Other Databases

The following links are provided for the user’s convenience. NASBE is not responsible for the contents, accuracy, or timeliness of other organizations’ information.

Users can expect to find numerous inconsistencies among different organizations’ database contents. Such inconsistencies may be attributed to differences of methodology, timeframe, interpretation, or the ambiguities inherent to any discussion of policy and practice. For example, whereas NASBE collects written state policies and summarizes the information contained in those policies, others may collect information through questionnaires, interviews, and surveys. Subjective interpretation is unavoidable when analyzing written policies that vary in content, depth, and completeness. Across states, awareness, dissemination, interpretation, and enforcement of policies also varies tremendously. As a result, policy measurement and policy analysis - like policymaking itself - remain both an art and a science.

State Laws and Policies

The Legal Information Institute of the Cornell University Law School maintains a central listing of state constitutions, statutes, and legislative information. The information can be searched by topic or state.

The National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) maintains a 50-state legislative tracking web resources page that contains a large number of current topics, including school health topics. Here you will find a topical, alphabetical listing of legislative and statutory databases, compilations and state charts/maps.

CDClogo286 The CDC National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion maintains a nutrition, physical activity and obesity legislative database of state-level laws and proposed bills related to nutrition and physical activity topics. The current status of each bill is defined as pending, changed, enacted, or dead.

The School Nutrition Association has compiled a searchable state policy index of child nutrition policies. Users can search by state, by statute name, or by choosing from among more than two dozen topics.

The Strategic Alliance, a coalition of nutrition and physical activity advocates in California coordinated by the Prevention Institute, has created the ENACT Local Policy Database, an online resource of local policies from various states that can improve opportunities for healthy eating and physical activity.

The American Lung Association has maintained its State Legislated Actions on Tobacco Issues (SLATI) database of tobacco control laws and policies of the 50 states since 1996. Among other topics the regularly updated database includes are laws regarding youth access to tobacco, sales to minors, and restrictions on tobacco use at schools.

The Allergy and Asthma Network/Mothers of Asthmatics (AANMA), a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, offers an online database of state statutes protecting student rights to carry and use prescribed asthma and anaphylaxis medications.

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) maintains the CLASS (Classification of Laws Associated with School Students) Database uses two policy classification systems to score state-level codified laws for physical education and nutrition in schools. In addition, the State Cancer Legislative Database (SCLD) contains summaries of state legislation affecting cancer prevention and control from the early 1980s to the present. Among the topics relevant to schools are skin cancer prevention, cervical cancer prevention, and health disparities.

The Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS) produces the periodically updated SIECUS State Profiles publication that includes summaries of each state’s laws, proposed bills, education policies, funding, and key statistics regarding sexuality education programs.

The Guttmacher Institute collects and analyzes state policies on sexual and reproductive health issues, including minors’ rights and access to services. Its State Center includes state-specific collections of resources.

The National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP) at Columbia University maintains a 50-state policy wizard that allows users to create custom tables with information about state and federal policies that assist low-income families and children, as well as individual state profiles that summarize a range of policies.

The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (CBPP) coordinates the State Fiscal Analysis Initiative (SFAI), which brings together nonpartisan, independent, nonprofit state organizations that provide rigorous policy analysis regarding the needs of low- and moderate-income families.

The Education Commission of the States (ECS) maintains a number of online databases and summaries of K-12 state education policies on various topics (though none that specifically address school health programs).

Policy Strategies

Many, many organizations and government agencies offer policy advice and assistance on school health programs. Following are a selected few:

The School Health Programs department of the National School Boards Association (NSBA) provides practical policy information through "101" packets of information on key topics, current news on health topics that are relevant to school leaders, links to relevant websites, the latest reports and data, and announcements of special events. NSBA is a federation of state associations: its site includes links to the state school boards association of each state.

The CDC Division of Population Health offers a broad range of information, resources, and policy guidance on promoting healthy lifestyles and preventing health risk behaviors among the nation’s youth.

The American School Health Association (ASHA) makes available online its resolutions on a large number of specific school health issues.

The federal Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) sponsored the development of Health, Mental Health, and Safety Guidelines for Schools by more than 30 national health, education, and safety organizations (including NASBE), coordinated by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the National Association of School Nurses (NASN).

The National Association of School Nurses (NASN) has prepared a number of useful position papers, issues briefs, and reports on various aspects of school health programs.

The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy (the “National Campaign”) is a non-profit, ideologically-neutral research organization whose goals are to prevent teen pregnancy and unplanned pregnancy among young adults. They offer a number of research-based reports, facts sheets, and presentations useful to policymakers and educators.

The Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA offers a large number of searchable resource materials, clearinghouse document summaries, and listings of organizations and internet sites.

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) offers policy statements, clinical reports, technical reports, and clinical practice guidelines on a number of school health topics.

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has pulled together a healthy school environment resources webpage that is “one-stop” location for information and on-line resources regarding school environmental health issues

The CDC-supported Guide to Community Preventive Services summarizes what is known about the effectiveness, economic efficiency, and feasibility of interventions to promote community health and prevent disease.

The Duke University Center for Health Policy maintains a State Health Policy Web Portals page that connects with gateways to health policy information in each state, including comprehensive links to agencies, organizations and information about state health policy issues.

Data and Statistics

FedStats provides access to the full range of official statistical information produced by the federal government without having to know in advance which agency produces which particular statistic. More than 100 agencies provide data and trend information on such topics as population trends, crime, education, health, and safety.

The CDC Division of Population Health conducts a variety of youth-focused public health surveillance activities, including:

·         the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS), a survey of youth risk behaviors conducted every two years at the national, state, and large school district levels;

·         the School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS), a survey of education policies and practices at the state, districts, and school levels conducted every six years; and

·         School Health Profiles, a summary of school health policies and activities of states and large urban school districts conducted every two years.

The CDC National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) is the Nation’s principal health statistics agency that collects data on the health status of the population and of important subgroups from birth and death records, medical records, interview surveys, and through direct physical exams and laboratory testing.

The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) of the US Department of Education collects and analyzes a broad range of data on significant national measures of the condition and progress of education.

The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF) provides frequently updated state-level data on demographics, health, and health policy, including health coverage, access, financing, and state legislation and budgets at Statehealthfacts.org. KFF is a non-profit, private operating foundation (not associated with Kaiser Permanente or Kaiser Industries) that focuses on the major health care issues facing the nation.

Child Trends, a nonprofit, nonpartisan research organization, publishes research papers, research briefs, literature reviews, and "what works" interactive tables that identify programs proven by research to be effective in promoting child and youth development. The Child Trends Databank is a large collection of current research and data on over 100 key indicators of child and youth well-being.

The Annie E. Casey Foundation operates the KIDS COUNT online database, which contains state, county, and city-level data for over 100 measures of child well-being. Users can generate custom reports for a geographic area or to compare areas on a topic.

The Population Reference Bureau (PRB) maintains a Datafinder database of hundreds of demographic, education, and health variables. Users can display data in the form of tables, rankings, maps, or bar graphs.

The US Census Bureau's American Factfinder is a quick source for population, education, housing, economic, and geographic data.

The Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative (CAHMI) operates the Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health (DRC), which provides access to national, state, and regional data on over 100 indicators from the National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH) and the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs (NS-CSHCN).

The Food Research and Action Center (FRAC) provides general information about federal food programs—including the school breakfast and lunch programs—and maintains state-by-state profiles of how the programs are being implemented.

The Harvard School of Public Health maintains Diversitydata.org, an online database that allows visitors to explore how metropolitan areas throughout the US perform on a diverse range of social measures.

The federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has compiled survey estimates of substance use and mental health at the national, state, and metropolitan area levels.

Educational Resources

The CDC Division of Population Health  maintains the School Health Education Resources (SHER) database, which provides access to the myriad school health education offerings available from CDC. 

The US Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences (IES) sponsors the What Works Clearinghouse, a set of databases and user-friendly reports that provide education consumers with high-quality reviews and scientific evidence of the effectiveness of replicable educational interventions. The WWC is administered through a contract with Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.

The US Department of Education maintains the Federal Resources of Educational Excellence (FREE) database of more than 1,500 federally supported teaching and learning resources from dozens of federal agencies that can be accessed at no cost. Among its major topics are health and physical education, which includes resources on substance abuse prevention, safety, brain health, exercise, and nutrition.

SmithsonianEducation.org has aligned more than 1,200 free educational resources from the Institution’s collections to each state’s standards of learning, including health education and physical education. Teachers can find lesson plans, virtual exhibitions, photographs and artworks, and databases of research information that are correlated to their curriculum.

The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) provides a PBS Teachers service, which includes a searchable database of lesson plans, activities, and multimedia resources for teachers and students on numerous topics (including health and fitness), tailored for specific grade levels

HealthTeacher is a for-profit, subscription-based online health curriculum for K-12 classroom teachers and people involved in home schooling, community based health and mental health centers, and other health education venues. The HealthTeacher curriculum delineates knowledge and skill expectations that are consistent with the National Health Education Standards and the CCSSO~SCASS Health Education Assessment Project for each grade level, and addresses the priority youth health risk behaviors identified by CDC.

The federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) operates the National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP), a searchable online registry of mental health and substance abuse interventions that have been reviewed and rated by independent reviewers.

The CDC National Prevention Information Network (NPIN), a reference, referral, and distribution service for information on HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and tuberculosis (TB), maintains six databases containing information on organizations, educational materials, news, conferences, funding, and HIV prevention program evaluation materials.

The federal Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) supports the Maternal and Child Health Library at Georgetown University, which maintains several databases to collect, manage, and disseminate knowledge about maternal and child health (MCH). “Knowledge paths” on MCH-related topics contain selections of recent, high quality resources and tools including links to Web sites, electronic publications, databases, and discussion groups, and citations for journal articles and other print resources.

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) maintains a Teaching Center to help formal and nonformal educators who wish to teach about the environment. The website offers background information on a variety of topics, lesson plans, and classroom activities, as well as information on workshops, conferences, grants, and award programs.


Grants.gov is a central US federal government storehouse for information on over 1,000 discretionary grant programs offered by 26 federal grant-making agencies.

The Center for Health and Health Care in Schools maintains a grants database focusing on health-related funding for schools and education agencies.

The Foundation Center connects nonprofit organizations and the grantmakers supporting them and provides useful tools and information. The Center maintains a comprehensive database on US grantmakers and their grants, and also operates research, education, and training programs designed to advance philanthropy at every level.

The CDC National Prevention Information Network (NPIN), a reference, referral, and distribution service for information on HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and tuberculosis (TB), maintains a program funding database.

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