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Playground/Facility Safety

Alaska

Last Updated: 1/2/2006
No state policy.

Alabama

Last Updated: 1/1/2006

No state policy.


Arkansas

Last Updated: 1/2/2006

No state policy.


Arizona

Last Updated: 1/2/2006

No state policy.


California

Last Updated: 2/26/2009

Education Codes 100420, 100620, and 100820 (2002) allows school districts to use funds allocated for school modernization for the purchase of equipment or furniture to increase school security or playground safety. Education Code 17074.25 (1998) also allows a modernization apportionment to be used for playground safety improvements. Health and Safety Code 104495 prohibits the smoking of any tobacco product or the disposal of tobacco-related waste within 25 feet of a playground or tot lot sandbox area.


Colorado

Last Updated: 1/2/2006

No state policy.


Connecticut

Last Updated: 1/2/2006

No state policy.


Delaware

Last Updated: 1/2/2006

No state policy.


Florida

Last Updated: 4/23/2013

Statute 1003.02 (2007) requires the district school board to select and purchase playground areas of adequate size located at centers at which schools are to be constructed. Florida Building Code Section 423.10.05 establishes minimum safety standards for the construction of new playgrounds. Included in this section is the adoption of the “Handbook for Public Playground Safety” by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, and ASTM/CPSC “Playground Audit Guide.” Playgrounds are required to be inspected yearly and meet the minimum requirements of the State Requirements for Educational Facilities Section 5(2)(k).


Georgia

Last Updated: 1/9/2006

No state policy.


Hawaii

Last Updated: 1/2/2006

No state policy.


Iowa

Last Updated: 11/25/2008

Code 300.1 (2005) allows school districts to establish and maintain public recreation places and playgrounds for children and adults in the public school buildings and grounds.


Idaho

Last Updated: 2/28/2013
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Statute 33-1613 (no date available) requires each school district to require independent inspection of the district's school facilities, including playgrounds and athletic fields, at least once every school year to address safety and health standards for facilities.


Illinois

Last Updated: 12/15/2008

105 ILCS 5/2-3.12 (2008) requires school boards to maintain and operate every facility under their jurisdiction in full and continuous compliance with the Health Life Safety Code for Public Schools. Includes requirements for building permits/certificates of occupancy, annual inspections by the regional superintendent, annual fire safety inspections by qualified fire officials, and decennial inspections by licensed architects or engineers.


Indiana

Last Updated: 1/16/2006
No state policy.

Kansas

Last Updated: 11/20/2011

Statute 72-1625 (1951) authorizes city boards of education to purchase or lease grounds to establish and maintain playgrounds in and on the grounds of public school buildings.


Kentucky

Last Updated: 5/23/2013

No state policy.


Louisiana

Last Updated: 1/16/2006

RS 17:223 (1988) allows every teacher to hold pupils strictly accountable for any disorderly conduct in school, on the playground of the school, on any school bus going to or returning from school, or during recess.


Massachusetts

Last Updated: 1/21/2006

No state policy.


Maryland

Last Updated: 1/16/2006

No state policy.


Maine

Last Updated: 1/16/2006
No state policy.

Michigan

Last Updated: 1/21/2006

MCL §408.686 (1998) makes school districts responsible for the maintenance, repair, and upkeep of the public playground equipment that it owns and operates. MCL §408.684 (2002) outlines the standards for public playground equipment and MCL §408.683 and §408.687 (1998) determine responsibility for state civil infractions of public playground equipment.


Minnesota

Last Updated: 3/21/2007

No state policy.


Missouri

Last Updated: 8/27/2008

Revised Statute 177.101 (1977) allows the school board to establish and maintain playgrounds for use of the public school district. The board may lease or purchase additional grounds for this purpose and must have full custody and control of the playground including policing and preservation.

Revised Statute 167.117 (2000) requires the principal to immediately report to law enforcement officials and to the superintendent any instance of when a pupil has a weapon in his/her possession or placed elsewhere on school premises including the school playground or parking lot.


Mississippi

Last Updated: 11/27/2006

State Board Policy CRB-3 (2001) renames Accreditation Bulletin171 as Mississippi Public School Accountability Standards, the current accreditation policy. State Department Process Standards 36 evaluates school districts facilities, safe and orderly schools as one of the Process Standards that all state school districts are required to be in compliance with to maintain their accreditation by the State Department of Education through the Commission on School Accreditation.


Montana

Last Updated: 1/22/2006

No state policy.


North Carolina

Last Updated: 5/22/2008
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Statute 115C-46 (2006) requires local boards of education to prohibit the purchase or acceptance of chromated copper arsenate-treated wood for future use on school grounds.   Existing arsenic-treated wood must be sealed or removed according to guidelines established under Statute 115C-12(34) (2006). Local boards of education are encouraged to test the soil on school grounds for contamination caused by the leaching of arsenic-treated wood. Statute 115C-12(34) requires the State Board of Education to develop guidelines for sealing existing arsenic-treated wood in playground equipment or establish a time line for removing existing arsenic-treated wood on playgrounds and testing the soil on school grounds for arsenic contamination.


North Dakota

Last Updated: 12/27/2011

Code 15.1-06-06 and code 15.1-06-09 (no date available) requires an inspection of each school by the state fire marshal (or designee) at least once every three years to assure the school is in compliance with all local and state health, fire, and safety laws.


Nebraska

Last Updated: 12/21/2011

Rule 92 NAC 10-011.01A (no date available) requires, Each school system [to] maintain safe, healthful, and sanitary conditions on the school grounds".


New Hampshire

Last Updated: 1/29/2006

No state policy.


New Jersey

Last Updated: 9/16/2009

Playground Safety: State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.AC. 6A:26-6.3(e) provides that all construction or alterations of playgrounds, playground equipment and surfacing must comply with the playground safety subcode of the Uniform Construction Code (UCC) at N.J.A.C.5:23-11, and with N.J.A.C. 5:23-7, the barrier free subcode of the UCC.

Facility Safety: State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:26-6.3 provides that school construction shall be done in accordance with the UCC, except enhancements are required pursuant to that section in the following areas: general design and construction, entrances and exits, environment, safety, electrical power and communications, lighting, and plumbing.  State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:26-6.4 provides all additional requirements that pertain to the design and construction of school facilities housing preschool students.


New Mexico

Last Updated: 1/29/2006

No state policy.


Nevada

Last Updated: 1/25/2006

No state policy.


New York

Last Updated: 1/29/2006

No state policy.


Ohio

Last Updated: 1/30/2006
ORC §3707.70, per SB 121, (2003) requires the board of health to remove and correct all conditions that are detrimental to the health or well-being upon school property, including playgrounds, and appoint registered sanitarians as school inspectors as necessary.

Oklahoma

Last Updated: 1/30/2006

No state policy.


Oregon

Last Updated: 1/30/2006

No state policy.


Pennsylvania

Last Updated: 2/18/2006

No state policy.


Rhode Island

Last Updated: 2/13/2013
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Section 40.0 of the Rules and Regulations for School Health (2009) requires all playgrounds to be maintained and operated in a safe manner at all times and must comply with the guidelines of the most recent version of the Handbook for Public Playground Safety issued by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.


South Carolina

Last Updated: 4/8/2012

Regulation 61-42, Section XVI (no date available) requires playground equipment to be maintained to protect the public's health and prevent hazards to students' health.


South Dakota

Last Updated: 2/18/2006

No state policy.


Tennessee

Last Updated: 2/18/2006

No state policy.


Texas

Last Updated: 10/1/2010

Education Code 37.207 states that the Texas School Safety Center must develop a model safety and security audit procedure for school districts (for use in accordance with the safety audit requirements of Education Code 37.108).  Education Code 37.2051 requires the Center to develop security criteria that school districts may consider in the design of instructional facilities.  Education Code 46.0081 requires school districts that construct new instructional facilities or conduct a major renovation of existing facilities to consider the security criteria developed by the Center.


Utah

Last Updated: 2/18/2006

No state policy.


Virginia

Last Updated: 2/18/2006

Although it is not specific to school playgrounds, 22VAC15-30-410 (1998) does declare that playgrounds shall be located and designed to protect children from hazards.


Vermont

Last Updated: 2/18/2006

No state policy.


Washington

Last Updated: 3/11/2009

Playgrounds: No state policy specifically addressing playgrounds.

Facility: WAC 246-366-140 (1990) requires the secretary in cooperation with the state superintendent of public instruction to review potentially hazardous conditions in schools which are in violation of good safety practices. They must jointly prepare a guide for use by department personnel during routine school inspections in identifying violations of good safety practices.

Facility safety policies include building plan review and construction (RCW 70.79, RCW 70.05, RCW 43.20, RCW 19.28 and RCW 19.27.097); water supply (RCW 90.44 and RCW 18.104); waste management (RCW 70.05); food service (RCW 70.05, WAC 246-215 and 246-366-130); shop safety (RCW 70.05, WAC 246-366-140); chemicals (RCW 70.05, WAC 246-366-140 and WISHA standards), fire safety (RCW 28A.305.130) and portables (RCW 43.22 and RCW 70.05).

 


Wisconsin

Last Updated: 3/26/2013

SB 200 prohibits a public, private or charter school from knowingly purchasing, using or storing freeflowing elemental mercury for any purpose, or, with certain exceptions, from knowingly purchasing, using, or storing a mercury-containing compound or an instrument or an measuring device containing mercury.


West Virginia

Last Updated: 2/19/2006

No state policy.


Wyoming

Last Updated: 2/19/2006

No state policy.


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