Pregnant or Parenting Students

Alaska

Last Updated: 1/2/2006
No state policy.

Alabama

Last Updated: 1/1/2006

No state policy.


Arkansas

Last Updated: 1/2/2006

No state policy.


Arizona

Last Updated: 1/2/2006

ARS 15-346 (2002) instructs local districts to adopt policies and procedures concerning pregnant students or pupils with an infant to provide homework for absences from school and flexibility in physical education activities.


California

Last Updated: 9/16/2006

In California, Education Code §48205(a)(6) (no date available) permits parenting students to be excused due to the illness or medical appointment of a child in their custody. Districts may voluntarily offer the Cal-SAFE Program, which provides academic and support services to expectant and parenting students and child care and development services to their children.


Colorado

Last Updated: 1/2/2006
No state policy.

Connecticut

Last Updated: 1/2/2006
No state policy.

District of Columbia

Last Updated: 5/30/2013

Rule 5-E5800 (2001) states that pregnant or parenting TANF recipients under the age of 20 who have not completed high school shall attend high school or an approved alternate education or training program. School attendance or participation in an alternative education or training program shall be verified. If a teen fails without good cause to complete this requirement, the teen’s needs shall be excluded from the TANF benefit after adequate and timely notice has been provided and not restored until he or she complies with the school attendance requirement. Teens may not be sanctioned if they have good cause, which includes: excused absences, having a child under the age of six and no reasonable access to affordable child care resources, having special health care needs that prevent attendance, are less than 12 years old, or an extraordinary and unforeseen circumstance determined to be beyond the control of the teen. Students have the right to appeal through a fair hearing process.


Delaware

Last Updated: 5/11/2009

Administrative Code 14:930 (2005) delineates eligibility for Homebound Instruction for students with pregnancy, whose doctor documents complication by illness or other abnormal condition. Those remaining in schools are eligible for supportive instruction during a postpartum period not to exceed six weeks."


Florida

Last Updated: 4/24/2013

Statute 1003.21 (2012) states that pregnant or parenting student shall receive the same education instruction as other students, but may voluntarily be assigned to a program suited to their special needs. The state also requires local districts, in statute 1003.54 (2012), to maintain a teenage parent program that provides pregnant students with the option of remaining in a regular classroom or enrolling in a special program to address their needs. Further, it exempts students participating in the teenage parent program from minimum attendance requirements for pregnancy or parenting-related absences, but requires all missed work to be made up.


Georgia

Last Updated: 5/1/2007

Georgia has no state law or administrative rule that addresses attendance for pregnant or parenting students, however, Georgia Code 20-2-150 (2001) allows local units of administration to develop an alternative program beyond the regular daytime education program for students who are married, pregnant or parents.


Hawaii

Last Updated: 8/25/2009

State Board of Education Policy 2140 (2002) states, The Department of Education shall encourage and facilitate pregnant and parenting students to graduate from high school and shall offer a variety of pregnant/parenting student programs to meet the diverse needs of these students."


Iowa

Last Updated: 11/30/2008

Iowa has no state law or administrative rule that specifically addresses attendance for pregnant or parenting students, nor does the state require districts to offer alternative programs for such students. However, the school accreditation standards, 281 IAC 12.5(13) requires each district to provide for the needs of at-risk students.


Idaho

Last Updated: 1/9/2006

No state policy.


Illinois

Last Updated: 10/24/2006

As outlined in 105 ILCS 5/26-1 (1996), pregnant or parenting students in Illinois are not exempt from attendance, except in cases where a student is unable to attend school due to a complication arising from pregnancy, which must be certified by a physician. The state does not require districts to offer alternative programs for pregnant or parenting students.


Indiana

Last Updated: 1/16/2006

No state policy. However, Indiana offers grants for alternative programs that may serve pregnant or parenting students.


Kansas

Last Updated: 11/20/2011

Kansas has no state law or administrative rule that addresses attendance for pregnant or parenting students, nor does the state require districts to offer alternative programs for such students. However, Statutes 72-3603 (1990) and 72-3607 (1990) provide funding guidelines for local parent education programs.


Kentucky

Last Updated: 1/16/2006

No state policy.


Louisiana

Last Updated: 1/16/2006

No state policy.


Massachusetts

Last Updated: 1/21/2006

No state policy.


Maryland

Last Updated: 11/23/2011

Maryland has no state law or administrative rule that addresses attendance for pregnant or parenting students. However, the state requires districts to offer alternative programs for such students under Regulation 13A.08.01.06 (1991) Educational Programs for Pregnant Girls.


Maine

Last Updated: 1/16/2006

No state policy.


Michigan

Last Updated: 12/19/2012

Administrative Code 340 Sections 1121-1124 (1979) states that a pregnant student may withdraw from school upon written request from her parent or legal guardian. The request must also include a certificate by a physician that continued attendance might adversely affect her health or that of her child. The student is required to comply with the compulsory school attendance law following the birth of the baby, unless otherwise certified by a physician. The state does not require districts to offer alternative programs for pregnant or parenting students. However, the state does not permit it, and should a pregnant student apply to such a program they must be accepted.

MCL 388.1709 (2011) provides legal requirements for homebound and hospitalized students. Educational agencies must treat pregnancy, childbirth, false pregnancy, termination of pregnancy, and recovery there from in the same manner and under the same policies as any other eligible medical condition. The law requires a district or agency to provide homebound/hospitalized instruction services to enrolled students who are certified by the student’s attending physician, hospital or licensed treatment facility as having a medical condition that requires the student to be hospitalized or to be confined to the home during regular school hours for a period longer than five (5) or more school days. The State Department of Education provides guidance on this requirement. [note this is a change in policy and NWLC has talked about this change in depth on their website: [http://www.nwlc.org/our-blog/justice-pregnant-and-parenting-students-michigan]


Minnesota

Last Updated: 1/22/2006

No state policy.


Missouri

Last Updated: 11/27/2011

Revised Statute 167.273 (1990) makes available additional state aid to local school districts for a program of parent education established in one or more high school that service pregnant teens and teen parents enrolled as pupils in the district. Revised Statute 167.270 (2002) encourages districts to offer alternative programs for pregnant or parenting students.


Mississippi

Last Updated: 1/22/2006

No state policy.


Montana

Last Updated: 1/22/2006

No state policy.


North Carolina

Last Updated: 12/31/2007

Statute §115C-375.5 (2006) requires that pregnant and parenting students receive the same educational instruction as other students.  It instructs local districts to adopt policies ensuring that pregnant or parenting students are not discriminated against or excluded from any program, class or extracurricular activity.  The policy also must allow for excused absences for pregnancy and related conditions and illness of a custodial child.  In addition, the local policy must address homework, make up work and the availability of a homebound teacher to minimize falling behind from absences.


North Dakota

Last Updated: 1/30/2006

No state policy.


Nebraska

Last Updated: 6/11/2009

Statute 79-2,116 (no date available) forbids educational institutions from applying any rule which discriminates on the basis of the pregnancy of a person or the condition of being a parent.


New Hampshire

Last Updated: 1/29/2006
No state policy.

New Jersey

Last Updated: 9/16/2009

State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:7-1.7(a)6 (2008) requires school districts to assure equity by, among other requirements, “Ensuring that a student is not discriminated against because of a medical condition.  A student shall not be excluded from any education program or activity because of a long-term medical condition unless a physician certifies that such exclusion is necessary.

If excluded, the student shall be provided with equivalent and timely instruction that may include home instruction, without prejudice or penalty.”  New Jersey does not have a state law or administrative rule that specifically addresses attendance for pregnant or parenting students, nor does the state require districts to offer alternative programs for such students.  The state also does not have any laws prohibiting teachers or counselors from discussing any specific topics with students.


New Mexico

Last Updated: 1/29/2006

No state policy.


Nevada

Last Updated: 12/5/2006

Nevada has no state law or administrative rule that addresses attendance for pregnant or parenting students, nor does the state require districts to offer alternative programs for such students. The state also does not have any laws prohibiting teachers or counselors from discussing any specific topics with students. School districts may provide alternative programs for pupils at risk of dropping out of high school, including pregnant of parenting students per NRS 388.537 (2001).


New York

Last Updated: 1/29/2006

New York has no state law or administrative rule that addresses attendance for pregnant or parenting students, nor does the state require districts to offer alternative programs for such students. However, the state does provide funding guidelines for local parent education programs.


Ohio

Last Updated: 1/30/2006

No state policy.


Oklahoma

Last Updated: 1/30/2006

No state policy.


Oregon

Last Updated: 1/30/2006

ORS 336.640 (2001) states that no pregnant or parenting student shall be excluded from public schools solely on the basis of pregnancy or parenthood. Further, it requires local districts to provide alternative programs and services to pregnant or parenting students, including counseling, life skills and parenting education, childcare, transportation, career development, and health and nutrition services. Local school districts must also provide schedules that address the individual needs of pregnant and parenting students.


Pennsylvania

Last Updated: 2/18/2006
24 P.S. §13-1327 (2003) allows a local board of education to excuse attendance if it is harmful to the physical or mental health of the pregnant or parenting student.

Rhode Island

Last Updated: 2/18/2006

No state policy.


South Carolina

Last Updated: 2/18/2006

No state policy.


South Dakota

Last Updated: 1/12/2013

South Dakota has no state law or administrative rule that addresses attendance for pregnant or parenting students. The state may, however, offer day-care for children of enrolled students outlined in Statute 13-8-39.2 (1989).


Tennessee

Last Updated: 2/5/2012

Tennessee attendance policies are the same for all students. Code  49-6-3002 (1990) requires education services to be provided to homebound or hospitalized students. The state does not require districts to offer alternative programs for such students as they are to be served in the regular program.


Texas

Last Updated: 2/18/2006

No state policy.


Utah

Last Updated: 2/18/2006

No state policy.


Virginia

Last Updated: 2/18/2006

No state policy.


Vermont

Last Updated: 7/23/2009

16 VSA 1073 (2009) does not allow any a married, pregnant or postpartum pupil to be deprived or denied the opportunity to participate in elementary or secondary education. It also requires the commissioner of education to pay for the educational costs for a pregnant or parenting pupil to attend a state board approved teen parent education program in a 24-hour residential facility for up to 8 months after the birth of a child.


Washington

Last Updated: 2/19/2006

No state policy.


Wisconsin

Last Updated: 10/10/2011

Statute 115.915 (1991) requires school districts to make program modifications and services available to a pregnant or parenting student that will allow her or him to continue her or his education. Code PI 19 (1986) provides program guidelines school district must follow in order to receive supplemental aid for specialized services to pregnant and parenting students. Statute 118.15 (2001) allows students to enroll in high school equivalency programs or alternative programs provided by the district or in educational programs outside of the district.


West Virginia

Last Updated: 4/30/2009

Board Policy 4321.1 (2004) requires the provision of additional foods for pregnant or lactating students. Details are provided in the policy.


Wyoming

Last Updated: 2/19/2006

No state policy.


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