS 17:1941 requires school districts to make available physical education services, specially designed if necessary, to every student with a disability receiving a Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE). It also requires schools to make available specially designed physical education (Adapted Physical Education) for students with disabilities as prescribed in the student’s Individual Education Program (IEP).
 
ExemptionsBulletin 741 allows an approved Junior Reserve Officer Training Corp program to be substituted for the 2 credits of health and physical education upon board approval. This code further allows students to be exempted from this requirement for medical reasons only, but the number of credits required for graduation remains at 23.
 
Curriculum Content: Bulletin 102 outlines state Physical Education Content Standards (2009). The standards document also serves as a suggested curriculum framework, although local schools are not required to adhere to it.
 
Physical Fitness Assessment: RS 17.17.5 (2009) provides for health-related fitness assessments to determine physical fitness levels of students in school. The bill expands a pilot program to provide for statewide implementation focused on school systems with high poverty levels.
Asthma Awareness Education
     Last Updated: 1/16/2006
Not specifically required.
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Emotional, Social, and Mental Health Education
     Last Updated: 9/2/2009

The Health Education Content Standards (Louisiana State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education ) (2002) require students to receive instruction in emotional, social, and mental health in grades K-12. Standard 1 specifically requires students to: explain how social and emotional personal environments affect personal health in grades K-4; describe relationships among physical, mental, emotional and social health in grades 5-8; and describe the interrelationships of mental, emotional, social, and physical health throughout the life span in grades 9-12. Standard 2 requires students in grades 9-12 to examine mental, social, and physical conditions requiring professional health services. Standard 3 requires instruction and application in stress management in grades K-4 and 9-12. Standard 5 requires students to learn healthy ways of communicating needs, wants, and feelings in grades K-12. Details of the Content Standards are provided in Bulletin 103 (2003).

Character Education: RS 17:282.2 (1998) states that any city or parish school system may offer character education curriculum that focuses on the development of character-traits such as honesty, fairness, respect for self and others in grades K-12.

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HIV, STD, and Pregnancy Prevention Education
     Last Updated: 11/22/2010

Mandate: In Bulletin 741 (2005), 1131 requires instruction in the prevention of communicable diseases, including, but not limited to HIV infection"; however, no grades or levels are specified. RS 17:279 (1993) requires all public high schools to provide instruction in parenthood education; instruction must include family living and community relationships, the consequences of the lack of adequate prenatal care, home management, and the responsibilities of parenthood."  RS 17:281 (1993) states instruction in sex education may be offered only in grades 7-12.

Curriculum Content: The state does not require schools to follow a specific curriculum framework for any of the above instruction, nor does it provide suggestions. Bulletin 741 (2005) Section 2305, Ancillary Areas of Instruction, provides that any public school in Louisiana may offer instruction in sex education and other provisions for such instruction. RS 17:281 (1993) outlines requirements for schools that choose to offer instruction in sex education for students in grades 7-12, stating that no contraceptive or abortifacient drug, device, or other similar product shall be distributed at any public school; no sex education course offered in the public schools of the state shall utilize any sexually explicit materials depicting male or female homosexual activity; and, emphasize that abstinence from sexual activity is a way to avoid unwanted pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, including acquired immune deficiency syndrome, and other associated health problems."

Parental Approval: RS 17:281 allows parents to request that a student be exempted from such instruction according to procedures developed by the local school district (an opt-out" policy).

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Nutrition Education
     Last Updated: 1/16/2007

The Louisiana State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education formally adopted Health Education Content Standards (2002) in August 2002 with Bulletin 103 suggests students in grades K-4 should know personal health habits that promote optimal health including good nutrition, students in grades 5-8 should be able to evaluate healthy and unhealthy lifestyles including nutrition and obesity according to Standard 1.

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Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drug Use Education
     Last Updated: 11/21/2011

Bulletin 741, Section 2305 Ancillary Areas of Instruction, provides for substance abuse prevention education in schools and curriculum 

Alcohol: RS 17:154 (1998) requires elementary schools to teach health education and secondary schools to provide instruction in alcohol prevention and education. RS 17:404 (1994) requires each school board to establish and maintain programs of substance abuse prevention, education, information, and counseling at each grade level incorporated into a comprehensive school health program.

Tobacco: RS 17:154 requires elementary schools to teach health education and secondary schools to provide instruction in tobacco prevention and education. RS 17:404 requires each school board to establish and maintain programs of substance abuse prevention, education, information, and counseling at each grade level incorporated into a comprehensive school health program.

Drugs: RS 17:154 requires elementary schools to teach health education and secondary schools to provide instruction in drug and substance abuse prevention and education. RS 17:404 requires each school board to establish and maintain programs of substance abuse prevention, education, information, and counseling at each grade level incorporated into a comprehensive school health program.

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Injury and Violence Prevention Education
     Last Updated: 11/21/2011

RS 17:286 (1994) allows any public elementary or secondary school to offer instruction in violence prevention with curriculum developed and approved by the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education. The Health Education Content Standards (2002) requires students to receive instruction in violence prevention in grades K-12. Details of the Content Standards are provided in Bulletin 103 (2002).

Bullying/Harassment: Upon approval of its governing authority, RS 17:416.17 (2001) authorizes elementary schools to develop and offer youth development and assistance programs for students in kindergarten and elementary grades. The statute further allows the programs to include the services of behavioral training and intervention techniques for conflict resolution skills, peer mediation, anger management, and bullying prevention.

Dating Violence: R.S. 17:81(T) (2010) requires the governing authority of each public school to provide to students in grades 7-12 enrolled in health education age and grade-appropriate classroom instruction relative to dating violence.

Fighting/Gangs: Standard 5 of the Health Education Content Standards (2002) requires students to receive instruction in non-violent conflict resolution. RS 17:13.1 (1992) requires the State Department of Education to develop and implement minimum guidelines for a program on prevention of crime and disruptive behavior in public schools, which includes coordination of school safety programs and any other existing programs that address gang membership and violence.

Suicide and Other Self-Abuse Prevention: Standard 1 of the Health Education Content Standards (2002) specifically requires students in grades 5-8 to analyze high risk behaviors to determine their impact on wellness, which includes suicidal tendencies. Standard 2 requires students in grades 9-12 to examine mental, social, and physical conditions requiring professional health services, including suicidal tendencies. Standard 5 requires students in grades K-12 to demonstrate positive, effective methods of care, consideration, and respect for oneself and others.

RS 17:282.4 (2001) requires the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education to prescribe rules and regulations necessary for a statewide youth suicide prevention plan in public elementary and secondary schools. Local public school systems offering a youth suicide prevention program in accordance with the rules and regulations of the State Board may include classroom instruction integrated into the curricula that aims to encourage sound decision making, increase student awareness of the relationship between drug and alcohol use and youth suicide, teach students to recognize signs of suicidal tendencies and other facts about youth suicide, inform students of available community youth suicide prevention services, and foster further cooperation between school personnel and community youth suicide prevention program personnel.

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Staff
Requirements for All Educators Regarding Health Education
     Last Updated: 11/22/2010

Professional Development: RS 17:13.1 (1992) requires the State Department of Education, with approval of the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education, to develop and implement guidelines for a program on prevention of crime and disruptive behavior in public schools that includes continued training of personnel within the department and within the local school system.

RS 17:437:1 (2008) requires the Louisiana Board of Elementary and Secondary Education (BESE) to adopt guidelines for at least two hours of annual in-service training for teachers, principals and school counselors on suicide prevention.

 

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Requirements for Health Educators
     Last Updated: 11/21/2011

Pre-service Requirement: The minimum requirement for prospective health teachers in elementary and middle grades prior to licensure is a bachelor's degree, with four semester hours in health and physical education. Secondary certification requires a completion of 30 hours of health and physical education courses. The specific details of initial licensure are outlined in the Louisiana Standards for State Certification of School Personnel Bulletin 746 (2011).

Professional Development: No state policy.

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Requirements for Physical Educators
     Last Updated: 9/5/2013

Pre-service Requirement: The minimum requirement for prospective health teachers in elementary and middle grades prior to licensure is a bachelor's degree, with four semester hours in health and physical education. Secondary certification requires a completion of 31 hours of health and physical education courses. The specific details of initial licensure are outlined in the Louisiana Standards for State Certification of School Personnel Bulletin 746 (2011).

Professional Development: No state policy.

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Requirements for School Nurses
     Last Updated: 11/21/2011

Pre-service Requirement: Certification requirements for school nurses may be found in the State Certification of School Personnel Bulletin 746 (2011). Requirements include 2 years experience as a registered nurse and a current Louisiana license.

Professional Development: Information relative to continuing education may be found in Bulletin 746.

Student-to-Nurse Ratio: RS 17:28 (1995) requires each school system to employ at least one school nurse for each 1500 students.

Requirements for Non-Certified Personnel to Administer Medication
     Last Updated: 11/22/2011

Pre-service Requirement: RS 17:436.1 (2001) allows a registered nurse and/or licensed medical physician to determine that the administration of medication can be safely performed by and delegated to someone who has received documented training and competence. According to LAC 28:929 (2001), at least 2 employees designated by the principal at each school must receive not less than 6 hours of training in the administration of medication.

Professional Development: No state policy.

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Requirements for School Counselors
     Last Updated: 11/21/2011

Pre-service Requirement: RS 17:3005 (1991) requires any elementary school guidance counselor employed by a city school board to be certified as required by the state. The minimum requirements for an endorsement as a school counselor requires a master's degree from a regionally accredited institution or a master's degree with the equivalent hours and courses required for a master's degree in school counseling. Graduate training must include a total of 24 semester hours of professional courses. For a professional endorsement, a candidate must have met the requirements for a counselor in the school setting and hold a current license as a Licensed Professional Counselor in Louisiana. Details of the endorsements are outlined in Bulletin 746 (2001). 

Professional Development: RS 17:282.4 (2001) requires the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education to prescribe rules and regulations necessary for a statewide youth suicide prevention plan in public elementary and secondary schools. These policies for programs to offer services may include training for school personnel and other responsible for counseling or supervising student activities.

Student-to-Counselor Ratio: RS 17:3005 (1991) requires each school board to provide elementary school guidance counselors for all students in grades K-6, with the ratio of 1 guidance counselor for every 400 students. Further, RS 17:403 (2004) requires a maximum of 4 schools to one counselor (addictive disorders professionals) for the purpose of counseling students who have been identified as having an alcohol, drug, or substance abuse problem.

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Requirements for School Psychologists
     Last Updated: 11/21/2011

Pre-service Requirement: For a provisional certificate in school psychology, a candidate must have completed academic preparation in school psychology according to the requirements of the current Standards for Training and Field Placement Programs in School Psychology and have completed an internship during the time of the certificate in accordance with Standards. Details of the requirements are outlined in Bulletin 746 (2011). RS 17:17.1 (2003) calls for the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education to prescribe the qualifications, provide for the certification, and supervision for school psychologists employed in any public agency.

Professional Development: RS 17:282.4 (2001) requires the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education to prescribe rules and regulations necessary for a statewide youth suicide prevention plan in public elementary and secondary schools. These policies for programs to offer services may include training for school personnel and other responsible for counseling or supervising student activities.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: No state policy.

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Requirements for School Social Workers
     Last Updated: 7/9/2008

Pre-service Requirement: For a provisional certificate in School Social Work, a candidate must hold a Professional Graduate Social Work Certificate and work under the supervision of a Licensed Clinical Social Worker for a minimum of 1 hour per week. The school social worker must hold a license as a Licensed Clinical Social Worker OR hold a certificate as a Graduate Social Worker, must be supervised for a minimum of 1 hour per week, and have work experience in one or more of the social work practice settings outlined in the bulletin or have graduate work experience in the setting outlined in the bulletin plus 2 years of work experience. Details of the requirements are outlined in Bulletin 746 (2001).

Professional Development: No state policy.

Student-to- Social Worker Ratio: RS 17:29 (2003) requires each local public school identified as failing to employ a full-time social worker.

Requirements for Food Service Personnel
     Last Updated: 7/14/2008

Pre-service Requirement:  None specified.

Professional Development: None specified.

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Requirements for Athletic Coaches
     Last Updated: 7/19/2008

Pre-service Requirement:  None specified.

Professional Development: None specified.

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Health Promoting Environment
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Wellness Policies
     Last Updated: 7/23/2008

Additional Accountability Requirements: None

Additional Content Requirements: None

Guidance Materials: The state Department of Education, in collaboration with the Dairy Council, created a comprehensive Model School Wellness Policy (2006). The Policy includes appendices that cover additional optional topics such as food as a reward, parties at school, and fundraisers. The Department also advocates using the School Health Index as a resource in accompanying cover letter.

Other: None

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School Meals Program
     Last Updated: 9/5/2013

Food Services: In Bulletin 741 (2005) allows any recognized school of public high school grade and under to participate in a school food service program offered by the local department of education. Part LXXIX (2005), 2303 applies the same to non-public schools. Participating schools must adhere to the requirements in Bulletin 1196 (2003). RS 17:192 (1991) states that all school children under the supervision and regulation of the state shall be given lunches that takes into consideration the nutritional needs of the children, the distance traveled from home to school, and the attendance of several schools. Each school system is to also required to participate in the national school breakfast program by providing free- or reduced-price breakfast to all eligible students in the school. RS 17:194 (1970) allows the state board of education to prescribe regulations, employ personnel, and take other necessary action to establish a school lunch program. 

Adequate Time to Eat: Bulletin 1196 Section 719 (2003) encourages all schools to provide a minimum of 30 minutes for lunch.

School Breakfast
RS 17:192 (1991) requires a school board to operate to School Breakfast program if at least 25 percent of the students enrolled in one or more schools in the system are eligible for free and reduced meals. Act 737 (2010) requires that, if a public school system has a policy of denying meals to children in elementary schools for nonpayment of meal fees, the school board must implement procedures including: a) providing notification to the child's parent or legal guardian as to the date and time after which meals may be denied, the reason for such denial, any action that may be taken by the parent or legal guardian to prevent further denial of meals, and the consequences of the failure to take appropriate actions to prevent such denial; and b) verify with appropriate school staff that the child does not have an Individual Education Plan that requires the child to receive meals provided by the
school. The school must provide a sandwich or a substantial and nutritious snack item to the child as a substitute for the denied meal. School boards must report annually to the state superintendent of education on the number of denied meals with information about all students whose meals were denied.
 
Food Allergies: No state policy.

Farm-to-School: No state policy.

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Competitive Foods in School
     Last Updated: 9/29/2014

RS 17:197.1 (2009) restricts the sale of beverages and foods that can be sold on school grounds that are not part of the school food program beginning one half-hour before school begins and ending one-half hour after the school day ends to the following: (1) beverages (except milk and water) may not exceed 16 ounces, (2) 100% fruit or vegetable juice with no added sweeteners, (3) unsweetened flavored drinking water or unflavored drinking water, and (4) low-fat milk, skim milk, flavored milk and non-dairy milk.  At the high school level, beginning the last ten minutes of the lunch period (except for beverages sold as part of the reimbursable lunch), beverages are limited to (1) bottled water, (2) no calorie or low-calorie beverages containing no more than 10 calories per 8 oz, (3) up to 12 oz of servings of beverages that contain 100% fruit juice with no added sweeteners and up to 120 calories per 8 oz.

RS 17:197.1 (2009) states that except for items sold as part of the school food program, food items which meet any of the following criteria may not be sold to students at public elementary and secondary schools or on the grounds of public elementary and secondary schools at any time during a period beginning half an hour before the start of the school day and ending half an hour after the end of the school day:

(a)  Food of minimal nutritional value
(b)  Snacks or desserts that exceed 150 calories per serving, have more than 35% of their calories from fat, or have more than thirty grams of sugar per serving, except for unsweetened or uncoated seeds or nuts.

At the high school level, beginning the last ten minutes of each lunch period and except for food items sold as part of the school food program, the selection of food items offered for sale to students must be comprised of no more than fifty percent of the food items which meet any of the criteria stated above.

Except for items sold as part of the school food program, fresh pastries may not be sold to students at public elementary and secondary schools or on the grounds of public elementary and secondary schools at any time during a period beginning one-half hour before the start of the school day and ending one-half hour after the end of the school day.

737 of Bulletin 1196 (2003) only allows extra items to be sold to those who have received a complete meal and must occur when the meal is received and must meet the regulations for Child Nutrition Programs. The code further prohibits a la carte meal service. Extra sale items must meet component requirements as defined by the Child Nutrition Programs or must be an item offered on the menu that day. Exceptions to this rule (foods that may be sold as extras) include: milkshakes, frozen yogurt, yogurt, ice cream, and ice milk. Full-strength juice, milk and bottled water (unflavored with no additives) may be sold at any time during the day to students and adults whether or not they have purchased a meal. 753 encourages School Food Authorities to develop a policy that prohibits adults and students from taking carbonated beverages into the cafeteria during meal service.

741  of Bulletin 1196 (2003) threatens to withhold reimbursement for lunch, special milk and/or breakfast from schools if concessions, canteens, snack bars, or vending machines are operated for profit before the end of the last lunch period for grades K-6. Similarly, reimbursements will be withheld if competitive foods are sold before the last 10 minutes of each lunch period for grades 7-12. This includes all lunch periods including those schools with multiple lunch periods. School districts are required to establish local rules or regulations necessary to control the sale of foods in competition with meals served under the National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs.

 

Fundraising Exemptions:

As of July 1, 2014, all fundraisers must meet USDA's Smart Snacks standards.

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Physical Activity Other Than Physical Education
     Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: RS 17:17.1 (2009) requires each public K-8 elementary school to provide a minimum of 30 minutes each school day of quality moderate to rigorous physical activity for students. For those students under IEPs, suitable adapted physical activity is required and for those students not enrolled in a physical education course at a secondary school, they are encouraged to participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity, commensurate with the ability of the student, for at least 30 minutes per day. The statute additionally requires the school board to report to the State Board on their compliance of this policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy requiring or recommending recess.

Recess Before Lunch:
No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.

 

Organized Sports
     Last Updated: 8/21/2011
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Interscholastic Athletics: No state policy.

Concussion and Sports-Related Head Injury: SB189 (2011) requires the governing authority of each public and nonpublic school to provide information to all coaches, officials, volunteers, youth athletes and their parents/guardians about the nature and risk of concussion and head injury, including continuing to play after a concussion or head injury. Each coach (whether employed or volunteer) must complete an annual concussion recognition education course. Requirements for the course are outlined in the statute. Each youth athlete and their parents or guardian must sign an information sheet outlining the requirements which must be satisfied before an athlete who has suffered a concussion or head injury may return to play. The statute requires a coach to immediately remove any youth athlete from a game, competition or practice if: (1) the youth athlete reports any defined sign or symptom of a concussion, (2) the coach, athletic trainer or official determines that the youth athlete exhibits any defined sign or symptom of a concussion or suspects a concussion, (3) the coach or official is notified that the youth athlete has reported or exhibited a sign or symptom of a concussion by a medical health care provider or other licensed individual (as defined in the statute). Once an athlete is removed from play, the coach must notify the athlete’s parent or guardian and the student may not return to play or participate in supervised team activities (games, competition or practices), until they are evaluated and given written clearance to return to play. In addition, it requires the Department of Health to make information about the nature and risk of concussion and head injury to all public and private middle and high schools, private clubs, public recreation facilities and each athletic league which sponsors youth athletic activities.

Automated External Defibrillator (AED): No state policy.

Safe and Drug-Free Schools
     Last Updated: 11/22/2010

RS 17:13.1 (1992) requires the state department of education to develop and implement minimum guidelines for a prevention of crime and disruptive behavior program. Each school is required to submit to the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education a program that has been developed in accordance with the guidelines. RS 17:252 (2003) further requires each school district to develop and submit a master plan for supporting student behavior and discipline that may include safe school planning, zero tolerance policies, improving classroom management with positive behavioral supports and other effective disciplinary tools.

Upon approval of its governing authority, RS 17:416.17 (2001) authorizes elementary schools to develop and offer youth development and assistance programs that use violence prevention and intervention initiatives for students in kindergarten and elementary grades in order to create a safe school environment in which teachers can teach and students can learn. The statute recommends that these programs include behavioral training and intervention techniques that promote conflict resolution skills, peer mediation, anger management, and bullying prevention.

RS 17:416.14 Requires each local public school board to require each school to have a special program to inform students of the consequences of violent acts committed on school property, at a school-sponsored function, or in a firearm-free zone.  RS 17:223 (1988) and 17:416 (2003) allow every teacher to hold pupils strictly accountable for any disorderly conduct in school, on the playground of the school, on any school bus going to or returning from school, or during recess. RS 17:224 (1992) further allows any student who exhibits disruptive behavior, an incorrigible attitude, or other discipline problems in general," to be recommended for expulsion by the principal.

Fighting/Gangs: RS 17:416.15 (2001) allows any local public school to adopt and implement zero tolerance policies for fighting in the schools under its jurisdiction. RS 17:416 allows a principal to suspend a pupil from school or from riding on a school bus for instigating or participating in fights while under school supervision. RS 17:416.15  allows any local public school to implement a zero tolerance policy for fighting in schools.

Weapons: RS 14:95.2 (1999) determines that it is unlawful for a student or non-student to carry or possess a firearm or dangerous weapon on school property, at school-sponsored events, or in a firearm-free zone. RS 17:416 calls for a principal to immediately suspend a pupil from school or from riding on a school bus for carrying firearms, knives, or other implements that can be used as weapons.

Drugs and Alcohol: RS 40:981.3 (2004) states that violation of the Uniform Controlled Dangerous Substances Law (RS 966-70) in a drug-free zone" is punishable by the maximum fine and up to 1.5 times the maximum imprisonment allowed by the act. RS 17:405 (2003) defines a drug free zone" as an area inclusive of any property used for school purposes by any school an area within one thousand feet of any property used for school purposes by any school a school bus".

Collaboration with Law Enforcement: RS 17:416.17 authorizes elementary schools to collaborate with juvenile justice agencies upon approval of its governing authority. RS 17:251 (2003), the Education/Juvenile Justice Partnership Act, further recognizes that greater communication, coordination, and collaboration between local public school systems and juvenile justice agencies needs to exist in order to effectively address issues of student behavior and discipline. Lastly, RS 17:252 requires each school district to develop and submit a master plan for supporting student behavior and discipline that may include coordination between special education and juvenile justice services.

RS 17:416.16 (2001) requires each school principal to prepare a school crisis response management and response plan with input from local law enforcement and fire, public safety, emergency preparedness officials.

Bullying, Harassment and Hazing
     Last Updated: 3/30/2012

Bullying/Harassment: RS 17:416.13 (2001) requires each local public school board to adopt and include into the student code of conduct a policy prohibiting the harassment, intimidation, and bullying of a student by another student.

Cyberbullying: HB1259 (2010) defines cyberbullying as the transmission of any electronic textual, visual, written, or oral communication with the malicious and willful intent to coerce, abuse, torment, or intimidate a person under the age of eighteen. “Electronic textual, visual, written, or oral communication" is defined as any communication of any kind made through the use of a computer online service, internet service, or any other means of electronic communication, including but not limited to a local bulletin board service, Internet chat room, electronic mail, or online messaging service. Although not specific to the school setting, the statute criminalizes cyberbullying, stating that whoever commits cyberbullying shall be fined not more than five hundred dollars, imprisoned for not more than six months, or both. If the offender is under the age of seventeen, the matter shall be governed exclusively by the provisions of Title VII of the Children's Code.

Hazing: RS 17:183 (2004) prohibits hazing in public elementary and secondary schools. Each local public school board is required to develop, adopt, and post a policy to enforce the prohibition against hazing and to prevent occurrences. Minimum requirements of a policy are outlined in the statute.

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Crisis Management/Emergency Response
     Last Updated: 7/31/2008

Response and Management Plans: RS 17:416.16 (2001) requires each school principal to prepare a school crisis response management and response plan in accordance with school board policy. The plan shall be devised with input from students enrolled in the school, and their parents, teachers at the school, other school employees, community leaders, local law enforcement, and fire, public safety, and emergency preparedness officials. Each school is to submit a plan in writing to the school board for approval. The plan must be reviewed annually and revised as necessary.

Reporting Incidents of Violence: RS 14:95.2 (1999) determines that if a student is detained by the principal or other school official for carrying or possessing a firearm or dangerous weapon on school property or the school principal or other school official confiscates or seizes a firearm or concealed weapon from a student while on school property, at school function, or on a school bus, the principal or other school official in charge at the time shall immediately report the detention or seizure to the police department or sheriff's department where the school is located and shall deliver any firearm or weapon seized to that agency.

RS 17:416 (2003) requires each school board to adopt procedures allowing teachers or other school employees to report incidents of discipline violations to the principal. RS 17:252 (2003) also requires each school district to develop and submit a master plan for supporting student behavior and discipline that may include providing for better and more useful reporting of school behavioral and disciplinary problems annually.

RS 17:416.13 deems any school employee, or school volunteer, who in good faith reports an incident of harassment, intimidation, or bullying to the appropriate school officials in accordance with local board policy immune from liability for damages arising from failure to remedy the reported incident.

Tobacco Use
     Last Updated: 12/8/2008

RS 17:240 (1994) prohibits the use of tobacco in any elementary or secondary school building and on any school bus transporting children attending a public school. The statute also prohibits the smoking or carrying of tobacco products, except in designated smoking areas.  R.S. 40:1300.256 (2006) prohibits smoking in any school.

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Air Quality
     Last Updated: 1/16/2006

No state policy.

Pesticide Use
     Last Updated: 1/16/2007

RS 3:3384 (1993) restricts the use of pesticides to a school building or on school grounds to hours only in which students will not be present for academics or extracurricular activities for at least 8 hours after the application. RS 3:3386 (1995) permits only individuals certified as a commercial applicator and trained in integrated pest management to apply or supervise the application of pesticides. An annual integrated pest management plan must be prepared by the governing authority of each school that applies integrated pest management strategies of pest prevention methods, according to RS 3:3388 (1995) and recommends the least toxic method in, on, or around school buildings and grounds per RS 3:3385 (1993).

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Playground/Facility Safety
     Last Updated: 1/16/2006

RS 17:223 (1988) allows every teacher to hold pupils strictly accountable for any disorderly conduct in school, on the playground of the school, on any school bus going to or returning from school, or during recess.

Shared Use Agreements
     Last Updated: 6/20/2013

Code17:3361 (2006) authorizes colleges and universities to lease their grounds to benevolent organizations, nonprofit corporations, or public bodies. Code 33:1324 (2009) allows any parish, municipality, or political subdivision of the state, to make agreements to engage jointly in the construction, acquisition, or improvement of any public project or improvement. Such arrangements may provide for the joint use of funds, facilities, personnel, and/or property, which may include recreational and educational facilities, such as playgrounds, recreation centers, parks, and libraries. Senate Current Resolution 14 (2011, enacted)encourages city, parish and local public school boards to enter into joint-use agreements for school facilities to promote health benefits. Act 351 (2011) provides a limitation of liability for the governing body of an elementary, secondary, or charter school entering into joint-use agreements.

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Student Services
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Screening for Health Conditions
     Last Updated: 8/5/2008

Vision and Hearing: 17:391.11 (1989) requires every child entering kindergarten for the first time to be given a nationally recognized readiness screening that measures a student's proficiency in vision and hearing. RS 17:2112 (2003) also requires every local school board to test the sight, including color screening in 1st grade, and hearing during the first semester of the school year or within 30 days of admission into school.

Chronic Health Conditions: No state policy.

Body Mass Index (BMI) Screening: No state policy.

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Administration of Medications
     Last Updated: 9/5/2013

Staff Administration: RS 17:28 (1995) requires each school system to employ at least one school nurse certified by the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education, but shall not exceed a statewide average of one certified school nurse for each one thousand five hundred students, who shall be responsible for performing health care services in compliance with the rules and regulations as established by the Louisiana State Board of Nursing.

Parents/guardians, students, school staff, and health professionals are required to follow specific mandates in Chapter 11 of Bulletin 741 (2005), the state policy on medication, to ensure the health, safety, and welfare of the students. RS 17:436.1 (2001) requires all medication administered to students in the public school setting to have a physician, dentist, or other authorized prescriber's order and a request and authorization from the parent/guardian of the student. Specific mandates in this exception to the Louisiana Nurse Practice Act provide for a school employed physician or registered nurse under certain conditions to train and supervise unlicensed personnel in the administration of specific medications to specific students. Further details are provided in Rule The Administration of Medication in Louisiana Public Schools (1994).

RS 17:436.1 (2001) requires that the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education and the Louisiana State Board of Nursing formulate and adopt a joint policy on the administration of medications for local school systems that requires unlicensed personnel to perform those functions and allows a registered nurse and/or licensed medical physician to determine that the administration of medication can be safely performed by and delegated to someone who has received documented training and competence. The Louisiana Administration of Medication in Louisiana Public Schools Policy (LAC 28:929) (2001) requires at least 2 employees designated by the principal at each school to receive not less than 6 hours of training including: proper procedures for administration of medications including controlled substances; storage and disposal of medications; appropriate and correct record keeping; appropriate actions when unusual circumstances or medication reactions occur; and appropriate use of resources. Only oral, inhalant, topical ointment for diaper rash, and emergency medications may be administered at school by unlicensed personnel.

Self-Administration of Asthma Medication: RS 17:436:1 (2009) allows a student who has received prior instruction in self-administration and has a written treatment plan from a physician to carry and store with the school nurse an inhaler at all times.

Self-Administration of Anaphylaxis Medication
RS 17:436:1 (2009) allows a student who has received prior instruction in self-administration and has a written treatment plan from a physician to carry and store with the school nurse auto-injectable epinephrine.

Psychotropic Medications: RS 17:436 (1991)  prohibits teachers from making recommendations for students to be administered psychotropic drugs; specifying or identifying any specific mental health diagnosis for a student; and using a parent or guardians refusal to consent to administration of a psychotropic drug or evaluation, screening or examination as grounds for prohibiting the student from attending class or participating in any school related activities. 

Storage and Record-keeping: 1129 of Bulletin 741 (2005), requires all medications to be stored in a secured locked area or drawer with limited access only by authorized personnel.

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Counseling and Mental Health Services
     Last Updated: 8/13/2008

Requirement to Provide Services: Upon approval of its governing authority, RS 17:416.17 (2001) authorizes elementary schools to develop and offer youth development and assistance programs for students in kindergarten and elementary grades, which include the provision of behavioral training and intervention services that enhance conflict resolution, peer mediation, life skills training, and counseling skills.

RS 17:252 (2003) requires each school district to develop and submit a master plan for supporting student behavior and discipline that may include providing improved mental health services.

Identification of Students with Mental or Emotional Disorders: RS 17:392.1 (1999) requires every child in public school to be screened for the existence of impediments to a successful school experience at least once in grades K-3. No child shall be screened if his/her parent or tutor objects to such screening. The impediments include attention deficit disorder and social and environmental factors that put a child at-risk." Additionally, upon approval of its governing authority, RS 17:416.17 authorizes elementary schools to develop and offer youth development and assistance programs for students in kindergarten and elementary grades, which shall include early identification of and support for students who are at-risk before their behavior escalates into aggression or disruption, discipline problems, or juvenile delinquency.

Substance Abuse: RS 17:404 (1994) requires any student enrolled in a public or private elementary or secondary school that is identified as having a substance abuse problem to participate in a drug counseling program. RS 40:1098.7 (1994) allows a school to solicit and use any available state, federal, or private resources, which may include but shall not be limited to funds, in-kind resources, or volunteer services, for the purpose of providing preventive counseling services or treatment for alcohol or drug abuse.

Suicide Prevention: RS 17:282.4 (2001) requires the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education to prescribe rules and regulations necessary for a statewide youth suicide prevention plan in public elementary and secondary schools. These policies for programs to offer services may include individual, family, group counseling services related to youth suicide prevention; referral, crisis intervention, and information for students, parents, and school personnel; and training for school personnel and other responsible for counseling or supervising student activities.

HIV, STD, and Pregnancy Testing and Counseling: Louisiana does not require schools or districts to provide voluntary HIV, STD, or pregnancy testing to students.

RS 40:31.3 (1991) prohibits school health centers from counseling or advocating abortion in any way or referring students to an organization for counseling or advocating abortion. The statute further prohibits the distribution of contraceptive or abortifacient drug, device, or similar products in school health centers.
 

Immunity of Liability: RS 17:439 (1999) does not allow any action to be brought against a school employee provided that the employee's actions or statements were within the scope of his/her duties as defined by the school board. A school employee includes school-based administrators, classroom teachers, and counselors.

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Immunization
     Last Updated: 5/18/2011

Detailed, current information about immunization requirements by state is maintained by the National Network for Immunization Information.  Select your state from the drop down box under Search for State Vaccine Requirements for School Entry."

ExemptionsR.S. 17:170 (1991) allows exemption from immunization requirements under the following circumstances: (1) The student or his parent or guardian submits a written statement from a physician stating that the vaccinations are contraindicated for medical reasons, or (2) The student or his parent or guardian presents a written dissent (philosophical or religious objections).  In the event of an outbreak of a vaccine-preventable disease at an educational institution, the administrators of that institution or facility are empowered, upon the recommendation of the office of public health, to exclude from attendance un-immunized students and clients until the appropriate disease incubation period has expired or the un-immunized person presents evidence of immunization.

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Accommodation
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Staff with HIV
     Last Updated: 1/16/2007

Chapter 11 of Bulletin 741 (2005), outlines procedures for dealing with a student or staff member known to have a communicable disease that cannot be spread by casual contact, such as HIV or Hepatitis B. In Louisiana, a review panel must be established, and meet within 24 to 48 hours to determine whether or not the infected student or staff member should remain in a school setting. A doctor or health administrator must determine if during the period of the review, the staff member can remain in the school setting without posing a serious threat. Among other issues addressed in the policy are the routine procedures for handling blood and body fluids, staff inservice, and confidentiality.

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Students with HIV
     Last Updated: 1/16/2007

Chapter 11 of Bulletin 741 (2005), outlines procedures for dealing with a student or staff member known to have a communicable disease that cannot be spread by casual contact, such as HIV or Hepatitis B. In Louisiana, a review panel must be established, and meet within 24 to 48 hours to determine whether or not the infected student or staff member should remain in a school setting. The student’s doctor or health administrator must determine if during the period of the review, the student can remain in the school setting without posing a serious threat. The administrative code also directs local education agencies to provide alternative programs for those students who cannot attend school.

Pregnant or Parenting Students
     Last Updated: 1/16/2006

No state policy.

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Individual Health Plan for Students
     Last Updated: 11/21/2011

RS 17:28, (1995), 17:435 (1990), 17:436 (1997), and 17:436.1 (2001) require all health procedures performed in the school setting to be performed in compliance with the rules and regulations established by the Louisiana State Board of Nursing for nurses in all settings and the Rules and Regulations of Nursing, of the Professional and Occupational Standards for nurses, call for individual health plans for all patients.

R.S. 17:1941 Bulletin 1706 requires the consideration of health needs of students with disabilities to be met during the school day based on a health assessment.

Title 28 Part CI Bulletin 1508 requires a health assessment and provision of appropriate health services by a school nurse or other qualified personnel for students with disabilities when there is evidence of the need for health technology, treatment and/or management.

 

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Coordination/ Implementation
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Coordinating or Advisory Councils
     Last Updated: 6/20/2012

State-level: RS 17:17.6 (2012) requires the State Department of Education to establish and administer a targeted coordinated school health program. The program must include all of the components of the coordinated school health program model, establish program standards and guidelines, and develop and maintain a system to monitor and evaluate progress. The Department of Education must administer a grant program to assist with implementation of the coordinated school health program. Requirements for the grant program are outlined in the statute.

RS 46:2611 (2001) creates the Louisiana Council on Obesity Prevention and Management with funds appropriated by the Legislature to advise and assist the secretary of the secretary of the Department of Health and Hospitals. The Louisiana State Legislature passed House Concurrent Resolution 42 (2003) to establish a multidisciplinary council to provide advice to the State Department of Education on specific health-related matters. The state does not require schools or districts to establish school health coordinating or advisory councils.

RS 40:2451 (2003) establishes the Governor's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports which is comprised of 15 members representing physicians, pediatricians, coaches, physical therapists, athletic trainers, athletics, educators, and others.

Local-level: No state policy.

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School Health Program Coordinators
     Last Updated: 8/18/2008

State-level: No state policy.

Local-level: No state policy.

Confidentiality
     Last Updated: 11/22/2011

Student Health-Related Records: Bulletin 741 (2005) specifies that any medical information that pertains to students or staff members shall be confidential information.

Student Health-Related Services: Bulletin 741 (2005), states that any medical information that pertains to students or staff members, proceedings, discussions, and documents shall be confidential information. Similarly, Administrative Code 28:929 (2001) requires all student information to be kept confidential.

Limitations on Student Surveys
     Last Updated: 1/16/2006

RS 17:281 (1993) does not allow students to e tested, quizzed, or surveyed about their personal or family beliefs or practices in sex, morality, or religion.

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