One of the most frequent questions from users is, "Which states have exemplary policies on a given topic?" To provide some guidance, the NASBE Center for Safe and Healthy Schools has highlighted selected policies that other states might want to consider using as models. "Staff Picks" offer policy concepts, strategies, and phrases that policy developers might consider adapting, but always keep in mind that each state's education governance structure, needs, circumstances, and policy traditions are different. Some states have few state-level policies; others have many. Some policies are general; others are very detailed. Effective policymaking is not accomplished through a "one type fits all" approach. Every policy needs to be custom tailored to fit its unique context.
Last Updated: 2/16/2009
Last Updated: 1/11/2010
Mandate: Delaware State Board of Education Administrative Code 14:851 (2009) requires schools to provide instruction to students in grades K-12 in health education and to follow the Delaware Health Education Standards (2008). Students in grades K-4 must receive a minimum of 30 hours of comprehensive health education and family life education" in each grade. The health education requirement increases to 35 hours in grade 5 and grade 6, and a total 60 hours within grades 7 and 8. Administrative Code 14:505 (2004) requires high school students to complete 1/2 credit in health education coursework in order to graduate.
District of Columbia
Last Updated: 4/22/2013
Mandate: Rule 5-E2304 (1994) requires all schools to provide health instruction within a planned, sequential, pre-K-12 comprehensive school health education curriculum that includes the physical, mental, emotional, and social dimensions of health and well-being. The Rule defines comprehensive school health education and specifies eleven required content areas (specified under Curriculum content).
Last Updated: 12/26/2011
Mandate: N.J.S.A. 18A:35-7 (1967) requires every pupil, except those in kindergarten, attending public schools to take courses in health education. N.J.S.A. 18A:35-8 (1967) require that all students in grades one through twelve participate in 150 minutes of instruction in health, safety, and physical education in each school week. State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:8-5.1 (2002) clarifies this to mean that high school students must earn at least 3.75 credits in health, safety, and physical education during each year of enrollment (a total of 110 credits are required to graduate).
Last Updated: 9/16/2009
Mandate: Statute §115C-81 (2003) requires
State Assessment Requirement: None specified.
Last Updated: 6/3/2012
Mandate: The Comprehensive Health Education Act Code of Laws 59-32-30 (2002) requires students in grades Kindergarten through 8 to receive instruction in health each year, and for students in grades 9 through 12 to receive instruction at least once. Time requirements are 75 minutes weekly for elementary school, and 250 minutes per week for nine weeks for middle school. For grades 9-12, at least at least one time during the four years each student must receive instruction in comprehensive health education, including at least 750 minutes of reproductive health education and pregnancy prevention education. State Board of Education Regulation R 43-238 (1992) provides various options for the delivery of instruction in grades 9-12, although students are not explicitly required to take health in order to graduate.
Last Updated: 11/6/2012
Mandate: Education Code §28.002 (2001) requires instruction in health education as part of the “enrichment curriculum” for Kindergarten through grade 12, subject to additional rules by the Texas State Board of Education. State Board of Education Administrative Code §74.1 (1998) specifies that each “district must ensure that sufficient time is provided for teachers to teach and for students to learn… health [and] physical education” in grades K-8, but at the high school level school districts only need to offer a health course and maintain evidence that students have the opportunity to take the course. Per State Board of Education Administrative Code §74.41 (2010), high school students must earn at least ½ credits in health education or health science in order to graduate.
Last Updated: 6/16/2011
Mandate: Statute 1003.455 (2007) requires each school district board to provide 150 minutes of physical education each week for students in grades K-5. This was expanded in 2008 to include the requirement for students in grade 6 who are enrolled in a school that contains one or more elementary grades. It requires instruction to be at least 30 consecutive minutes on any day physical education instruction is given. Beginning with the 2009-10 school year, students in grades 6-8 are required to complete the equivalent of one class period per day of physical education for one semester of each school year.
Last Updated: 12/26/2012
Mandate: 105 ILCS 5/27-5 (1996) mandates all school boards to provide for instruction and training in physical education of students in their schools. 105 ILCS 5/27-6 (1996) also states that students enrolled in public schools must engage in a course of physical education daily during the school day. A school board may, however, authorize an exemption for students in grades 11 and 12 for reasons specified in the Statute. Public 105 ILCS 5/27-7 (2005) requires the physical education course of study to include the development of movement skills, enhancing health-related fitness, increasing student knowledge, encouraging healthy habits and attitudes, and offering opportunities to learn how to work in cooperative group settings. The course of study must also provide students with an appropriate amount of daily physical activity as part of the regular curriculum.
Last Updated: 9/9/2009
Mandate: Code 37-13-134 (2007) requires the following for physical education: 150 minutes weekly of activity based instruction as defined by the State Board of Education instruction for K-8 and half of a Carnegie unit of physical activity or physical education for graduation (grades 9-12). State Board of Education Policy 4012 (2008) defines physical education, physical activity and activity based instruction further stipulates that of the required 150 minutes of activity based instruction, the total number of minutes of physical education may not be under 50 minutes per week for grades K-8.
Last Updated: 9/2/2008
Mandate: Statute 70-11-103.9 (2005) requires that all public elementary schools, grades K-5, provide instruction in physical education or exercise program for a minimum of an average of 60 minutes per week. SB 1186 (2008) requires an additional 60 minutes each week of physical activity, which may include, but is not limited to, physical education, exercise programs, fitness breaks, recess, classroom activities and wellness and nutrition education. Each school district board of education shall determine the specific activities and means of compliance with the provisions of the law.
Last Updated: 5/12/2008
Last Updated: 9/24/2009
Mandate: Education Code 28.002 (2007) requires students in grades K-5 to participate in moderate or vigorous daily physical activity for at least 30 minutes throughout the school year. This may be accomplished through the physical education curriculum or daily recess. Students in grades 6-8 are required to participate in moderate or vigorous daily physical activity (as a part of the physical education curriculum) for at least 30 minutes for at least four semesters. If this is impractical due to scheduling or other factors, the district may require a student to participate in moderate or vigorous physical activity for 135 minutes per week or 225 minutes per two weeks on a block schedule.
Last Updated: 10/24/2011
Additional Accountability Requirements: Act 1220 of 2003 (codified as Codes 6-7-117 through 6-7-119) pre-dates Section 204 and is generally stronger than the federal requirements. In addition to policy content requirements described later in this document, Act 1220 includes the following accountability requirements for each school district: establish a Nutrition and Physical Activity Committee to advise the school board; administer CDC's School Health Index: A Self-Assessment and Planning Guide; measure, on an annual basis, each student's body-mass index (BMI) and send parents/guardians a Confidential Child Health Report that contains results and guidance; develop a district Wellness Priority Plan that includes goal statements, benchmarks, interventions, and planned actions based on data collected from the School Health Index and BMI assessments; and incorporate goals and objectives for nutrition and physical activity into the annual Consolidated School Improvement Plans submitted to the state.
Additional Content Requirements: Act 1220 prohibits vending machines in elementary schools and requires school districts to implement the Nutrition and Physical Activity Standards (2005) adopted by the State Board of Education. Among this document's many detailed provisions are minimum specifications for foods sold and served at school; a requirement for 30 minutes of physical activity every school day; 60 minutes per week of scheduled physical education in grades K-6; and a minimum student/teacher ratio of 30:1 in physical education classes.
Guidance Materials: The Department of Education provides the ACSIP Wellness Priority Protocol (2006), a guidance document that explains how to incorporate wellness topics into the Arkansas Comprehensive School Improvement Plan (ACSIP) that each school district is required to submit to the state. The guidance places an emphasis on data collection and setting priorities based on student health data. At the same website is a policy checklist that categorizes the Arkansas Nutrition and Physical Activity Rules for Public Schools into each component required by Section 204.
Last Updated: 1/30/2013
Additional Accountability Requirements: Statute 16-2-9(a)(25) (2005), Statute 16-21-28 (2005) and Statute 16-7.1-2(h) (2005) require the school committee of each district to establish a district-wide coordinated school health and wellness subcommittee, chaired by a member of the full school committee, to implement policies and plans to meet Section 204 requirements. In addition, the law requires that all [district] strategic plans include strategies to decrease obesity and improve the health and wellness of students and employees through nutrition, physical activity, health education, and physical education.
Last Updated: 9/29/2010
Additional Accountability Requirements: Code 59-10-330 (2005) requires each school district to establish and maintain a Coordinated School Health Advisory Council (CSHAC). The CSHAC is required to assess, plan, implement, and monitor district and school health policies and programs, including the development of a district wellness policy. Also, districts must collaborate with the CSHAC to develop a school health improvement plan that addresses strategies for improving student nutrition, health, and physical activity. This plan must in turn be included in the five-year strategic improvement plan required of every district.
Additional Content Requirements: None
Guidance Materials: The Department of Education Recommendations for Improving Student Nutrition and Physical Activity, Report of the SDE Task Force on Student Nutrition and Physical Activity provides recommendations for policy and information that address Section 204 requirements (though the report was created just prior to the passage of Section 204).
Last Updated: 2/9/2010
Food Services: The Healthy Snack Standards for Foods and Beverages at School (2005) approved by the Alabama State Board of Education prohibits the sale of foods of minimal nutritional value (FMNV) as determined by the USDA at all schools during meal times, anywhere on campus. In addition, no one on the school campus may provide access to FMNV for sale or for free, with the exception of birthday cakes and/or cupcakes which may be allowed on an infrequent basis. Schools are prohibited from selling or providing free of charge any food or meal that is in competition with the scheduled school meal. They are also required to restrict student access to concessions, extra sales, vending and fundraisers during the meal periods.
Healthy Snack Standards for Foods and Beverages at School (2005) outlines maximum portion size restrictions for all foods or beverages served or made available to students on school campuses, with the exception of school meals, which are governed by the USDA. Fried potato products (fries, tater tots, etc.) should be limited to a 3 ounce portion size. The following guidelines are required for nutrient content for single servings of snacks: (1) Low or moderate in fat (10% or less Daily Value of total fat), (2) Less than 30 grams of carbohydrate, (3) Less than 360 mg of sodium, (4) Contain 5% Daily value or more of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, iron, calcium, OR fiber.
A resolution (2007) adopted by the Alabama State Board of Education restricts the sale of beverages during the school day, with full compliance expected by the 2008-2009 school year. Under the resolution, no full-calorie sodas may be sold at any school. The restrictions are as follows:
Elementary and Middle schools:
Adequate Time to Eat: Healthy Snack Standards for Foods and Beverages at School (2005)
Last Updated: 3/22/2013
Food Services: Code 20-7-133 (2003) requires the creation of a Child Health Advisory Committee, whose primary responsibility, according to Code 20-7-134 (2003), is to develop nutrition and physical activity standards and policy recommendations for the State Board of Education, which is then charged with implementation. The State Board of Education's Rules Governing Nutrition and Physical Activity Standards in Arkansas Public Schools (2012) requires implementation of Arkansas Health Advisory Committee Nutrition Standards for all foods and beverages served, sold and made available to students at elementary, middle and high school campuses. The following requirements for reimbursable meals in all grade levels and a la carte items in middle and high schools apply:
The State Board of Education's Rules Governing Nutrition and Physical Activity Standards in Arkansas Public Schools (2012) have the following restrictions for food and beverages:
Middle/Junior and High Schools
Exceptions to the restrictions are outlined in the Rules Governing Nutrition and Physical Activity Standards in Arkansas Public Schools.
Last Updated: 2/9/2010
Food Services: Education Code 49431 (2005) stipulates that the only food that may be sold to a pupil during the school day at elementary school are full meals and individually sold portions of nuts, nut butters,
Last Updated: 11/24/2010
Farm-to-School: Code 190A.1-190A.4 (2007) establishes a farm to school program to encourage and promote the purchase of locally and regionally produced or processed food. The program seeks to link elementary and secondary public and nonpublic schools with farms to provide schools with fresh and minimally processed food for inclusion in school meals and snacks, to encourage children to develop healthy eating habits, and provide farmers access to consumer markets. The program may include activities that provide students with hands-on learning opportunities, such as farm visits, cooking demonstrations, and school gardening and composting programs. The statute also establishes a council charged with establishing partnerships between public agencies, nonprofit organizations and schools and with seeking out financial or in-kind contributions to the program.
Last Updated: 6/23/2008
Farm-to-School: SB 158 (2008) establishes a farm-to-school program in the Department of Agriculture. The program is established to do the following: (1) Promote the sale of farm products grown in state to Maryland schools, (2) Solicit farmers to sell their products to schools, (3) Develop and update a database of interested farmers and their products, (4) Facilitate purchases from farmers by interested schools, (5) Provide outreach and guidance to farmers, and (5) Organize a one week promotional event known as "Maryland Homegrown School Lunch Week."
Last Updated: 2/14/2010
Food Services: The State Board of Education adopted the Statewide School Wellness Policy. Each local district was required to develop and implement their policy by
Each local educational agency may establish a policy that allows exemptions for food that exceed the established nutrition parameters in observance of state or national holidays, established religious observances, school community observances such as birthday parties, as part of a learning experience related to the reinforcement of established lesson plans in the classroom.
Last Updated: 12/26/2011
Food Services: N.J.S.A. 18A: 33-16 (2007) prohibits the following items from being served, sold or given away anywhere on school property at any time before the end of the school day, including items served in the reimbursable After School Snack Program: (1) Foods of minimal nutritional value (FMNV) as defined as the USDA, (2) All food and beverage items listing sugar, in any form, as the first ingredient, (3) All forms of candy as defined by the New Jersey Department of Agriculture. Schools are required to reduce the purchase of any products containing trans fats beginning
The following exemptions to the policy apply: (1) Foods and beverages served during special school celebrations or curriculum-related activities, with the exception of FMNV, (2) Medically authorized special needs diets, (3) School nurses using FMNV during the course of providing health care to individual students (4) Special needs students with IEPs that indicate a particular diet.
Last Updated: 12/27/2011
Food Allergies: The Allergy and Anaphylaxis Management Act (2007) requires Commissioners of Health and Education to establish state policy by June 2008 to manage the risk of anaphylaxis in public schools. The bill requires schools to consider and take action in response to such state policy. The policy must include the following: (1) A procedure and treatment plan for responding to anaphylaxis, including responsibilities for school nurses and other school personnel, (2) A training course for appropriate school personnel for preventing and responding to anaphylaxis, (3) Procedures, guidelines and communication plan for the development of an individualized emergency health care plan for children with a food or other allergy, and (4) Strategies for the reduction of the risk of exposure to causative agents, including food and other allergens.
Last Updated: 1/30/2013
Food Services: The State Board of Education requires all school districts to comply with the Rhode Island Nutrition Requirements for Food Service Programs (2009) requires schools that provide the school lunch program and/or school breakfast program to abide by the guidelines in the requirements which exceed USDA standards. The requirements are as follows:
Statute 16-8-10 (1956) requires all public elementary and secondary schools to make type A lunches available to student attending those schools in accordance with rules and regulations adopted by the department of elementary and secondary education. Statute 16-8-10.1 (1998) requires all public schools to make a breakfast program that meets any rules and regulations adopted by the commissioner available to students attending school.
Last Updated: 1/30/2013
Food Allergies: Statute 16-21-31 (2007) requires any school with a student that has an allergy to peanuts/tree nuts and/or food derived from peanut/tree nuts products to post a notice within the school building in a conspicuous place at every point of entry and within the cafeteria facility. The notice must advise that there are students at the school with allergies to peanuts/tree nuts.
Last Updated: 1/11/2010
Farm-to-School: RCW 15.64.060 (2008) establishes a farm-to-school program within the Department of Agriculture. It requires the Department to identify and develop policies and procedures to implement and evaluate the farm-to-school program, to assist food producers, distributors, and food brokers to market Washington grown food to schools, to assist schools in connecting with local producers, and to identify and make available existing curricula and publications to educate students on the benefits of consuming locally grown food.
Last Updated: 8/10/2009
Food Services: State Board Policy 4321.1 (2008) requires adequate time to be allowed for student meal consumption. Minimum time is 10 minutes for breakfast and 20 minutes for lunch. Activities may not be scheduled during meal service times to distract or limit student participation in nutrition programs. The policy requires schools to make plain, unflavored water available throughout the school day at no charge. Cups must be available at any water dispenser for easy student access. It also requires all meals to be priced and served as a unit. Only milk, low-fat and or 1% fat milkshakes and bottled water may be served as a la carte items at any grade level.
State Board Policy 4321.1 (2008) requires county boards of education to select one of two West Virginia Department of Education Lunch Menu Planning Options, as outlined in the policy. Under option A, meals must, over the averaged period of one week, meet the following requirements:
Under option A, the policy also requires additional foods to be provided to pregnant or lactating students so that breakfast and lunch together provide the following:
The requirements of option B are broken down by grade level and meal component, and are outlined in Board Policy 4321.1 (2008).
Board Policy 4321.1 (2008) allows schools to provide a nutritious in-school snack through the child nutrition program. Snack items should be age appropriate to prevent choking and adjusted to meet the nutritional needs of the child based on age. Snack choices should include fruits/vegetables, whole grains and non-fat and/or 1% low-fat dairy.
District of Columbia
Last Updated: 4/28/2013
Farm-to-School: Section 101 of the Healthy Students Act of 2010 defines “locally grown” and “locally processed”, and requires public schools and public charter schools to serve locally grown, locally processed, and unprocessed foods from growers engaged in sustainable agriculture practices whenever possible. Preference shall be given to fresh unprocessed agricultural products grown and processed in the District of Columbia, Maryland and Virginia.
Last Updated: 5/22/2013
Vending Machines/School Stores: KRS 158.854 (2005) specifies that vending machines, school stores, canteens, or fundraisers that sell beverages to students, teachers or groups may sell only “school-day-approved beverages" including water, 100% fruit juice, low-fat milk and any beverage that contains no more than 10 grams of sugar per serving.
702 KAR 6:090 (Section 1) (2006) restricts the sale of beverages beginning thirty minutes after the last lunch period until the end of the last instructional period. Beverages offered for sale, whether through vending machines, school stores, canteen or fundraisers on school property must be: (1) flavored or unflavored 1% or less milk, (2) flavored or unflavored, non-caloric, non-carbonated water, (3) 100% fruit or vegetable juice, (4) any beverage which does not contain more than 10 grams of sugar per serving (with the exception of fruit juice), (5) 17 ounces or less (excluding flavored, non-caloric or non-carbonated water) for elementary school and 20 ounces or less for middle and high school.
702 KAR 6:090 (2006) restricts the sale of food items beginning thirty minutes after the last lunch period until the end of the last instructional period. This includes the sale of food items in vending machines, school stores, canteen, and fundraiser on school property. The complete list of restrictions, which include calories, portion size, fat, sugar and sodium content, can be found in Section 2 of 702 KAR 6:090 (2006).
Other Food Sales: Pursuant to702 KAR 6:090 (2006),a la carte items offered for sale on the cafeteria line during the serving of breakfast or lunch are restricted and must meet the food item and beverage standards established in Section 1 and 2 of the regulation.
Last Updated: 3/22/2013
HB4459 (2010) requires the Department of Public Health to develop regulations for all competitive foods and beverages sold on school grounds up to 30 minutes before the beginning of the school day or 30 minutes after the end of the school day. In the case of vending machines, however, the regulations apply at all times. The regulations may make reasonable exceptions for booster sales, fundraising and concession stands during the school day. The Department of Public Health must conduct a review of the regulations every 5 years and report the findings to the legislature. The report must include: (1) An assessment of success in implementing the regulations, (2) Challenges and barriers experienced in implementation (3) Changes in revenue received from reimbursable school meals and competitive food sales, (4) Changes in student participation in school meals, (5) recommendations for improvement of guidelines.
The standards define competitive foods are defined as those foods and beverages provided (1) school cafeterias, offered as a la carte items, (2) school buildings, including classrooms and hallways; (3) school stores; (4) school snack bars; (5) vending machines; (6) concession stands; (7) booster sales; (8) fundraising activities; (9) school-sponsored or school-related events; and (10) any other location on school property. The competitive food standards do not apply to competitive foods and beverages sold on school grounds up to 30 minutes before the beginning or 30 minutes after the end of the school day. This exception does not apply to vending machines, however, which must comply at all times. The standards also require that all public schools make plain potable water readily available to all students during the day at no cost to the students and offer fresh fruit and non-fried vegetables for sale at any location where food is sold (except non-refrigerated vending machines and those dispensing only beverages. Schools may not use fryolators in the preparation of competitive foods and are required to make nutrition information available for students for non-prepackaged competitive foods and beverages (excluding fresh fruits or vegetables and foods or beverages sold during the school day at booster sales, concession stands and other school-sponsored or school-related fundraisers and events).
Last Updated: 8/27/2009
Vending Machines/School Stores: 6.12.5 NMAC (2006) sets standards for competitive beverages and foods sold to students through vending machines, a la carte sales and fundraisers. In elementary schools, beverages may not be sold through vending machines until after the last lunch period and may only include 2% or less milk or soy milk and water. Vending machines at elementary schools may not sell carbonated beverages or food. Middle schools are limited to the same beverage restrictions, with the addition of 100% fruit juice (no added sweeteners, less than 20 ounces and less than 125 calories/container). Middle school vending machines may sell nuts, seeds, cheese, yogurt and fruit at all times, and other foods (with nutritional specifications outlined) after the lunch period. High schools may sell the same beverages as elementary and middle schools, with the addition of fruit juice (at least 50%, not exceeding 20 ounces). After the lunch period, vending machines may sell sugar-free and caffeine free carbonated drinks, non-carbonated flavored water with no added sweeteners and sports drinks.
Last Updated: 10/6/2008
Vending Machines/School Stores: See restrictions under Other Food Sales.
Other Food Sales: HB 2650 (2007) restricts food and beverages sold in a school at all times during the regular or extended school day when the activities in the school are primarily under the control of the school district board. This includes, but is not limited to, the time before or after classes are in session and the time when the school is being used for activities such as clubs, practice, student government or rehearsal. HB 2650 (2007) is applicable during the 2008-09 school year, with the exception of entrée and snack items (2009-10 school year). Standards do not apply to food and beverage items sold as part of the USDA's National School Lunch or School Breakfast Program.
The following restrictions apply to any entrée item that is sold individually:
The following restrictions apply to any snack item (generally regarded as supplementing a meal, such as chips, crackers, onion rings, nachos, French fries, doughnuts, cookies, etc.):
Beverages sold in a school are limited to the following:
Last Updated: 1/14/2010
State Board Policy 4321.1 (2008) prohibits offering food or beverages as an award or using them as a means of punishment or disciplinary action for any student during the school day.
Code 18-2-6a (no date available) requires that soft drinks may not be sold during the school day in areas accessible to students in elementary, middle or junior high school through vending machines, in school stores, school canteens or through fundraisers. In elementary, middle school or junior high school, only healthy beverages may be sold at the aforementioned points of service. This does not restrict fund-raising activities off school groups. High schools which permit the sale of soft drinks through vending machines must ensure that 50% of the beverages offered for sale are healthy beverages" and that the machines are located near the vending machines containing soft drinks. Healthy beverages" are defined as water, 100% fruit and vegetable juice, low-fat milk and other juice beverages with a minimum of 20% juice. Board Policy 4321.1 (2008) reccommends that only water, 100% fruit and/or vegetable juice and non-fat and/or low-fat milk, flavored or unflavored, be sold, served or distributed during the school day at all levels.
Board Policy 4321.1 (2008) reccommends that only water, 100% fruit and/or vegetable juice and non-fat and/or low-fat milk, flavored or unflavored, be sold, served or distributed during the school day. However, Code 18-2-6a (no date available) permits the sale of other juice beverages with a minimum of 20% real juice. Board Policy 4321.1 (2008) also prohibits the following: (1) the sale and/or distribution of coffee and coffee-based products during the school day, (2) the sale, service or distribution of products containing non-nutritive or artificial sweeteners, and (3) caffeine containing beverages with the exception of those containing naturally occurring caffeine substances.
Last Updated: 10/30/2011
Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: State Board of Education Policy 1110-6 (2006) requires the Department of Education to establish regulations or guidelines for physical activity. The resulting Wellness Guidelines (2006) requires public schools to provide all students in all grades with at least 20 minutes a day of supervised recess, during which schools must encourage moderate to vigorous physical activity. At the middle and high school levels, the policy is interpreted as requiring schools to provide the means to be physically active (intramurals, equipment, etc). The policy must be implemented by the 2010-2011 school year.
Last Updated: 2/1/2010
Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: IAC 20-30-5-7.5 (2006) requires school corporations to provide daily physical activity for students in elementary school consisting of curriculum and programs and may include the use of recess beginning in the 2006-07 school year.
Last Updated: 12/20/2010
General Physical Activity Requirement: State Board of Education Policy GCS-S-000 (2005) requires schools to provide a minimum of 30 minutes daily of moderate to vigorous physical activity to all K-8 students. This may be completed through regular physical education, physical activities, recess, dance, classroom energizers, or other curriculum based physical education activity program. The physical activity must involve physical exertion of at least a moderate to vigorous intensity level and for a duration sufficient to provide a significant health benefit to students.
Last Updated: 8/21/2011
Interscholastic Athletics: No state policy.
Last Updated: 5/17/2011
Bullying/Harassment: General Laws Chapter 71 (2010) defines bullying as “the repeated use by one or more students of a written, verbal or electronic expression or a physical act or gesture or any combination thereof, directed at a victim that: (i) causes physical or emotional harm to the victim or damage to the victim’s property; (ii) places the victim in reasonable fear of harm to himself or of damage to his property; (iii) creates a hostile environment at school for the victim; (iv) infringes on the rights of the victim at school; or (v) materially and substantially disrupts the education process or the orderly operation of a school.” The statute prohibits bullying on school grounds, property immediately adjacent to school grounds, at a school-sponsored or school-related activity, function or program whether on or off school grounds, at a school bus stop, on a school bus or other vehicle owned, leased or used by a school district or school or through the use of technology or an electronic device owned, leased or used by a school district or school. In addition, it prohibits bullying at a location, activity, function or program that is not school-related, or through the use of technology or an electronic device that is not owned, leased or used by a school district or school, if the bullying creates a hostile environment at school for the victim, infringes on the rights of the victim at school or materially and substantially disrupts the education process or the orderly operation of a school. It also prohibits retaliation against those reporting or providing information about bullying incidents.
Last Updated: 4/28/2008
ARS 36-798.03 (2000) prohibits the use of tobacco on school grounds, in school buildings, in school parking lots or playing fields, in school buses or vehicles or at off-campus school sponsored events. Note: Arizona meets CDC's definition of a comprehensive tobacco-free schools policy.
Last Updated: 8/11/2008
Statute 25-14-103.5 (1998) mandates each school district to adopt policies and rules prohibiting the use of all tobacco products by students, teachers, staff, and visitors on all school property which includes school grounds and school transportation vehicles. Signs are to be prominently posted on all school property.
Last Updated: 4/28/2008
Code 16:29-2903 (2002) prohibits smoking in public and nonpublic schools. Administrative Code 14:877 (2003) requires each school district and charter school to have a policy that prohibits the use of or distribution of tobacco products in school buildings, on school grounds, in school leased or owned vehicles, even when they are not used for student purposes, and at all school affiliated functions. Note:
Last Updated: 4/28/2008
Criminal Code §97-32-9 (2000) prohibits students from possessing tobacco on any educational property. Code §97-32-29 (2000) further prohibits the use of tobacco on any educational property for adults who, if in violation, would be subject to a fine and issued a citation by a law enforcement officer.
Last Updated: 9/16/2009
Last Updated: 4/28/2008
Public Health Laws 1399-n and 1399-o (2003) prohibits smoking in places of employment, the definition of which includes school grounds. "School grounds" includes any building, structure and surrounding outdoor grounds, and any vehicles used to transport children or school personnel. Further, Education Law 409 (2003) prohibits tobacco use on school grounds (building, structure and surrounding outdoor grounds).
Last Updated: 4/28/2008
Statute §115C-407 (2007) requires local boards of education to adopt, implement and enforce a written policy prohibiting smoking at all times by any person in school buildings, in school facilities, on school campuses, and in or on any other school property owned or operated by the local school administrative unit. The policy shall prohibit the use of all tobacco products by persons attending a school-sponsored event at a location not listed in the statute when in the prescence of students or school personnel or in an area where smoking is otherwise prohibited by law. The policy must include adequate notice to students and school personnel, posting of signs prohibiting the use of tobacco at all times by any person in and on school property, and a requirement that school personnel enforce the policy.
Last Updated: 4/28/2008
ORS 339.865 (1993) and OAR 581-021-0110 (2004) does not permit any person under the age of 18 to possess tobacco products on school grounds, in school facilities or at school-sponsored activities. OAR 581-021-0110 also prohibits the possession of tobacco products by students in any building, facility or vehicle owned or leased by the school district or charter school and by January 01, 2006, each district is required to establish policies and procedures to implement and enforce this rule for all students, staff, and visitors.
Last Updated: 4/28/2008
Last Updated: 1/9/2011
Public Act 09-81 (2009) Requires that a local or regional board of education to provide a uniform inspection and evaluation program (such as Indoor Air Quality Tools for Schools) of the indoor air quality of every school building that is or has been constructed, extended, renovated or replaced on or after January 1, 2003. The inspection and evaluation program must include a review, inspection or evaluation of the following: (1) The heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems; (2) radon levels in the water and the air; (3) potential for exposure to microbiological airborne particles, including, but not limited to, fungi, mold and bacteria; (4) chemical compounds of concern to indoor air quality including, but not limited to, volatile organic compounds; (5) the degree of pest infestation, including, but not limited to, insects and rodents; (6) the degree of pesticide usage; (7) the presence of and the plans for removal of any hazardous substances that are contained on the list prepared pursuant to Section 302 of the federal Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act, 42 USC 9601 et seq. ; (8) ventilation systems; (9) plumbing, including water distribution systems, drainage systems and fixtures; (10) moisture incursion; (11) the overall cleanliness of the facilities; (12) building structural elements, including, but not limited to, roofing, basements or slabs; (13) the use of space, particularly areas that were designed to be unoccupied; and (14) the provision of indoor air quality maintenance training for building staff. Local and regional boards of education must make available for public inspection the results of the inspection and evaluation at a regularly scheduled board of education meeting and on the board's or each individual school's website.
Last Updated: 1/9/2011
Green Cleaning: 105 ILCS 140 (2007) requires all elementary and secondary public schools and non-public schools with 50 or more students to establish a “green cleaning policy” and exclusively purchase and use environmentally-sensitive cleaning products pursuant to the guidelines and specifications for schools established by the Illinois Green Government Coordinating Council. One of the goals of “green cleaning” is to reduce the harmful chemicals that are in conventional cleaning products that contribute to indoor air pollution and are asthma triggers. If adopting a “green cleaning” policy is not economically feasible or if such adoption would result in an increase in the cleaning costs of the school, the school may request an exemption for product categories (not exemption from the requirement) in which three comparable green cleaning products are higher than the product currently in use. The exemption is valid for one year and must be renewed.
Last Updated: 6/22/2009
Code 16-41-37.5-2 (2009) requires the State Department of Health to adopt rules establishing indoor air quality inspection, evaluation and employee notification program to assist state agencies and schools. It also require the Department of Health to inspect a school after receiving a complaint about the school's indoor air quality, report the results of the inspection, and identify conditions that could contribute to poor air quality in the school including carbon dioxide, humidity, evidence of mold or water damage and excess dust. The Department of Health must then provide guidance on the steps the school or state agency should take to address any issues and request a response from the school within 60 days. Code 16-41-37.5-2.5 (2009) requires the Department of Health to distribute a manual of best practices of managing indoor air quality at schools as described in this section. Code 16-41-37.5-3 (2005) establishes the School Air Quality Panel, and requires the panel to assist in developing air quality improvement plans. It requires the panel to identify and make available to schools best operating practices for indoor air quality.
Last Updated: 5/22/2008
Statute 123B.885 (2002) requires school bus operators to minimize the idling of school bus engines and exposure of children to diesel exhaust fumes. Diesel school buses must be parked and loaded at sufficient distance to prevent diesel fumes from being drawn into the school in-take air systems.
Last Updated: 5/27/2010
Code 41-79-31 (2010) requires local school health councils to conduct a school health needs assessment that addresses and supports the eight components of the coordinated school health model. The results of the assessment must be used in the development of long-range maintenance plans that include specific indoor air quality components for each school building. The long-range maintenance plans must be included in the local school wellness policy.
Last Updated: 5/22/2008
Commissioner's Regulation 155 (1999) requires teaching spaces be provided with a controlled supply of fresh air and have sufficient air changes to produce healthful conditions and avoid odor build-up or concentrations of toxic substances or dust particles. A comprehensive maintenance plan, which must include measures assuring good air quality, is also required. School Facility Report Cards also require schools to individually report whether they have taken measures to assure acceptable indoor air quality" (Healthy Schools Network, Inc., 2000).
Last Updated: 1/9/2011
Green Cleaning: Education Law 409-i (2005) requires all public and non-public elementary and secondary schools to use environmentally sensitive cleaning and maintenance products ("green clean"), with the goal of minimizing adverse impacts on children's health and the environment. The commissioner of general services to must establish and regularly amend guidelines for the purchase and use of environmentally sensitive cleaning and maintenance products, and provide a sample list to schools of products that meet these requirements.
Last Updated: 5/22/2008
23 VSA 1282 (2007) prohibits the operator of a school bus from idling while waiting for children to board or exit the vehicle at a school. The operator may not start the engine until ready to leave the school premises. Exceptions to this include circumstances that reasonably require the idling of the engine, such as periods when it is necessary to operate defrosting, heating or cooling equipment to ensure the health or safety of the driver or passengers, to operate auxiliary equipment, and when the engine is undergoing maintenance or inspection. This rule does not affect vehicles other than school busses while on school premises.
Last Updated: 4/30/2009
Board Policy 6201 (2000) highly recommends carpeting be restricted in public school buildings to the following areas: classrooms for grades K-2, computer labs, libraries/media centers, teachers' lounges, auditorium aisles and walkways, music rehearsal rooms, and administrative offices.
Board Policy 4336 (12) (2004) prohibits school bus idling while waiting for or loading students.
Last Updated: 10/25/2011
Statute Chapter 170, Section 10-231b prohibits the application of pesticides on the grounds of any public or private school with students in grade eight or lower. Until July 1, 2009, an application of a lawn care pesticide may be made on the playing fields and playgrounds of a public or private school with students in grade eight or lower pursuant to the model pest management program developed by the Commissioner of Environmental Protection. Public Act 22a-54 (2003).This limitation shall not apply in the case of an emergency application of pesticide to eliminate an immediate threat to human health. Statute 07-168 (2007) restricts the application of pesticides within any building or on the grounds of any school to a pesticide applicator with supervisory certification or operational certification under section
Last Updated: 2/28/2013
Statute 33-1613 (no date available) requires each school district to require independent inspection of the district's school facilities, including playgrounds and athletic fields, at least once every school year to address safety and health standards for facilities.
Last Updated: 5/22/2008
Statute 115C-46 (2006) requires local boards of education to prohibit the purchase or acceptance of chromated copper arsenate-treated wood for future use on school grounds. Existing arsenic-treated wood must be sealed or removed according to guidelines established under Statute 115C-12(34) (2006). Local boards of education are encouraged to test the soil on school grounds for contamination caused by the leaching of arsenic-treated wood. Statute 115C-12(34) requires the State Board of Education to develop guidelines for sealing existing arsenic-treated wood in playground equipment or establish a time line for removing existing arsenic-treated wood on playgrounds and testing the soil on school grounds for arsenic contamination.
Last Updated: 2/13/2013
Section 40.0 of the Rules and Regulations for School Health (2009) requires all playgrounds to be maintained and operated in a safe manner at all times and must comply with the guidelines of the most recent version of the Handbook for Public Playground Safety issued by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.
Last Updated: 6/4/2009
Self-Administration of Diabetes Medications: ARS 15-344.01 (2008) allows the school district governing board and the charter school governing body to adopt policies and procedures for pupils who have been diagnosed with diabetes. The policies and procedures shall allow students to manage their diabetes in the classroom, on school grounds and at school sponsored activities. If a school district or charter school adopts policies and procedures, they must include the following components: (1) The parent or guardian must annually submit a diabetes medical management plan to the student's school authorizing them to carry appropriate medications and monitoring equipment, and acknowledging that the pupil is capable of sellf-administration. The management plan must be signed by a licensed health professional; (2) A requirement that the student be able to practice proper safety precautions for the handling and disposal of equipment, and a specified method of disposal; and (3) Procedures that enable a school district or charter school to withdraw a pupil's authorization to monitor blood glucose and self-administer diabetes medication if the student does not practice proper safety precautions. The statute also allows for the training and authorization of voluntary diabetes care assistants.
Last Updated: 12/21/2011
Medical Emergencies: 92 NAC 59.006 (no date available) requires all schools to adopt and implement the Emergency Response to Life Threatening Asthma or Systemic Allergic Reactions Protocol. This protocol consists of calling for the designated staff to implement the protocol, respiratory evaluation, administration of medications (Epi-Pen), assess the cause and vital signs, contact the parents and physician, and possibly transfer to a medical facility.
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