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New: National Guidelines
Last Updated: 1/5/2011
Bullying/Harassment: Statute 14.33.200 (2006) requires the Department of Education to provide a model policy for harassment, intimidation and bullying to school districts. Based on this, districts are required to adopt a policy prohibiting harassment, intimidation and bullying of any student and share the policy with parents or guardians, students, volunteers and school employees. Statute 14.33.210 (2006) requires each school district to report all incidences involving harassment, intimidation or bullying to the Department of Education, which will then report it to the state legislature. Statute 14.33.220 states that a school employee, student or volunteer may not engage in reprisal, retaliation, or false accusation against a victim or a witness. It also encourages reporting of any harassment incidences to the appropriate school official. Statute 14.33.230 (2006) provides immunity to any school employee, student or volunteer who promptly reports an incident of harassment, intimidation or bullying to an appropriate school official.
Last Updated: 1/5/2011
Bullying/Harassment: HB216 (2009) defines harassment as a continuous pattern of intentional behavior that takes place on school property, on a school bus, or at a school-sponsored function. This includes, but is not limited to, written, electronic, verbal or physical acts that are reasonably perceived as being motivated by any characteristic of a student, or by the association of a student with an individual who has a particular characteristic defined in the local board’s model policy. Different categories of harassment in the school environment are outlined in the statute. The statute prohibits harassment, intimidation, violence and states that no student should be subjected to such treatment. It prohibits reprisal, retaliation or false accusation against a victim, or other person who has reliable information about an act of harassment, violence or threat of violence. HB216 (2009) states that it is the sole responsibility of the affected student, or parent or guardian of the affected student, to report incidences of harassment to the principal or his or her designee.
Last Updated: 3/27/2012
Bullying/Harassment: Code 6-18-514 (2007) requires local school boards to adopt policies to prevent bullying and pupil harassment. The statute provides clear definitions of the following terms to be used by local school boards: bullying, electronic acts, harassment and substantial disruption. Local policies shall include a clear definition of conduct that constitutes bullying (as defined in the statute) and prohibit bullying while in school, on school equipment or property, in school vehicles, on school buses, at designated school bus stops, at school-sponsored activities, and at school-sanctioned events. In addition, the policy shall prohibit bullying by an electronic act that results in the substantial disruption of the orderly operation of the school or educational environment" (cyberbullying). The policy shall apply to the electronic act whether or not it originated on school property or with school equipment, if it is directed specifically at students or school personnel and maliciously intended for the purpose of disrupting school, and has a high likelihood of succeeding in that purpose."
Last Updated: 3/27/2012
Bullying/Harassment: ARS 15-341 (2005) requires the governing board to prescribe and enforce policies and procedures that prohibit pupils from harassing, intimidating or bullying other pupils on school grounds, on school property, on school buses, at school bus stops, and at school sponsored events and activities.The policy must include procedures for confidential reporting to school officials, a requirement that school district employees report suspected incidents, a formal process for the documentation of reports, a formal process for invetigagion of suspected incidences, disciplinary procedures for pupils who have admitted to or been found to have committed incidents, consequences for false reports of incidents, and procedures designed to protect the health and safety of pupils who are physically harmed as the result of incidents.
Last Updated: 3/28/2012
Bullying/Harassment: Education Code 32261 (1985) states that all pupils enrolled in a classroom have the inalienable right to attend classes on school campuses that are safe, secure and peaceful. It encourages school districts to develop and implement interagency strategies, in-service training programs, and activities that will improve school attendance and reduce school crime and violence, including vandalism, drug and alcohol abuse, gang membership, gang violence, hate crimes, bullying, including bullying committed personally or by means of an electronic act, teen relationship violence, and discrimination and harassment, including, but not limited to, sexual harassment.
Last Updated: 3/28/2012
Bullying/Harassment: Code 22-32-109.1 (2011) defines and prohibits bullying and requires district boards of education to adopt and implement a safe school plan. The plan must include a conduct and discipline code, which must include a dress code and a policy concerning bullying prevention and education. The policy must incorporate the biennial survey of students’ impressions of the severity of bullying in their school, character building, and the identification of a team at the school to advise the administration on the severity and frequency of bullying. Each policy must establish disciplinary consequences for those students who bully others and those who take retaliatory actions against a student who reports an incident. The statute also requires each public school to annually submit a written report concerning the learning environment in the school. A compilation of the report must be submitted to the department of education. Requirements of the report are outlined in the statute.
Code 22-30.5-116 requires charter schools to adopt and implement a policy regarding bullying prevention and education. The requirements of the policy are outlined in the statute. Code 20-30.5-505 requires the charter school institute to adopt and implement a policy regarding bullying prevention and education. Code 22-30.5-521 requires each charter school to implement the policy of the institute.
Last Updated: 5/16/2013
Bullying/Harassment: Public Act 11-232 (2011) requires each local and regional board of education to develop a district Safe School Climate Plan addressing the existence of bullying in schools. The Plan shall: (1) design anonymous procedures for students to report acts of bullying to school employees; (2) construct procedures for parents or guardians to file written reports of suspected bullying; (3) require school personnel to notify school administrators and the Safe School Climate Specialist when acts of bullying or written reports of bullying are received; (4) require the Safe School Climate Specialist to investigate the written reports; (5) incorporate intervention and prevention strategies for school employees to deal with bullying; (6) include language about bullying in student codes of conduct; require the notification of parents or guardians of the bullies and the victims of bullies to be notified not later than 48 hours after the incident is verified; (7) require schools to keep a log of the number of verified incidents of bullying for public reporting purposes; direct the development of case-by-case interventions for addressing repeated incidents of bullying against a single individual or by the same individual; (8) invite the parents or guardians of students who commit any verified acts of bullying and the parents or guardians of students against whom such acts were directed to communicate to them the measures being taken by the school to ensure student's safety and prevent further acts of bullying; (9) prohibit discrimination and retaliation against an individual who reports an act of bullying, prohibit the continuation and perpetuation of bullying through the dissemination of hurtful or demeaning material by any other student; (10) require the principal of a school, or the principal's designee, to notify the appropriate local law enforcement agency when they believe that any act of bullying constitute criminal conduct; (11) prohibit bullying on school grounds at a school-sponsored or school-related activity, function or program, whether on or off school grounds, at a school bus stop, on a school bus or other vehicle owned, leased or used by a local or regional board of education, or through the use of an electronic device or an electronic mobile device; (12) include provisions addressing bullying outside of the school setting under certain circumstances; and (13) require each school to post the District Safe School Climate Plan on the district’s website within 30 days of Board of Education approval.
SB1138 (2011) requires the Department of Education to provide annual training to school employees on the prevention, intervention and response to school bullying.
District of Columbia
Last Updated: 4/28/2013
Sec. 4 of the Youth Bullying Prevention Act of 2010 requires the creation of bullying prevention policies by educational institutions that are enforced: on property (including electronic communication), at sponsored functions, on sponsored transportation, and through electronic communication to the extent that it is directed at a youth and is substantially interferes with the youth’s ability to participate in or benefit from the services, activities, or privileges provided by the educational institution. Each policy must contain: the definition of bullying provided in the Act, a statement prohibiting bullying, a statement that the policy applies to functions sponsored by the educational institution, the expected code of conduct, and a list of consequences for violating the policy (possible actions are identified), a procedure for reporting bullying or an act of retaliation for reporting bullying, a procedure for prompt investigation, an appeal process, and a statement that prohibits retaliation against any person that reports bullying. These policies must be submitted to the task force for review. Additionally, information on the bullying prevention policy must be incorporated into new employee training and each educational institution shall develop a plan for publicizing the policy.
Last Updated: 7/30/2012
Bullying/Harassment: 2008 Bullying Prevention Law defines bullying and requires each school district to prohibit bullying and reprisal, retaliation or false accusation against a target, witness or one with reliable information about an act of bullying. The Act requires each school district and charter school to establish a policy which includes the following components: (1) A statement prohibiting bullying on school property, at school functions, or by the use of data or computer software accessed through a computer, system, network or other electronic technology of a school district, (2) A definition of bullying no less inclusive than that in the Act, (3) Direction to develop a school-wide bullying prevention program, (4) A requirement that each school establish a committee responsible for the coordination of the school's bullying prevention program, (5) A requirement for school employees to report information regarding suspected targets of bullying, (6) A plan for a system of supervision in non-classroom areas, (7) Consequences for bullying and a statement prohibiting retaliation following a report, (8) A requirement for parental notification and procedures for a student and parent, guardian or caregiver to provide information on bullying activity, (9) A requirement that incidents must be reported to the Department of Education within five working days, regardless of whether or not the school could substantiate the incidents (10) Procedures for communization between school staff members and medical professionals involved in treating students for bullying issues, and (11) A requirement that the school bullying prevention program be implemented throughout the year, and integrated with the school's discipline policies. The Act requires the Department of Education to develop a model policy for school districts to follow. It also provides immunity to individuals involved in reporting acts of bullying in the school environment. It also requires the Department of Education to conduct random audits of schools to determine compliance with the law.
Last Updated: 4/23/2013
Bullying/Harassment: Statute 1006.147 (2008) prohibits bullying or harassment of any student or employee of a public K-12 educational institution. during any program or activity conducted by a public K-12 educational institution, during any school-related or school-sponsored program or activity, or through the use of data or computer software accessed through a computer, computer system or network of a public K-12 educational institution. Specific definitions of bullying and harassment are outlined in the statute. Statute 1006.147 (2008) provides immunity from a cause of action to a school employee, school volunteer, student, or parent who promptly reports in good faith an act of bullying or harassment to the appropriate school official.
Last Updated: 7/1/2010
Bullying/Harassment: SB250 (2010) describes bullying as an act that occurs on school property, on school vehicles, at designated bus stops, or at school related functions or activities, or by use of data or software that is accessed through a computer, computer system, computer network or other electronic technology. Definitions of bullying are included in the statute, including written, verbal and physical acts which a reasonable person would perceive as being intended to threaten, harass, or intimidate that (1) causes another person substantial physical harm or visible bodily harm, (2) has the effect of substantially disrupting the orderly operation of the school or interfering with a student’s education, or (3) is so severe, persistent, or pervasive that it creates an intimidating or threatening educational environment. It requires each local board of education to adopt policies prohibiting bullying in grades 6-12 and include them in the student code of conduct. It requires local board policies to require a student that has committed bullying three times in a school year to be assigned to an alternative school. Local school boards must adopt a policy requiring notification to the parent, guardian or other person in charge of a student of a bullying offense as a victim or perpetrator.
Last Updated: 3/30/2012
Bullying/Harassment: Education Rule 8-19-6 (2009) prohibits bullying and harassment by any student in the public school system during school hours, on school premises, or during department-supervised activities on or off school property. Violation of this policy constitutes a Class B offense. Education Rule 8-19-13 (2001) extends the same policy to summer school, violation resulting in dismissal from summer school.
HRS 302A (2011) cyberbullying is defined as an act or acts exhibited by one student or group of students to another student or group of students that (1) are conveyed by electronic transmission via the Internet, a cell phone, a PDA or a wireless hand-held device, (2) cause mental or physical harm to the student or group of students that receives the electronic transmission; and (3) are sufficiently severe, persistent, or pervasive to create an intimidating, threatening, or abusive educational environment. The cyberbullying policy HRS 302A applies to electronic technology usage and electronic communications that occur on all public elementary and secondary school premises, at any school-sponsored functions or activities, on school-sponsored functions or activities, on school-sponsored transportation, and on school computers, networks, forums and mailing lists.
Last Updated: 3/30/2012
Bullying/Harassment: Code 280.28 (2007) requires school districts and accredited nonpublic schools to adopt a policy declaring harassment and bullying in schools, on school property, and at any school function, or school-sponsored activity regardless of its location, as against state and school policy. Bullying and harassment is defined as follows: any electronic, written, verbal, or physical act or conduct toward a student which is based on any actual or perceived trait or characteristic of the student and which creates an objectively hostile school environment that meets one or more of the criteria outlined in the statute.The statement must include the following provisions: (1) A statement that school employees, volunteers, and students in school, on school property, or at any school function or school sponsored activity shall not engage in harassing and bullying behavior or reprisal, retaliation, or false accusation against a victim, witness, or an individual who has reliable information about an act of harassment or bullying, (2) A definition of harassment and bullying as set forth in the Act, (3) A description of the type of behavior expected relative to prevention measures, reporting, and investigation of harassment or bullying, (4) The consequences and appropriate remedial action for a person who violates the policy, (5) Procedures for reporting an act of harassment or bullying, (6) Procedures for the prompt investigation of complaints, and (7) A statement of the manner in which the policy will be publicized.
The Department of Education 's sample Policy on Student Bullying & Harassment prohibits harassment, bullying, hazing, or any other victimization based on real or perceived race, sex, creed, color, national origin, religion, marital status, disability, sexual orientation, physical appearance, and/or personality characteristics".
281 IAC 12.3(6) (2001) requires school boards to adopt student responsibility and discipline policies, which must address the harassment of or by students and staff. Code 19B.12 (2005) prohibits any state employee from sexually harassing another state employee or a person attending a state educational institution.
Last Updated: 2/28/2013
Bullying/Harassment: State Board of Education Administrative Rule 08.02.03.160 (page 33) requires school districts to have comprehensive policies and procedures that address student harassment. Statute 18-917a (2006) prohibits students from harassing, intimidating or bullying another student. "Harassment, intimidation or bullying" is defined as any intentional gesture, or any intentional written, verbal or physical act or threat that will harm a student, damage their property, place a student in reasonable fear of harm or damage to his/her property. Acts of harassment, intimidation or bullying may be committed in person or through the phone or computer. Statute 33-205 (no date available) allows a superintendent to suspend a student for bullying, harassment or intimidation. Statute 33-512 (no date available) requires the board of trustees of each district to prescribe rules for student discipline for acts of harassment, intimidation and bullying.
Last Updated: 7/16/2010
Bullying/Harassment: 105 ILCS 5/27-23.7 (2010) defines bullying and prohibits it in the school environment on the basis of actual or perceived race, color, religion, sex, national origin, ancestry age, marital status, physical or mental disability, military status, sexual orientation, gender-related identity or expression, unfavorable discharge from military service, association with a person or group with one or more of the aforementioned actual or perceived characteristics, or any other distinguishing characteristic. No student shall be subject to bullying during any school-sponsored education program or activity, while in school, on school property, on school buses or other school vehicles, at designated school bus stops waiting for the bus, at schools-sponsored or school-sanctioned events or activities, or through the transmission of information from a school computer, school computer network or other similar electronic school equipment. Bullying make take various forms, including without limitation one or more of the following: harassment, threats, intimidation, stalking, physical violence, sexual harassment, sexual violence, theft, public humiliation, destruction of property, or retaliation for asserting or alleging an act of bullying.
Cyberbullying: 105 ILCS 5/27-23.7 (2010) prohibits bullying (as defined in the statute) in the school environment and includes in its definition of bullying electronic communications. Bullying is specifically prohibited through the transmission of information from a school computer, a school computer network, or other similar electronic school equipment.
Last Updated: 3/30/2012
Bullying/Harassment: Code 20-33-8-0.2 (2005) defines bullying as overt, repeated acts or gestures, including: verbal or written communications, physical acts committed and any other behaviors committed by a student or group of students with the intent to harass, ridicule, humiliate, intimidate or harm the other student. Code 20-33-8-13.5 (2005) requires schools to adopt policies prohibiting bullying on school grounds immediately before or during school hours, immediately after school hours, or at any other time when the school is being used by a school group, off school grounds at a school activity, function, or event, traveling to or from school or a school activity, function, or event, or using property or equipment provided by the school. Policies must also include provisions concerning education, parental involvement, reporting, investigation, and intervention.
Dating Violence: Code 20-19-3-10 (2010) requires the Department of Education to develop a model policy for dating violence response and reporting.
Last Updated: 11/20/2011
Bullying/Harassment: KSA Supp 72-8256 (2008) defines bullying and requires each board of education of each school district to adopt and implement a plan to eliminate bullying. Districts are required to have a written policy prohibiting bullying on school property or at school sponsored events. The policy must include the following: (1) A statement prohibiting bullying on school property or at school events, (2) A definition of bullying not less than that outlined in KSA Supp 72-8256 (2008), (3) Procedures for reporting bullying incidents, (4) A requirement for school personnel to report bullying incidents, (5) A requirement of notification to parents or guardians of students involved in an incident, (6) Procedures for documentation of reported incidents and responding to and investigating reported incidents, (7) A strategy for protecting victims from additional bullying and/or retaliation, (8) Disciplinary procedures for any student guilty of bullying, and (9) A requirement for confidentiality for any reported act of bullying.
KSA Supp 72-8256 (2008) requires local boards of education to annually survey students regarding acts of bullying in the school environment. The information collected must be reported to the state department of education.
Hazing: Although there is not state policy addressing hazing in schools, Statute 21-3434 (1993) classifies the promoting or permitting of hazing as a Class B non-person misdemeanor.
Last Updated: 5/22/2013
Bullying/Harassment: KRS 525.070 (2008) states that a person is guilty of harassment when, with the intent to intimidate, harass, annoy or alarm another person, he or she, being enrolled as a student in a local school district, and while on school premises, on school-sponsored transportation, or at a school-sponsored event, the student does one of the following: (a) strikes, shoves, kicks, or otherwise subjects him to physical contact; (b) attempts or threatens to strike, shove, kick, or otherwise subject the person to physical contact; (c) in a public place, makes an offensively coarse utterance, gesture, or display, or addresses abusive language to any person present; (d) Follows a person in or about a public place or places; (e) Engages in a course of conduct or repeatedly commits acts which alarm or seriously annoy such other person and which serve no legitimate purpose; or (f) Being enrolled as a student in a local school district, and while on school premises, on school-sponsored transportation, or at a school-sponsored event: 1. Damages or commits a theft of the property of another student; 2. Substantially disrupts the operation of the school; or 3. Creates a hostile environment by means of any gestures, written communications, oral statements, or physical acts that a reasonable person under the circumstances should know would cause another student to suffer fear of physical harm, intimidation, humiliation, or embarrassment.
Cyberbullying: KRS 525.080 (2008), detailed above, includes communication via the Internet or other form of electronic communication in its definition of harassing communication.
Hazing: No state policy addressing elementary or secondary schools.
Last Updated: 3/30/2012
Bullying/Harassment: RS 17:416.13 (2001) requires each local public school board to adopt and include into the student code of conduct a policy prohibiting the harassment, intimidation, and bullying of a student by another student.
Last Updated: 5/17/2011
Bullying/Harassment: General Laws Chapter 71 (2010) defines bullying as “the repeated use by one or more students of a written, verbal or electronic expression or a physical act or gesture or any combination thereof, directed at a victim that: (i) causes physical or emotional harm to the victim or damage to the victim’s property; (ii) places the victim in reasonable fear of harm to himself or of damage to his property; (iii) creates a hostile environment at school for the victim; (iv) infringes on the rights of the victim at school; or (v) materially and substantially disrupts the education process or the orderly operation of a school.” The statute prohibits bullying on school grounds, property immediately adjacent to school grounds, at a school-sponsored or school-related activity, function or program whether on or off school grounds, at a school bus stop, on a school bus or other vehicle owned, leased or used by a school district or school or through the use of technology or an electronic device owned, leased or used by a school district or school. In addition, it prohibits bullying at a location, activity, function or program that is not school-related, or through the use of technology or an electronic device that is not owned, leased or used by a school district or school, if the bullying creates a hostile environment at school for the victim, infringes on the rights of the victim at school or materially and substantially disrupts the education process or the orderly operation of a school. It also prohibits retaliation against those reporting or providing information about bullying incidents.
Last Updated: 9/15/2010
Bullying/Harassment: State Board of Education Regulation 13A.01.04.03 (2003) states that, “All students in Maryland's public schools, without exception and regardless of race, ethnicity, region, religion, gender, sexual orientation, language, socioeconomic status, age, or disability, have the right to educational environments that are safe, appropriate for academic achievement, and free from any form of harassment”.
Last Updated: 12/13/2012
Bullying/Harassment: Sec 1.20-A MRSA Sec 254, 11-A (2012) requires the commissioner to develop a model policy to address bullying and cyberbullying. A copy of the model policy must be sent to each school administrative unit and posted on their website. In addition, the commissioner must create a procedure for reporting incidents of bullying or cyberbullying.
· Procedures for students, school staff, parents, guardians and others to report incidents of bullying including anonymous reporting of bullying;
· Procedures for prompt investigating and responding to incidents of bullying including written documentation of reported incidents and the outcome of the investigation;
· Procedures for appealing a decision to take or not take disciplinary action;
· Procedures to remediate any substantiated incident of bullying;
· Process to communicate measures being taken to ensure the safety of the targeted student and to prevent further acts of bullying.
· Procedures for alternative discipline including mediation, counseling, anger management and community service;
· Requires the annual dissemination of the written policy to students, parents, guardians, volunteers, administrators, teachers and school staff; posting of policy on the school administrative unit's publicly accessible website; and inclusion of the policy, in detail, to the student handbook;
· Procedures for addressing every substantiated incident of bullying;
· Provisions to provide professional development and staff training in the best approaches to implementing the anti-bullying policy.
Each school board shall annually provide the written policies and students, parents, volunteers, administrators, teachers and school staff. The policies and procedures must be posted on the school administrative unit's publicly accessible website and included in its student handbook.
The statute also requires that any contractor, visitor or volunteer who engages in bullying be barred from school grounds until the superintendent is assured that the person will comply with the bullying policy. In addition, it requires that any organization affiliated with the school that authorizes or engages in bullying or retaliation forfeits permission for that organization to operate on school grounds or receive any other benefit of affiliation with the school. Each school administrative unit must provide professional development and staff training in the implementation of the bullying policies.
Cyberbullying: Sec. 3. 20-A MRSA §6554 (2012) also defines bullying and cyberbullying and prohibits bullying on school grounds. Cyberbullying is defined as bullying through the use of technology or any electronic communication, including, but not limited to, a transfer of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data or intelligence of any nautre transmitted by the use of any electronic device, including, but not limited to, a computer, telephone, cellular telephone, text messaging device and personal digital assistant.
Last Updated: 12/19/2012
Bullying/Harassment : MCL 380.1310b (2011) defines bullying as “any written, verbal, or physical act, or any electronic communication, that is intended or that a reasonable person would know is likely to harm 1 or more pupils either directly or indirectly by doing any of the following: (1) Substantially interfering with educational opportunities, benefits, or programs of 1 or more pupils (2) Adversely affecting the ability of a pupil to participate in or benefit from the school district’s or public school’s educational programs or activities by placing the pupil in reasonable fear of physical harm or by causing substantial emotional distress.(3) Having an actual and substantial detrimental effect on a pupil’s physical or mental health. (4) Causing substantial disruption in, or substantial interference with, the orderly operation of the school.”
The State Board of Education has created a Model Anti-Bullying Policy for local boards of education to follow when developing their own anti-bullying plan.
Last Updated: 3/30/2012
Bullying/Harassment: Statute 121A.03 requires each school board to adopt a written harassment, intimidation and bullying and violence. The policy must prohibit bullying, intimidation, violence or a pattern of harassment against any person or group based on the actual or perceived characteristics of the person or group, or an association with a person or group, including electronic forms and those involving the internet. Statute 121A.0695 requires the policy policy must be conspicuously posted throughout each school building, given to district employees and independent contractors, and included in each school's student handbook. Each school must further develop a process for discussing the policy with students and employees. Added in 2005, the policy may encourage violence prevention and character development education programs to prevent and reduce policy violations. SB646 (2007) states that the intimidation and bullying policy required by 121A.0695 (2005) must address intimidation and bullying in all forms, including electronic forms and forms involving Internet use.
Cyberbullying: Statute 121A.03 (2009) states that the intimidation and bullying policy required by 121A.0695 (2005) must address intimidation and bullying in all forms, including electronic forms and forms involving Internet use.
Hazing: Statute 121A.69 (2003) requires each school board to adopt a written policy governing student or staff hazing that applies to student behavior on or off school property and during and after school hours. The policy must include reporting procedures and disciplinary consequences for violations, and must be included in the student handbook.
Last Updated: 3/30/2012
Bullying/Harassment:Revised statute 160.775 (2009) requires every district to adopt an antibullying policy. Policies must treat students equally, not contain specific lists of protected classes who are to receive special treatment, and must contain a statement of the consequences of bullying. Each district's policy must require district employees to report any instances of bullying which the employee has first hand knowledge and must address training of employees.
Cyberbullying: Revised Statute 160.775 (2009) includes states that bullying may consist of physical actions, or oral, including cyberbullying, electronic, or written communication, and any threat of retaliation for reporting of such acts. The statute requires every district to adopt an anti-bullying policy. Revised Statute 160.261 (2008) includes harassment as an "act of violence" that requires mandatory reporting by school administrators to the appropriate law enforcement agency. This includes knowingly frightening, intimidating or causing emotional distress to another person by anonymously making a telephone call or any electronic communication ("cyberbullying").
Hazing: No state policy addressing elementary or secondary schools.
Last Updated: 4/26/2010
Bullying/Harassment: SB2015 (2010) defines bullying as "any pattern of gestures or written, electronic or verbal communications, or any physical act or any threatening communication, or any act reasonably perceived as being motivated by any actual or perceived differentiating characteristic, that takes place on school property, any school-sponsored function or on a school bus." The act must (1) place the student or school employee in actual and reasonable fear of harm to his or her person or damage his or her property, or (2) Create or is certain to create a hostile environment by substantially interfering with a student's educational performance, opportunities or benefits. The statute defines hostile environment.
Last Updated: 12/17/2012
Bullying/Harassment: Administrative Rule 10.55.701 requires local school boards to have policy designed to address bullying, intimidation, and harassment of students and school personnel (2006). The policy must be in writing and available to the public. (2013). Administrative Rule 10.55.801 requires local school boards to develop policies and procedures promote an awareness of and concern for the well-being of others, and address bullying, intimidation, and harassment of students and school personnel (2013).
Last Updated: 9/16/2009
Bullying/Harassment: Statute 115C-407.5 (2009) defines bullying or harassing behavior and requires each local school administrative unit to adopt a policy prohibiting bullying or harassing behavior. The requirements of the policy are outlined in the statute. The statute defines bullying or harassing behavior as that which may place a student or school employee in actual and reasonable fear of harm to his or her person or damage to their property, create or is certain to create a hostile environment. It also states that bullying or harassing behavior includes "acts reasonably perceived as being motivated by any actual or perceived diffferentiating characteristic, such as race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, gender, socioeconomic status, academic status, gender identity, physical appearance, sexual orientation, or mental, physical, developmental or sensory disability, or by association with a person who has or is perceived to have one or more of these characteristics."
Last Updated: 12/27/2011
Bullying/Harassment: Code 15.1-19 defines bullying in the school environment and requires each school to adopt a policy providing that while at a public school, on school district premises, in a district owned or leased school bus or vehicle, or at any district sanctioned or sponsored activity or event, a student may not: (1) engage in bullying, reprisal or retaliation against a victim of bullying, an individual who witnesses or reports and alleged act of bullying, or an individual who provides information about an alleged act of bullying. The policy must:
(1) Include a definition of bullying that encompasses the conduct described in the statute
(2) Establish procedures for reporting and documenting alleged acts of bullying, reprisal, retaliation, and include procedures for anonymous reporting of such acts
(3) Establish procedures and timelines for school district personnel to follow in investigating reports of alleged bullying, reprisal or retaliation
(4) Establish a schedule for the retention of documents generated during a bullying investigation
(5) establish disciplinary measures applicable to an individual who engaged in bullying, reprisal or retaliation,
(6) Require notification of law enforcement personnel if an investigation results in a reasonable suspicion that a crime might have occurred,
(7) Establish strategies to protect a victim of bullying, reprisal or retaliation,
(8) Establish disciplinary measures to be imposed upon an individual who makes a false accusation, report or complaint pertaining to bullying, reprisal, or retaliation.
School districts must involve parents, school district employees, volunteers, students, school district administrators, law enforcement personnel, domestic violence sexual assault organizations and community representatives in the development of the policy.
Last Updated: 12/21/2011
Bullying/Harassment: Statute 79-267 (2008) requires schools to adopt a bullying policy by July 1, 2009. It defines bullying as any ongoing pattern of physical, verbal, or electronic abuse on school grounds, in a vehicle owned, leased, or contracted by a school being used for a school purpose by a school employee or his or her designee, or at school-sponsored activities or school-sponsored athletic events. It states that engaging in bullying and threatening or intimidating any other student for the purpose or intent of obtaining money or anything of value from that student is grounds for long-term suspension, expulsion, or mandatory reassignment. The use of violence, force, coercion, threat, or intimidation, or other such conduct that substantially interferes with school purposes is also forbidden under this statute.
Last Updated: 12/22/2011
Bullying/Harassment: RSA 193-F:2-5 (2010) defines bullying as “a single significant incident or a pattern of incidents involving a written, verbal, or electronic communication, or a physical act or gesture, or any combination thereof, directed at another pupil which (1) Physically harms a pupil or damages the pupil’s property; (2) Causes emotional distress to a pupil; (3) Interferes with a pupil’s educational opportunities; (4) Creates a hostile educational environment; or (5) Substantially disrupts the orderly operation of the school. The statute also provides definitions of bullying behavior, cyberbullying, electronic devices, perpetrator, school property, and victim. The statute states that bullying occurs when an action or communication as defined above occurs on, or is delivered to, school property or a school-sponsored activity or event on or off school property; or occurs off of school property or outside of a school-sponsored act or event, if the conduct interferes with a student’s educational opportunity or substantially disrupts the operations of the school or school-sponsored event or activity.
Last Updated: 1/22/2013
Bullying/Harassment: P.L.2010, c.122 (2011) defines harassment, intimidation and bullying and requires each school district to adopt a policy prohibiting harassment, intimidation or bullying (HIB) on school property, at a school-sponsored function, on a school bus and off school grounds. The policy must define and prohibit harassment, intimidation and bullying; identify expectations for student behavior and consequences and remedial action for students committing HIB acts; describe procedures for reporting, notifying parents of alleged offenders and victims and investigating acts; address chief school administrator actions and reports to the board of education; identify parent rights to investigation findings and board hearings; and address board of education determinations on the chief school administrator’s report; and the range of ways schools will respond. Response plans must include an appropriate combination of counseling, support services, intervention services, and other programs. It must include a prohibition against and consequences and remedial action for a person who engages in reprisal or retaliation and for false accusation as a means of retaliation or HIB. It must include a statement of how the policy is to be publicized. It must require that a link to the policy be posted on the homepage of the district’s website, and a requirement that contact information for the school anti-bullying specialists and district anti-bullying coordinators be posted on district and school websites. The policy must be reviewed and reevaluated annually. In addition, a school administrator who receives a report of harassment, intimidation, or bullying from a district employee, and fails to initiate or conduct an investigation, or should have known of an incident and fails to take sufficient action to minimize or eliminate it, may be subject of disciplinary action.
N.J.S.A. 18A:37-21 requires school districts to form a school safety team in each school in the district. The purpose of the team is to develop, foster and maintain a positive school climate. The requirements for meeting, team functions and membership are included in the statute.
N.J.S.A. 18A:17:46 requires school employees observing or having direct knowledge from a participant or victim of an act of violence to file a report of the incident with the school principal in a manner prescribed by the Commissioner, and a copy must be forwarded to the chief school administrator (CSA). The CSA must report twice each school year (between September 1 and January 1 and between January 1 and June 30) to the board of education at a public meeting all acts of violence, vandalism, harassment, intimidation and bullying that occurred during the previous reporting period. The report must break data down the information identified in the statute by each school in the district, in addition to district-wide data. The report will be used to grade the school district in comparison with other schools in the district. The grades of each school must be posted on the homepage of the district's website. The Commissioner of Education is required to develop guidelines for a program to grade each school assessing its effort to implement policies and programs consistent with P.L.2002, c.122. The grade received by each school and school district must be posted on the district’s websites.
N.J.S.A. 18A:37-17a requires school districts to annually establish, implement, document and assess HIB prevention programs, approaches or other initiatives involving school staff, students, administrators, volunteers, parents, law enforcement and community members designed to create school-wide conditions to prevent and address HIB. N.J.S.A. 18A:37-29 requires school districts to observe a Week of Respect during the week beginning with the first Monday in October of each year to recognize the importance of character education. N.J.S.A. 18A:37-29 also requires age-appropriate instruction on HIB prevention throughout the school year. N.J.S.A. 18A:40A-17(b) requires training on the HIB policy to be provided to full- and part-time employees, volunteers who have significant contact with students and persons contracted to provide services to students. N.J.S.A. 18A:40A-17(c) requires information regarding the bullying policies to be incorporated into a school's employee training program and provided to full- and part-time employees, volunteers who have significant contact with students and persons contracted to provide services to students. N.J.S.A. 18A:37-17(b) requires districts to develop a process for discussing the districts bullying and harassment policies with students. N.J.A.C. 18A:12-33 requires newly elected or appointed school board members to complete a training program on harassment, intimidation, and bullying in schools, including a school district's responsibilities. Board members are required to complete the program only once. N.J.S.A. 18A:26-8.2 requires school leaders (chief school administrator, principal, or supervisor endorsement) to complete training on issues of school ethics, school law and governance, which also must include information on the prevention of harassment, intimidation and bullying. N.J.S.A. 18A:37-22 requires all candidates for teaching certification and any person seeking certification through the alternate route to complete a program on HIB prevention. N.J.S.A. 18A:37-23 requires all candidates for administrative and supervisory certification to complete a program of HIB prevention. N.J.S.A. 18A:6-112 requires the two-hours of suicide instruction required in each professional development period to include information on HIB. N.J.S.A. 18A:37-22d requires school teachers to complete at least two hours of instruction on HIB prevention in each professional development period.
N.J.S.A. 18A:37-24 (2011) requires the Department of Education to develop a guidance document to assist in resolving complaints concerning student harassment, intimidation or bullying. The requirements of the guidance document are outlined in the statute. N.J.S.A. 18A:37-25 requires the Commissioner of Education to establish a formal protocol for the office of the executive county superintendent to investigate complaints that document allegations of violations of P.L.2010, c.122 and order corrective actions, as appropriate. N.J.S.A. 18A:37-27 requires the Department to develop an online tutorial on harassment, intimidation and bullying. N.J.S.A. 18A:37-28 requires the department to establish a "Bullying Prevention Fund" that will be used to provide grants to districts for harassment, intimidation and bullying prevention training. It designates the first week of October as a "Week of Respect." N.J.S.A. 18A:6-7.1 requires the crime of bias intimidation to be included in the criminal record check for public school employment.
N.J.A.C. 18A: 37-33 (2012) requires each school district to have a policy to prevent, and for responding to, incidents of dating violence.
In L.W. v. Toms River Regional Schools Board of Education (2007) the Supreme Court of New Jersey determined that a school district may be held liable under the New Jersey Law Against Discrimination (LAD) (N.J.S.A. 10:5-1 to -49) when students harass another student because of their perceived sexual orientation. The opinion states "When assessing a school district’s liability, the fact finder must determine whether the district, with actual or constructive knowledge of the maltreatment, took actions reasonably calculated to end the harassment."
Cyberbullying: N.J.S.A. 18A:37-14 requires "electronic communication" to be included in a school district's policy prohibiting harassment, intimidation or bullying. It defines "electronic communication" as a communication transmitted by means of an electronic device, including, but not limited to, a telephone, cellular phone, computer, or pager.
Hazing: As described in the required Memorandum of Agreement Between Education and Law Enforcement Officials (MOA), pursuant to State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-6.2(b)13, hazing may be considered to be bullying. Common bullying offenses include assault, harassment, threats, robbery, and sexual offenses. The MOA establishes that the school district must report to law enforcement officials any hazing incident that involves a criminal offense, and reminds school officials that hazing which involves the participation of a coach or a teacher may constitute child abuse in some circumstances.
Hazing is a separate offense under N.J.S.A. 2C:40-3. Hazing is a disorderly persons offense when the conduct, other than competitive athletic events, may place another person in danger of bodily injury. When serious bodily injury results, the offense is aggravated hazing, which is a crime of the fourth degree. The consent of the person hazed is not a defense. N.J.S.A. 2C:40-4. Any other criminal conduct under the New Jersey Code of Criminal Justice also may be charged. N.J.S.A. 2C:40-5.
Last Updated: 12/27/2011
Bullying/Harassment: 6.12.7 NMAC requires school districts and charter schools to develop and implement a policy that addresses bullying. The policy must include but is not limited to: (1) definitions; an absolute prohibition against bullying, (2) a method to ensure initial and annual dissemination of the anti-bullying policy to all students, parents, teachers, administrators and all other school or district employees, (3) procedures for reporting incidents of bullying which ensure confidentiality to those reporting bullying incidents and protection from reprisal retaliation or false accusation against victims, witnesses or others with information regarding a bullying incident, (4) consequences for bullying which include consideration of compliance with state and federal IDEA requirements, (5) consequences for knowingly making false reports pursuant to the anti-bullying policy; procedures for investigation by administration of incidents reported pursuant to the anti-bullying policy, and (6) a requirement that teachers and other school staff report any incidents of bullying.
Last Updated: 8/19/2010
Bullying/Harassment: NRS 388.133 (2010) defines bullying as "a willful act or course of conduct on the part of one or more pupils which is not authorized by law and which exposes a pupil repeatedly and over time to one or more negative actions which is highly offensive to a reasonable person and is intended to cause and actually causes the pupil to suffer harm or serious emotional distress.”
Last Updated: 7/22/2012
Bullying/Harassment: The Dignity for All Students Act (2012) defines harassment, bullying and discrimination and prohibits harassment, bullying or discrimination of a student by employees or students on school property or off of school property, if the act creates or would foreseeably create a risk of substantial disruption within the school environment where it is foreseeable that the conduct, threats, intimidation or abuse might reach the school environment. It also prohibits discrimination of students based on a person’s actual or perceived race, color, weight, national origin, ethnic group, religion, religious practice, disability, sexual orientation, gender, or sex by school employees or students on school property or at a school function. It requires the board of education and trustees of each school district to create policies and guidelines that must include the following: 1) Policies intended to create a school environment that is free from discrimination or harassment, 2) Guidelines to be used in school training programs to discourage the development of discrimination or harassment and are designed to raise awareness, sensitivity and enable prevention and response of school employees to potential discrimination or harassment, and 3) Guidelines relating to the development of nondiscriminatory instructional and counseling methods, requiring at least one staff member at every school be thoroughly trained to handle human relations in the areas of race, color, weight, national origin, ethnic group, relgion, religious practice, disability, sexual orientation, gender and sex. It requires the Commissioner of Education to create a procedure for annual reporting of incidents of discrimination and harassment on school grounds or at a school function. The statute also provides immunity from liability for those reporting discrimination or harassment of a student, when acting in good faith. It also outlines specific policies that schools must follow in the reporting and investigation of an act of bullying or harassment.
Last Updated: 2/17/2012
Bullying/Harassment: ORC 3313.666 (2012) requires the board of education of local school districts to establish a policy prohibiting harassment, intimidation or bullying. "Harassment, intimidation or bullying" is defined as any intentional written, verbal, electronic or physical act toward another student more than once that causes mental or physical harm and is sufficiently severe, persistent, or pervasive that it creates an intimidating, threatening, or abusive educational environment for the harassed student. The policy must include a statement prohibiting harassment, intimidation or bullying of any student on school property, on a school bus or at school-sponsored events; a definition of harassment, intimidation, or bullying, a procedure for reporting prohibiting incidents, including anonymous reporting; a provision for the possibility of suspension of a student found responsible for harassment, intimidation or bullying by an electronic act; a requirement that school personnel report prohibited incidents to school administrators; prohibition of students deliberately making false reports of harassment, intimidation or bullying and a disciplinary procedure for doing so; requirement for parental notification; documentation procedures; procedures for responding to and investigating incidents; strategies for protecting targeted students from additional incidents; disciplinary procedures; reporting requirements for district administration.
Last Updated: 11/17/2008
Bullying/Harassment: Statute 70-24-100.4 (2008), the School Bullying Prevention Act, requires each district board to adopt a policy for the control and discipline of all children attending a public school. The policy must specifically prohibit threatening behavior, harrassment , intimidation and bullying by students at school and via electronic communication. The policy must also establish a procedure for reporting and investigation and reporting of incidents, address prevention and education, and establish procedures for referral to mental health care options. The Act requires the district board policy to allow a school to request the disclosure of any information concerning students that have received mental health care following a school referral, if there is a specific threat to the safety of students and/or personnel.
Statute 70-24-100.5 (2002) requires each Safe School Committee to study and make recommendations to the principal regarding student bullying and harassment at school and the professional development needs of faculty and staff.
Cyberbullying: Statute 70-24-100.3 (2008) includes acts of electronic communications its list of potential acts of "harassment, intimidation and bullying" in the school environment." "Electronic communication" is defined as the communication of any written, verbal, or pictoral information by means of an electronic device, including, but not limited to, a telephone, a cellular telephone or other wireless telecommunication device, or a computer. A specific electonic communication does not need to originate at a school or with school equipment to be included under this policy if it is specifically directed at students or school personnel and contains harassment, intimidation or bullying.
Hazing: Statute 21-1190 (1995) states that no student organization or any person associated with any organization sanctioned or authorized by the governing board of any public or private school or institution of higher education in Oklahoma shall engage or participate in hazing. Any organization convicted of hazing, a misdemeanor, can be fined up to $1,500 and shall forfeit for a period no less than one year their rights and privileges of being an organization organized or operating at the public or private school. Any individual convicted of hazing can be imprisoned for up to 90 days and/or fined up to $500. Oklahoma's definition of hazing is laid out in subsection F here within.
Last Updated: 11/9/2010
Bullying/Harassment: ORS 339.356 (2009) requires each school district to adopt a policy prohibiting harassment, intimidation or bullying and prohibiting cyberbullying. Policies must include definitions of harassment, intimidation, bullying and cyberbullying consistent with ORS 339.351 (2009), definition of "protected class" consistent with ORS 339.351 (2009), description of expected behavior, consequences and remedial action for those committing acts, uniform procedures for reporting, and uniform procedures for investigation, response to acts and requested review of response to a report. ORS 339.351 (2009) defines cyberbullying as the use of any electronic communication devised to harass, intimidate or bully." It defines harassment, intimidation or bullying as any act that substantially interferes with a student's educational benefits, opportunities or performance, that takes place on or immediately adjacent to school grounds, at any school-sponsored activity, on school-provided transportation or at any official school bus stop, and that has the effect of physically harming a student or damaging their property, or creating a hostile educational environment."
Last Updated: 12/28/2011
Bullying/Harassment: H1067 (2008) requires each school to adopt or amend an existing policy on bullying and incorporate it into the school code of conduct. Bullying is defined as an intentional electronic, written, verbal or physical act or series of acts directed at another student or students which occurs in a school setting. The act is severe, persistent or pervasive and has the effect of substantially interfering with a students education, creating a threatening environment, or substantially disrupting the orderly operation of the school. "School setting" is defined as the school, school grounds, in school vehicles, at a school bus stop, or any activity sponsored, supervised or sanctioned by the school.
The policy must delineate disciplinary consequences for bullying and may provide prevention, intervention and education programs. A school may define bullying in such a way as to encompass acts that occur outside of a school setting if they meet the definitions of bullying outlined in the statute. The policy must identify the appropriate school staff person to receive reports of incidents of alleged bullying and must be posted on the school's website and in every classroom, if possible.
Cyberbullying: H1067 (2008) includes an "intentional electronic act" in its definition of bullying in the school setting and requires each school to adopt or amend an existing policy on bullying and incorporate it into the school code of conduct.
Hazing: No state policy addressing elementary or secondary schools.
Last Updated: 2/13/2013
Bullying/Harassment: In accordance with Statute 16-21-33 (2011) and Statute 16-21-34 (2011), any form or degree of bullying at school is prohibited.
The Rhode Island Statewide Bullying Policy (2011) was promulgated pursuant to the authority set forth in Statute 162134 of the General Laws of Rhode Island. Known as the Safe School Act, the statute recognizes that the bullying of a student creates a climate of fear and disrespect that can seriously impair the student's health and negatively affect learning. Bullying undermines the safe learning environment that students need to achieve their full potential. The purpose of the Policy is to ensure a consistent and unified statewide approach to the prohibition of bullying at school.
Statute 16-21-33 (2011), the “Safe Schools Act” defines bullying, cyberbullying and “at school” and requires the state department of education to prescribe by regulation a statewide bullying policy. The policy applies to all public, approved private and collaborative schools. The policy must contain the following:
(1) Descriptions of and statements prohibiting bullying, cyber-bullying and retaliation at school, (2) Clear requirements and procedures for students, staff, parents, guardians and others to report bullying or retaliation
(3) A provision that reports of bullying or retaliation may be made anonymously with no disciplinary action against a student for reporting
(4) Clear procedures for prompt response and investigation of reports of bullying or retaliation, (5) The range of disciplinary actions that may be taken against a perpetrator for bullying or retaliation; balancing accountability with teaching appropriate behavior, along with a parental engagement strategy and a provision that states punishments for violations of the bullying policy shall be determined by the school’s appropriate authority (minimizing student suspension from school unless deemed a necessary consequence of the violations)
(6) Clear procedures for restoring a sense of safety for a victim assessing their needs for protection
(7) Strategies for protecting from bullying or retaliation a person who reports bullying, provides information during an investigation of bullying or witnesses or has reliable information about an act of bullying
(8) Procedures for promptly notifying the parents or guardians of a victim and a perpetrator, notification of preventative actions taken against future acts, and procedures for immediate notification of the local law enforcement agency when the criminal charges may be pursued against the perpetrator
(9) A provision that a student who knowingly makes a false accusation of bullying or retaliation shall be subject to disciplinary action
(10) A strategy for providing counseling or referral to appropriate services currently being offered by schools or communities for perpetrators and victims and their families
(11) A provision that requires a principal or designee to be responsible for the implementation and oversight of the bullying policy;
(12) Provisions for informing parents and guardians about the district bullying policy, including a link on the district’s home page and annual distribution to parents and guardians and notification within 24 hours of the incident to parents or guardians of the victim and alleged perpetrator
(13) Immunity from a cause of action for damages for those reporting, in good faith, an act of bullying
(14) Prohibit accessing social networking sites at school, except for educational or instructional purposes and with the prior approval from school administration.
Cyberbullying: Statute 16-21-33 (2011) defines cyberbullying as "bullying through the use of technology or any electronic communication, which includes, but shall not be limited to, any transfer of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data, texting or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or in part by a wire, radio, electromagnetic, photo electronic or photo optical system, including, but not limited to, electronic mail, Internet communications, instant messages or facsimile communications. Within the section of this law, it also includes (1) the creation of a web page or blog in which the creator assumes the identity of another person; (2) the knowing impersonation of another person as the author or posted content or messages the distribution by electronic means of a communication to more than one person or the posting of materials on an electronic medium that may be accessed by one or more persons, if the creation, impersonation, or distribution results in any of the conditions enumerated in clauses. The statute requires the state department of education to adopt a statewide bullying policy that prohibits cyberbullying. Additional requirements of the policy are outlined under the Bullying/Harassment topic.
Hazing: Statute 11-21-2 (1956) makes hazing, defined in detail in Statute 11-21-1 (1909), a misdemeanor offense, punishable of up to a $500 fine and/or imprisonment from 30 days to one year.
Last Updated: 4/8/2012
Bullying/Harassment: Code 59-63-120 (2005) defines harassment, intimidation, or bullying "as a gesture, an electronic communication, or a written, verbal, physical or sexual act that is reasonably perceived to have the effect of (a) harming a student physically or emotionally or damaging a student's property, or placing a student in reasonable fear of personal harm or property damage; or (b) insulting or demeaning a student or group of students causing substantial disruption in, or substantial interference with, the orderly operation of the school."
Last Updated: 4/6/2009
Bullying/Harassment: No state policy.
Cyberbullying: No state policy.
Hazing: No state policy addressing elementary or secondary schools.
Last Updated: 9/29/2011
Bullying/Harassment: Code 49-6-1015 (2005) defines harassment, intimidation or bullying in the school setting. Codes 49-6-1016 (2009) and 49-6-1017 (2005) require each local agency to adopt a policy prohibiting harassment, intimidation or bullying. Districts are required to include a definition of bullying, harassment, and intimidation, a statement prohibiting such acts, a description of the type of behavior constituting these acts, consequences and remedial action for harassment, intimidation, or bullying, and a procedure for reporting acts and conducting a prompt investigation. Code 49-6-1018 (2005) prohibits retaliation or reprisal against a victim of or witness to or person with reliable information about an act of harassment, intimidation or bullying. Code 49-6-1019 (2005) encourages school districts to form harassment, intimidation or bullying prevention task forces, programs, and other initiatives. Districts are encouraged to include a definition of bullying, harassment, and intimidation, a statement prohibiting such acts, a description of the type of behavior constituting these acts, consequences and remedial action for harassment, intimidation, or bullying, and a procedure for reporting acts and conducting a prompt investigation.
Last Updated: 9/22/2011
Bullying/Harassment: Education Code 27.0832 (2011) defines bullying and requires each board of trustees of each district to adopt a policy concerning bullying. The policy must (1) prohibit bullying and retalization against those providing information about a bullying incident, (2) establish procedures for providing notice of an incident to a victim and bully's parent or guardian, (3) establish actions a student should take to obtain asistance and intervention in response to bullying, (4) outline counseling options for bullyies, victims and witnesses, (5) establish procedures for reporting and investigation of an incident, (5) prohibit disciplinary measures for a student who is found to be a victim of bullying acting in self-defense, and (6) require that bullying of a student with disabilities comply with IDEA requirements. The policy must be included in district handbooks and district improvement plans.
Last Updated: 4/28/2012
Code 53A-11a-102 (2008) defines bullying in the school environment as intentionally knowing or committing an act that endangers the physical health or safety of a school employee or student, involves brutality of a physical nature, consumption of any food, liquor, drug or other substance, involves phycial activity that endangers the physical health and safety of a school employee or student's freedom to move, or physically osbstructs a school employee or student's freedom to move. A "bullying" act is done for the purpose of placing a school employee or act in fear of physical harm or harm to their property, Code 53A-11a-201 prohibits bullying or hazing by a school employee or student on school property, a school related or sponsored event, a school bus, at a school bus stop, while the school employee or student is to or from a location or event described above. Code 53A-11a-301 (2008) requires each school board to adopt a bullying or hazing policy. The requirements of the policy are outlined in the statute. Code 53A-11a-301 (2008) requires the State Board of Education to develop a model policy on bullying, hazing and retaliation.
R277-609 (2008) requires student assessments of the prevalence of bullying in schools to be conducted both at the district and the school and charter level. The policy also extends the requirements for anti-bullying awareness and intervention skills to include custodians, kitchen and lunchroom workers, and secretaries.
Last Updated: 5/23/2013
Bullying/Harassment: Code 22.1-279.6 (2012) requires the Board of Education to establish guidelines and develop model policies for codes of student conduct to aid local school boards in the implementation of such policies. The guidelines and model policies must include self-defense, bullying, the use of electronic means for purposes of bullying, harassment, and intimidation, and dissemination of such policies to students, their parents, and school personnel, and standards for in-service training of school personnel in and examples of the appropriate management of student conduct and student offenses in violation of school board policies. School boards are required to adopt and revise regulations that are are consistent with, but may be more stringent than, the guildelines of the Board. Each school board must include in its code of conduct prohibitions against bullying, hazing and profane or obscene language or conduct.
Last Updated: 9/22/2011
Bullying/Harassment: 16 VSA 11 (2011) defines bullying and harassment in the school setting. The definition includes bullying or harassment that occurs during the school day on school property, on a school bus, or at a school-sponsored activity, or before or after the school day on a school bus or at a school-sponsored activity. In addition, it includes bullying or harassment that does not occur during the school day on school property, on a school bus, or at a school-sponsored activity and can be shown to pose a clear and substantial interference with another student's right to access educational programs.
16 VSA 565 states that bullying and harassment have no place and will not be tolerated in
Last Updated: 10/6/2010
Bullying/Harassment: RCW 28A.300.285 (2010) requires each school district to adopt or amend a policy that prohibits harassment, intimidation, or bullying of any student. The policy must incorporate the revised model policy. Harassment, intimidation or bullying" is defined as any electronic, written, verbal or physical act that results in the following: (1) Physically harms a student or damages their property, (2) Has the effect of substantially interfering with a student's education, (3) Is so severe, persistent, or pervasive that it creates an intimidating or threatening educational environment, or (4) Has the effect of substantially disrupting the operation of the school.
RCW 28A.640.020 (1994) requires the superintendent of public instruction to develop criteria for sexual harassment policies. RCW 28A.600.480 (2002) prohibits in reprisal, retaliation or false accusation against a witness, victim or one with reliable information about an act of harassment, intimidation or bullying in the school environment. It also provides immunity (from a cause of action for failure to remedy the incident) to a school employee, student or volunteer who promptly reports an incident of harassment, intimidation or bullying.
Cyberbullying: RCW 28A.300.285 (2002) requires each school district to adopt or amend a policy that prohibits harassment, intimidation, or bullying of any student. The definition of "harassment, intimidation or bullying" includes an electronic act that (1) Physically harms a student or damages their property, (2) Has the effect of substantially interfering with a student's education, (3) Is so severe, persistent, or pervasive that it creates an intimidating or threatening educational environment, or (4) Has the effect of substantially disrupting the operation of the school.
Last Updated: 3/22/2012
Bullying/Harassment: Statute 118.46 (2009) requires the Department of Education to develop a model school policy on bullying by pupils. The policy must include the following: (1) a definition and prohibition of bullying, (2) procedures for confidential reporting and investigation of reports (3) a requirement to investigate reported incidents, (4) a prohibition against a pupil retaliating against another pupil for reporting and incident of bullying, (5) disciplinary alternatives for pupils that engage in bullying or retaliates against a pupil reporting an incident, and (6) an identification of the school-related events, property and vehicles used for pupil transportation to which the policy applied. The statute requires each school board to adopt a policy prohibiting bullying by pupils. The school board may adopt the model policy.
Last Updated: 2/29/2012
Bullying/Harassment: Code 18-2C-3 (2001) requires each county board of education to establish a policy prohibiting bullying and harassment as defined in Code 18-2C-2 (2001). The policy must include the following: (1) a definition of harassment, intimidation or bullying no less inclusive than outlined in 18-2C-2 (2001), (2) reporting, investigating, documenting, and disciplinary procedures for bullying incidents, and (3) strategies for protecting a victim from additional harassment, intimidation or bullying. Parents and legal guardians are also to be notified and the information relating to the incident must be confidential. Code 18-2C-4 (2001) provides immunity to a school employee, student or volunteer is immune from a cause of action from damages arising with reporting of an incident of bullying or harassment.
Last Updated: 3/31/2012
Bullying/Harassment: Code 21-4-312 (2009) defines harassment, intimidation and bullying "any intentional gesture, any intentional electronic communication or any intentional written, verbal or physical act initiated, occurring or received at school that a reasonable person under the circumstances should know will have the effect of: (A) Harming a student physically or emotionally, damaging a student's property or placing a student in reasonable fear of personal harm or property damage; (B) Insulting or demeaning a student or group of students causing substantial disruption in, or substantial interference with, the orderly operation of the school; or (C) Creating an intimidating, threatening or abusive educational environment for a student or group of students through sufficiently severe, persistent or pervasive behavior." It prohibits intimidation, harassment or bullying at school, or reprisal or retaliation against a victim, witness or person reporting information about an act. The definition of "school" is included in the statute.
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