Instructions

Select a category on the left to see all the topics within that category that have national guidelines. National guidelines for relevant subtopics will also appear. Topics not appearing do not, to our knowledge, have national guidelines

Curriculum and Instruction
Health Education

Last Updated: 5/26/2010

National Health Education Standards
Centers for Disease Control
http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/sher/standards/index.htm

Health Education Standards
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (AAHPERD)
http://www.aahperd.org/aahe/pdf_files/standards.pdf

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Health/Safety Education as a Core Subject
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=2-04


Curriculum Content:

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Health/Safety Education: Planned, Sequential, Meets Standards
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=2-05


Physical Education

Last Updated: 6/2/2010

National Standards for Physical Education
National Association of Sport and Physical Education (NASPE)
NASPE recommends that schools provide 150 minutes of instructional physical education for elementary school children, and 225 minutes for middle and high school students per week for the entire school year.
http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/standards/nationalGuidelines/PEguidelines.cfm
 
Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (2008)
US Dept of Health and Human Services
www.health.gov/paguidelines/guidelines/default.aspx

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Daily Physical Education
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=3-01

Adapted Physical Education National Standards
National Consortium for Physical Education and Recreation for Individuals with Disabilities

http://www.apens.org/

Eligibility Criteria for Adapted Physical Education Services - Position Statement
National Association for Sport and Physical Education
www.aahperd.org/naspe/standards/upload/Eligibility-Criteria-for-Adapted-PE.pdf


Curriculum Content:

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Physical Education Standards and Quality 
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=3-02

Exemptions:

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Physical Activity Exemption/Resumption
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=3-08

Opposing Substitution and Waiver/Exemptions for Required Physical Education - Position Statement (2006)
National Association for Sport and Physical Education
http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/standards/upload/Opposing-Substition-Waiver-Exemptions-for-Required-PE-2006.pdf
 


Emotional, Social, and Mental Health Education

Last Updated: 5/18/2010

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Learning Social Skills
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=2-07


HIV, STD, and Pregnancy Prevention Education

Last Updated: 6/3/2010

Guidelines for Effective School Health Education to Prevent the Spread of AIDS
CDC
www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00001751.htm


Nutrition Education

Last Updated: 6/9/2010

Guidelines for School Health Programs to Promote Lifelong Healthy Eating
Centers for Disease Control
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00042446.htm


Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drug Use Education

Last Updated: 6/2/2010

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Functional Knowledge of Health and Safety Issues
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=2-06

Tobacco:

Guidelines for School Health Programs to Prevent Tobacco Use and Addiction
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Guidelines for School Health Programs to Prevent Tobacco Use and Addiction

 


Injury and Violence Prevention Education

Last Updated: 5/18/2010

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Functional Knowledge of Health and Safety Issues
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=2-06


Staff
Requirements for Health Educators

Last Updated: 5/18/2010

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Certified Health Teacher
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=2-03


Requirements for Physical Educators

Last Updated: 6/2/2010

National Standards for Physical Education Teacher Education
National Association of Sport and Physical Education
http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/standards/nationalStandards/PETEstandards.cfm


Requirements for School Nurses

Last Updated: 5/26/2010

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Students
Student Access to a Certified School Nurse
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=4-03

Student-to-Nurse Ratio:
National Association of School Nurses recommends a ratio of 225: 1(no link available)

Healthy People 2010 recommends a ratio of 750:1

Requirements for School Counselors

Last Updated: 5/26/2010

Student-to-Counselor Ratio:
The American School Counselor Association recommends a ratio of 250:1 
http://www.schoolcounselor.org/content.asp?pl=328&sl=460&contentid=460
 


Requirements for School Psychologists

Last Updated: 5/26/2010

Student-to-School Psychologist Ratio:
The National Association of School Psychologists recommends a ratio of 1000:1 http://www.nasponline.org/publications/cq/cq336numsp.aspx


Requirements for School Social Workers

Last Updated: 5/26/2010

Student-to-Social Worker Ratio:
The School Social Work Association of America recommends a ratio of 400:1
http://www.sswaa.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=48&Itemid=83


Requirements for Athletic Coaches

Last Updated: 6/2/2010

Quality Coaches, Quality Sports: National Standards for Sport Coaches
National Association for Sport and Physical Education
www.aahperd.org/naspe/standards/nationalStandards/sportCoaches.cfm


Health Promoting Environment
Wellness Policies

Last Updated: 5/19/2010

Model Local School Wellness Policies
National Alliance for Nutrition and Activity
http://www.schoolwellnesspolicies.org/WellnessPolicies.html


School Meals Program

Last Updated: 6/2/2010

Nutrition Standards for Foods in Schools
Institute of Medicine
http://www.iom.edu/CMS/3788/30181/42502.aspx

National Nutrition Standards Recommendations
School Nutrition Association
http://www.schoolnutrition.org/uploadedFiles/School_Nutrition/16_LegislativeAction/SNA_National_Nutrition_Standards.pdf

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Accessible School-Provided Meal Program
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=5-04


Adequate Time to Eat:

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools

School Meal Scheduling
Recommends that students be allowed at least 20 minutes of actual eating time for lunch and 10 minutes for breakfast. 
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=5-07

The USDA recommendsthat students should have a minimum of 20 minutes at lunch and 10 minutes at breakfast from the time they receive their food to consume the meal, in order to allow for socializing, food service, clean-up and other lunch-related activities. (Changing the Scene: Improving the School Nutrition Environment - A Guide to Local Action)

Food Allergies:

School Guidelines for Managing Students with Food Allergies
The Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network
www.foodallergy.org/page/school-guidelines-for-managing-students-with-food-allergies


Competitive Foods in School

Last Updated: 5/19/2010

Nutrition Standards for Foods in Schools
Institute of Medicine
http://www.iom.edu/CMS/3788/30181/42502.aspx

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines in Schools
Access to Food Outside of Meal Programs
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=5-08

Food as Marketed Items, Reward, Punishment

Physical Activity Other Than Physical Education

Last Updated: 6/2/2010

Physical Activity other than Physical Education:

National Guidelines for Physical Activity
National Association of Sport and Physical Education
NASPE recommends school-age children accumulate at least 60 minutes and up to several hours of physical activity per day while avoiding prolonged periods of inactivity.
www.aahperd.org/naspe/standards/nationalGuidelines/PAguidelines.cfm

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Activity Opportunities Beyond Physical Education
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=3-04

Physical Activity Used as Punishment or Behavior Management - Position Statement
National Association for Sport and Physical Education
www.aahperd.org/naspe/standards/upload/Physical-Activity-as-Punishment-to-Board-12-10.pdf

Recess:
Recess for Elementary Students - Position Statement
National Association for Sport and Physical Education
http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/standards/upload/Recess-for-Elementary-School-Students-2006.pdf
 


Crisis Management/Emergency Response

Last Updated: 6/9/2010

There are no nationally-adopted emergency management standards for schools, but the U.S. Department of Education’s Practical Information on Crisis Planning: A Guide for Schools and Communities, which provides a four-phase approach to school emergency planning activities, is widely used throughout the country.

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Crisis Response Teams and Plans
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=4-11


Air Quality

Last Updated: 5/24/2010

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Indoor/Outdoor Allergens/Air Quality
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=6-13


Playground/Facility Safety

Last Updated: 6/9/2010

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Playground Safety
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=6-08

Public Playground Safety Handbook
Consumer Product Safety Commission
www.cpsc.gov/cpscpub/pubs/325.pdf


Student Services
Screening for Health Conditions

Last Updated: 6/3/2010

Vision:

Prevent Blindness America provides guidelines for vision screening in the school setting in their Position Statement - Model State School-Entry Vision Screening Legislation.

The National Association of School Nurses provides guidelines for vision screening in To See or Not to see: Screening the Vision of Children in School (2005).

Hearing:
American Speech Language Hearing Association recommends that school age children should be screened at the following times: (1) On first entry into school, (2) Every year from kindergarten through 3rd grade, (3) In 7 th and 11th grade, (4) Upon entrance into special education, (5) Upon grade repetition, (7) Upon entering a new school system without evidence of having passed a previous hearing screening.
http://www.asha.org/public/hearing/testing/

BMI:
The Institute of Medicine recommends schools determine annual each student's BMI percentile and make information available to the parents.
(Preventing Childhood Obesity: Health in the Balance)

The CDC produced Body Mass Index Measurement in Schools to describe the purpose of school-based BMI surveillance and screening programs, examine current practices, and review research on BMI measurement programs.  Based upon the evidence, student BMI surveillance is beneficial to produce prevalence and trend data on obesity among a populations of students.  However, there is not enough evidence to recommend for or against school-based BMI screening in schools.

The American Heart Association does not recommend BMI screening programs unless there is careful consideration of critical issues. (Policy Position Statement on Body Mass Index (BMI) surveillance and assessment in schools - 2008)
 


Administration of Medications

Last Updated: 6/3/2010

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Delegation of Routine Clinical Services
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=4-05

Administering Medication in School
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=4-19

AAP Guidelines for the Administration of Medication in Schools

http://aappolicy.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/pediatrics;112/3/697.pdf


Counseling and Mental Health Services

Last Updated: 5/25/2010

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Mental Health Problems: Capacity to Identify, Refer, Manage
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=4-06


Immunization

Last Updated: 6/8/2010

Every state has adopted its own requirements for vaccination prior to school entry. The guidelines included below are overall immunization recommendations.

Summary Recommendations for Childhood and Adolescent Immunization
Center for Disease Control
www.immunize.org/catg.d/p2010.pdf

Immunization Schedule
American Academy of Pediatrics
http://www.aap.org/immunization/IZSchedule.html


Accommodation
Staff with HIV

Last Updated: 6/3/2010

Model Policies Concerning Staff and Students with HIV Infection
National Association of State Boards of Education
http://nasbe.org/index.php/component/content/article/78-model-policies/120-policies-concerning-students-and-staff-with-hiv-infection
 


Students with HIV

Last Updated: 6/3/2010

Model Policies Concerning Students and Staff with HIV Infection
National Association of State Boards of Education
http://nasbe.org/index.php/component/content/article/78-model-policies/120-policies-concerning-students-and-staff-with-hiv-infection
 


Individual Health Plan for Students

Last Updated: 5/25/2010

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelies for Schools

Individualized Health Service Plans
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=4-20

Protocols for Special Medical Procedures
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=4-21


Coordination/ Implementation
Coordinating or Advisory Councils

Last Updated: 5/25/2010

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools 
Health and Safety Advisory Council
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=0-05


School Health Program Coordinators

Last Updated: 6/9/2010

Health, Mental Health and Safety Guidelines for Schools
Health and Safety Coordinator for School, for District
http://www.nationalguidelines.org/guideline.cfm?guideNum=0-04&pageRefresh=true

 


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