Click category to View Topics
New: National Guidelines
Last Updated: 1/5/2009
Statute 14.33.120 (2001) requires each governing body to adopt a written school disciplinary and safety program that must include standards for and related to student behavior and safety policies. The program must also contain procedures for periodic review and revision of the program. The purpose of a school disciplinary and safety program is found in Statute 14.33.110 (2000).
Statute 14.30.045 (1995) allows a child to be suspended from or denied admission to a public school for behavior that is "inimicable to the welfare, safety, or morals of other pupils or a person employed or volunteering at the school."
Statute 14.33.140 (2000) exempts any teacher, teacher's assistant, a principal, or another person responsible for students from civil damages resulting in the enforcement of the approved school disciplinary and safety program.
Fighting/Gangs: Statute 14.33.120 requires each governing body to adopt a written school disciplinary and safety program that must include procedures for implementing a student conflict resolution strategy.
Weapons: Statute 14.03.160 requires a minimum of a 30 day suspension for students possessing a deadly weapon on school grounds and a 1 calendar year expulsion for students possessing a firearm.
Drugs and Alcohol: No state policy.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: Statute 14.33.050 (1974) allows the department or a school board to request assistance in the training and control of safety patrols from the state troopers or the police department.
Statute 14.33.130 (2000) requires any teacher or another person responsible for students observes a student committing a crime, the teacher shall report the crime to the local law enforcement agency.
Statute 14.33.100 (1999) requires each district to develop a model school crisis response plan in consultation with local social service agencies and local law enforcement authorities.
Last Updated: 7/12/2009
HB199 (2009) requires requires each local board of education to adopt a comprehensive school safety plan for each school under the authority of the board. The plan must include a protocol and procedures for addressing serious threats to the safety of school property, students, employees, or administrators and for responding to any emergency events that compromise the safety of school property, students, and employees.
Last Updated: 4/28/2012
Code 6-15-1005 (1997) requires every school and district to enforce policies, which include weapons, violence, tobacco, alcohol, other drugs, gangs, and sexual harassment, that ensure the safety of every student during school hours at school-sponsored activities.
In addition, Code 6-15-1301 (2003) requires the department of education to create a Safe Schools Committee to develop model policies and procedures that ensure a safe and productive learning environment for students and school employees and provide emergency plans for terrorist attacks.
Fighting/Gangs: Code 6-15-1005 ensures that every school and district will enforce school district policies for the safety of every student during school hours at school-sponsored events from gangs.
Code 6-18-503 (1995) requires each school district to develop written student discipline policies in compliance with the guidelines established by the Department of Education in Code 6-18-502 (2001). The guidelines suggest that student discipline policies include the offense of willfully and intentionally assaulting or threatening to assault or abuse any student or teacher, principal, superintendent, or other employee of a school system." The policies shall also prescribe minimum and maximum penalties for violations of the offense. Written notification must also be provided to all parents and students of the district's student discipline policies and teachers and administrators, as well as other school employees and volunteers must receive appropriate student discipline training.
Weapons: Code 6-18-503 requires each school district to develop written student discipline policies in compliance with the guidelines established by the Department of Education in Code 6-18-502. The guidelines suggest that student discipline policies shall include the offense of possession by students of any firearm or other weapon prohibited upon the school campus by law or by policies adopted by the school board." The policies shall also prescribe expulsion from school for a period of not less than 1 year for possession of any firearm or other weapon prohibited upon the school campus by law. Written notification must also be provided to all parents and students of the district's student discipline policies and teachers and administrators, as well as other school employees and volunteers must receive appropriate student discipline training.
Code 6-18-507 (1999) requires the principal of each school to report within a week to the department [of education] information identifying any student who is expelled for possessing a firearm or other prohibited weapon on school property.
Drugs and Alcohol: Code 6-18-503 requires each school district to develop written student discipline policies in compliance with the guidelines established by the Department of Education in Code 6-18-502, which include using, offering for sale, or selling beer, alcoholic beverages, or other illicit drugs by students on school property".
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: No state policy.
Last Updated: 10/6/2008
Fighting/Gangs: No state policy.
Weapons: ARS 15-341 requires the governing board to prescribe and enforce policies and procedures that prohibit a person from carrying or possessing a weapon on school grounds, unless the person is a peace officer or has specific authorization from the school administrator.
ARS 13-3102 (no date available) states that any person who possess a deadly weapon on public or nonpublic school grounds is guilty of misconduct involving weapons, which is at least a class I misdemeanor. Exceptions to this law are in cases where prior approval for a school programs is granted or when a firearm is not loaded and that is carried within a means of transportation under the control of an adult, provided that if the adult leaves the means of transportation the firearm must not be visible from outside the means of transportation and said transportation must be locked.
ARS 15-841 (no date available) states that a pupil may be expelled for displaying or using a dangerous instrument or deadly weapon as well as using or possessing a gun.
Drugs and Alcohol: ARS 15-345 (no date available) allows the "school district governing board [to] adopt chemical abuse prevention policies and procedures in consultation with pupils, school district personnel and members of the community, including parents and local law enforcement agencies".
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: ARS 15-155 (no date available) states, "The department of education shall cooperate with the county school superintendent, the county sheriff, and the local chief of police to permit a law enforcement agency, with the consent of the school, to assign a peace officer to participate in the safe schools program in each school in the county".
ARS 15-341 requires the governing board in conjunction with local law enforcement agencies and medical facilities to develop an emergency response plan for each school within the district.
Last Updated: 3/28/2012
Education Code 32280 (2003) requires all K-12 public schools to develop strategies for a comprehensive school safety plan that aims to prevent potential incidences of violence on the school campus. Education Code 32281 (2003) assigns each school district the responsibility of developing the plan in consultation with law enforcement officials. Education Code 32282 (2004) further requires the plan to include a safe and orderly environment conducive to learning at school.
Education Code 233 (2000) calls for the State Board of Education to adopt policies that aim to create a school environment for grades K-12 that is free from discriminatory attitudes and practices and acts of hate violence. Similarly, Education Code 35183 (2003) declares that students and staff have the constitutional right to be safe and secure at school.
The Legislature declares in Education Code 32261 (2011) that every pupil enrolled in the state has the "inalienable right" to attend safe, secure, and peaceful classes on school campuses. The Legislature establishes an interagency coordination system to resolve school and community problems of violence, including truancy, crime, vandalism, drug and alcohol abuse, gang membership, gang violence, and hate crimes. It encourages schools to implement strategies, in-service training programs, and activities that will improve school attendance and reduce school crime and violence, including vandalism, drug and alcohol abuse, gang membership, gang violence, hate crimes, bullying, including bullying committed personally or by means of an electronic act, teen relationship violence, and discrimination and harassment, including, but not limited to, sexual harassment.
Fighting/Gangs: Although the state does not have a specific policy addressing fighting or gang violence in schools, Education Code 32280 (2003) requires a comprehensive school safety plan that aims to prevent crimes and violence in schools. In addition, Education Code 32282 (2004) requires schools to include a provision in their comprehensive school safety plan that prohibits students from wearing "gang-related apparel," if the school has adopted this type of dress code. The Legislature declares in Education Code 35183 (2003) that "gang-related apparel" is hazardous to the health and safety of the school environment. Further, the adoption of a school-wide uniform policy may protect students from being associated with any particular gang and would save time for administrators and teachers from having to learn the subtleties of gang regalia.
Weapons: Education Code 48915 (2001) requires that school principles or district superintendents recommend expulsion of any student possessing a knife or other dangerous object of no reasonable use to the student.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: Education Code 32281 (2003) assigns the responsibility for the development of the comprehensive school safety plan to local districts through school site councils. The council is to consult with representatives from a law enforcement agency in the writing and developing of the plan.
Education Code 32262 (2003) establishes the School/Law Enforcement Partnership. The partnership includes the superintendent of instruction and the attorney general who are responsible for administering a safe schools program and all training, procedures, and activities; and cooperating with other states as well as state and federal agencies on matters relating to school safety.
Education Code 32270 (2003) establishes a statewide school safety cadre to facilitate interagency coordination and collaboration among school districts, youth-serving agencies, community-based organizations, and law enforcement agencies to improve school attendance, encourage good citizenship, and reduce school violence, crimes, gang membership and violence, truancy, bullying, and discrimination and harassment.
Last Updated: 10/25/2011
Statute 22-32-109.1 (2006)requires district boards to adopt and implement a safe school plan. It also requires the principal of each public school to provide a written report to the board of education specifying the number of conduct and code violations. The categories of violations are outlined in the statute.
Fighting/Gangs: Statute 22-32-109.1 (2006) requires district boards of education to adopt policies concerning gang-related activities in the school, on school property, in school vehicles, and at school activities or sanctioned events. This statute also requires district boards of education to adopt policies and procedures for dealing with students who cause disruption in the classroom, on school grounds, in school vehicles, or at school activities or sanctioned events. These policies must also allow teacher to remove such students from their classroom. A third offense results in removal from the class for the remainder of the term of the class. Policies and procedures for use of reasonable and appropriate acts of physical intervention for dealing with disruptive students are also required.
Weapons: Statute 22-32-109.1 requires district boards of education to adopt policies prohibiting students from bringing dangerous weapons to school, on school grounds, in school vehicles, or to school activities or sponsored events.
Drugs and Alcohol: Statute 22-32-109.1 requires district boards of education to adopt policies prohibiting students from brining drugs or other controlled substances to school, on school grounds, in school vehicles, or to school activities or sanctioned events and from using drugs and other controlled substances on school grounds, in school vehicles, or at school activities or sanctioned events.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: Statute 22-32-109.1 requires district boards of education to cooperate and develop written agreements with law enforcement officials, the juvenile justice system, and social services. This statute also recommends school districts work with local law enforcement in developing internet safety curriculum.
Last Updated: 10/25/2011
The State Board of Education's Position Statement on Creating a Healthy Learning Environment that is Physically, Emotionally and Intellectually Safe (2010) states that school districts should "develop and implement policies and procedures that assist all staff and administrators in creating safe and healthy learning environments that address the needs of every student. Furthermore, boards of education must ensure compliance with all health and safety regulations, per Statute Chapter 169 Section 10-203 (1996) in order to provide a safe school environment. The State Board of Education's Position Statement on Student Support Services (2001) states that school districts should promote a positive school climate where individuals feel safe, supported, and connected while reducing risky behaviors.
Fighting/Gangs: Statutes Chapter 170 Section 10-233c (1998) and Section 10-233d(2001)state that suspension and expulsion proceedings determining whether a student's behavior was seriously disruptive may take into consideration gang involvement.
Weapons: Statute Chapter 170 Section 10-233d states that a student who possesses a firearm, deadly weapon, dangerous instrument, or martial arts weapon on school grounds, at a school sponsored activity, or in the commission of a crime off school grounds is subject to at least one year's expulsion. Notice of such an expulsion shall not be expunged from the student's cumulative educational record upon the pupil's graduation from high school. Statute Chapter 170 Sec. 10-233c state that suspension proceedings determining whether a student's behavior was seriously disruptive may take into consideration the unlawful use of a weapon.
Drugs and Alcohol: Statute Chapter 170 Section 10-221 (2003) requires each local and regional board of education [to] develop, adopt and implement policies and procedures dealing with the use, sale or possession of alcohol or controlled drugs by public school students on school property.
Statutes Chapter 170 Section 10-233c and Section 10-233d state that suspension and expulsion proceedings determining whether a student's behavior was seriously disruptive may take into consideration the involvement of alcohol.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: Statute Chapter 170 Section 10-221 requires local and regional board of education to have policies and procedures dealing with the use, sale or possession of alcohol or controlled drugs by public school students on school property, including a process for coordination with, and referral of such students to, appropriate agencies and cooperating with law enforcement officials.
District of Columbia
Last Updated: 4/28/2013
Fighting/Gangs: Section B2502.3 of Chapter B25 of Title 5 in the D.C. Municipal Regulations (DCMR) (2009) specifies that “engaging in behavior that demonstrates Gang/neighborhood crew affiliation (displaying clothing or gestures associated with Gangs) and fighting where there is no injury and no weapon” as a Tier III behaviors that, in addition to lesser consequences, may result in either on-site or off-site Suspension.
Last Updated: 5/11/2009
Administrative Code 14:605 (2003) requires all school districts and charter schools to have their own policies on student rights and responsibilities, based on the Department of Education's Guidelines for the Development of District Policies on Student Rights and Responsibilities (1988). These guidelines grant school officials authority to maintain an orderly and safe educational environment.
Fighting/Gangs:No state policy.
Weapons: Administrative Code 14:605 requires all school districts and charter schools to have their own policies on student rights and responsibilities, which must comply with Administrative Code 14:603 (2003). This statute requires each school district and charter school requesting assistance under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act to have a written policy requiring students who have brought a firearm to school, or possessed a firearm at school, to be expelled for at least one year.
Code 14:4112 and Administrative Code 14:601 require the reporting of the possession of weapons on school property or at a school function by school employees to the principal, who then reports to the police and the Department of Education.
Drugs and Alcohol: Administrative Code 14:612 (2003) states, in all public school districts, The possession, use and/or distribution of alcohol, a drug, a drug-like substance, a look-alike substance and/or drug paraphernalia are wrong and harmful to students and are prohibited within the school environment". All the items listed, when found, are to be turned over to the principal or designee for documentation and turned over to the police when required by law.
Each district must also have a policy on file that is periodically updated. The policy must contain provisions for: parent notification of the state and district policies, a statement that all policies apply to all students equally except in respect for students with disabilities, written procedures for reporting incidents to the police and parents or guardians while maintain confidentiality, written evidence storage and documentation procedures, a written policy on search and seizure, a program of assistance for students with counseling and referral to services, a discipline policy which contains minimum penalties as defined in this Code, and a policy for dealing with cases involving drug-like or look-alike substances for establishing intent to use, possess, or distribute.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: Administrative Code 14:601 requires all local school districts, charter schools, and alternative schools or consortia to establish a policy on school/police relations, resulting in a Memorandum of Agreement with each police department which provides services to said schools.
Last Updated: 3/31/2013
Statute 1002.20(23) (2012) requires public school classrooms to be orderly and disciplined, conducive for students to learn without the distraction caused by disobedient, disrespectful, violent, abusive, uncontrollable, or disruptive students.
Last Updated: 10/30/2011
Georgia Code 20-2-1185 (no date available) requires schools to adopt school safety plans to provide a safe learning environment for
Fighting/Gangs: Georgia code 20-2-751.5 (no date available) and State Board of Education Rule 160-4-8-.15 requires local school boards to include in their student codes of conduct the prohibition of physical assault or battery of teachers, administrators, and other school personnel by students.
Last Updated: 8/25/2009
State Board of Education Policy 4200 (1991) requires, "The Department of Education [to] provide a caring environment conducive to the physical, mental, social, and emotional well-being of students while they are participating in school activities". State Board of Education Policy 2290 (1998) reserves the right for every student to receive an education in a safe and orderly environment.
State Board of Education Policy 4201 (2002) states that it is the belief of the Board that public school staff should maintain an orderly, safe environment conducive to learning. State Board of Education Policy 1110-6 (1995) assigns the provision of a safe and healthy work and learning environment for all public school students, employees, and other persons under its jurisdiction as the Department of Education's fundamental responsibility.
Fighting/Gangs: Education Rule 8-19-6 prohibits assault and disorderly conduct by any student in the public school system during school hours, on school premises, or during department-supervised activities on or off school property. Violation of this policy constitutes a Class A offense in the case of assault and a Class B offense in the case of disorderly conduct. Education Rule 8-19-13 extends the same policy to summer school, violation resulting in dismissal from summer school. State Board of Education Policy 4201 allows school personnel to "quell a disturbance threatening physical injury to self or others.
State Board of Education Policy 4400 (1991) implements a zero-tolerance policy towards youth gangs in schools.
Weapons: HRS 302A-1134.6 (2000) implements a zero-tolerance policy, stating "Any child who possesses, sells, or uses a dangerous weapon or switchblade knife, while attending school or while attending department-supervised activities held on or off school property, may be excluded from attending school for up to ninety-two school days, as determined by the principal and approved by the superintendent or other individuals". HRS 302A-1134 (2003) also states that any child found in possession of a firearm shall be excluded from attending school for not less than one year.
Further, Education Rule 8-19-6 prohibits the possession or use of dangerous weapons or instruments and firearms by any student in the public school system during school hours, on school premises, or during department-supervised activities on or off school property. Violation of this policy constitutes a Class A offense. Violation of the firearm's policy results in the dismissal of the offending student for a period of at least one year. Violation of the dangerous weapons (including switchblade or any improperly used knife) policy results in exclusion from attending school for up to 92 school days. Education Rule 8-19-13 extends the same policy to summer school, violation resulting in dismissal from summer school.
State Board of Education Policy 4201 allows school personnel to "obtain possession of weapons or other dangerous objects which are within the control of a student."
Drugs and Alcohol: State Board of Education Policy 4220 (2005) requires the Department of Education "develop regulations and procedures for public schools in an effort to eliminate alcohol and drug use and distribution on their respective campuses. The regulations, guidelines, and procedures developed shall be scientifically based and within the confines of state statutes and constitutional compliance".
Education Rule 8-19-6 prohibits the possession, use, or sale of drug paraphernalia or illicit drugs by any student in the public school system during school hours, on school premises, or during department-supervised activities on or off school property. Violation of this policy constitutes a Class A offense. Education Rule 8-19-13 extends the same policy to summer school, violation resulting in dismissal from summer school.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: State Board of Education Policy 1710-8 (1970) states that schools shall cooperate fully with law enforcement.
Last Updated: 11/29/2010
The Department of Education's sample Policy on Student Bullying & Harassment states that, the school district is committed to providing all students with a safe and civil school environment in which all members of the school community are treated with dignity and respect". Further, Code 279.58 (2005) allows school districts to implement dress code policies if deemed necessary for the health, safety, or positive educational environment of students and staff in the school environment."
281 IAC 11.3(2) (2003) requires persistently dangerous schools" to review, and possibly implement a remedial plan for, their school safety plan and prevention activities, per PL 107-110 (2001). 281 IAC 11.4 (2003) also allows any student who is the victim of a violent crime in or on school ground to transfer to another, safe school within the district. Also, any student enrolled in a persistently dangerous school" has the right to transfer to a safe school within the district.
Fighting/Gangs: Code 723A.3 (2005) makes it a class C felony to solicit, recruit, entice, or intimidate a minor into joining a criminal street gang. Further, it is a class D felony to conspire to solicit, recruit, entice, or intimidate a minor into joining a criminal street. Code 279.58 allows school districts to implement dress code policies prohibiting the wearing of gang-related apparel.
281 IAC 12.3(6) requires school boards to adopt student responsibility and discipline policies, which must address violent, destructive, and seriously disruptive behavior.
Weapons: 281 IAC 12.3(6) requires school boards to adopt student responsibility and discipline policies, which must address weapons. Code 280.21B (2005) conforms to the Federal Gun-Free Schools Act. Code 724.4B (2005) further prohibits any person to be armed with, carry, or transport any firearm, concealed or not, on public or nonpublic school grounds. Violation of this statute is a class D felony. Code 280.17B (2005) requires public and nonpublic schools to have procedures for continued involvement with and reintegration of a student suspended or expelled for possession of a dangerous weapon on school premises.
Drugs and Alcohol: 281 IAC 12.3(6) requires school boards to adopt student responsibility and discipline policies, which must address the use or possession of alcoholic beverages and controlled substances. Code 279.9 Prohibits use or possession of tobacco, alcoholic beverages, or any controlled substance as defined in section 124.101, subsection 5, by any student of the schools and the board may suspend or expel a student for a violation of a rule under this section.
Code 280.24 (1997) requires the board of directors of each public school and the authorities in charge of each accredited nonpublic school [to] prescribe procedures to report any use or possession of alcoholic liquor, wine, or beer or any controlled substance on school premises to local law enforcement agencies, if the use or possession is in violation of school policy or state law".
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: Code280.17A (2005) requires public and non-public schools to have procedures requiring school officials to report to local law enforcement agencies any dangerous weapon possessed on school premises". Code 280.25 (2005) also requires public and accredited nonpublic schools to adopt a policy, and the superintendent of each public school to adopt rules, which allow for the sharing of information contained within a student's permanent record pursuant to an interagency agreement with state and local agencies that are part of the juvenile justice system. Code 279.9B (1997) requires schools to notify juvenile courts of unexcused absences, suspensions or expulsions of students under court supervision or probation.
Last Updated: 2/28/2013
Statute 33-1612 requires public schools in the districts to provide a safe environment conducive to learning. State Board of Education Administrative Rule 08.02.03.160 (2002) (page 33-34) elaborates further by stating districts must adopt policies and procedures encompassing school climate and violence prevention. This rule also requires school districts to have comprehensive policies and procedures that address violence prevention.
Last Updated: 10/6/2008
Public Act 94-0600 (HB 2693) (2005) creates the School Safety Drill Act that establishes minimum requirements and standards for public and private schools to follow when conducting school safety drills and when reviewing school emergency and crisis response plans.
Fighting/Gangs: No state policy.
Weapons: No state policy.
Drugs and Alcohol: 105 ILCS 5/10-21.4a (1997) requires " the principal to utilize resources of proper law enforcement agencies when the safety and welfare of students and teachers are threatened by illegal use of drugs and alcohol". 105 ILCS 5/10-21.10 (no date available) prohibits the use or possession of pocket pagers due to their connection with the possession, sale, delivery, and trafficking in drugs and other substances. 105 ILCS 5/10-22.10a (no date available) allows school boards to adopt policies to authorize school officials to enlist the aid of local law enforcement to conduct reasonable searches of school grounds and lockers for illegal drugs.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: 105 ILCS 5/10-20.14 requires the parent-teacher advisory committee, in cooperation with local law enforcement agencies, to develop policy guideline procedures to establish and maintain a reciprocal reporting system between the school district and local law enforcement agencies regarding criminal offenses committed by students. 105 ILCS 5/10-22.10a allows school boards to adopt policies to authorize school officials to enlist the aid of local law enforcement to conduct reasonable searches of school grounds and lockers for illegal drugs.
Last Updated: 11/30/2010
IC 5-2-10.1-12 (2006) requires each school to establish a safe school committee. The committee, with assistance from the department of education and a school corporation's school safety specialist, is required to develop a plan for the school addressing unsafe conditions, crime prevention, school violence, bullying and other issues that prevent the maintenance of a safe school. The plan must also address professional development needs for staff in this area and methods to encourage involvement of the community and students, problem solving and development of relationships.
Last Updated: 11/20/2011
Fighting/Gangs: No state policy.
Weapons: Statute 72-8901 (1994) grants the board of education of any district, or their authorized agent, the power to suspend or expel any student whose conduct endangers the safety of others. A case annotation of this statute specifically addresses gun possession, stating expulsion of a student for gun possession does not preclude juvenile prosecution.
Last Updated: 5/22/2013
KRS 158.445 (2000) requires each local board of education to adopt a plan for immediate and long-term strategies to address school safety and discipline. KRS 158.148 (2008) requires the department of education to develop statewide student discipline guidelines to ensure safe schools, recommendations that improve the learning environment and school climate, parental and community involvement in the schools, and student achievement, and a model policy. Each local board of education is to adopt a code of acceptable behavior and discipline for students, which stresses the maintenance of a safe learning environment where orderly learning is possible and encouraged. The code of acceptable behavior and discipline shall contain the type of behavior expected from each student, consequences of failure to obey the code, and the importance of the code in maintaining a safe learning environment. The statute contains the specific requirements of the code of acceptable behavior and discipline. A copy of the code of behavior and discipline shall be provided to all school employees, parents and legal guardians.
education to adopt a policy requiring disciplinary action for such a violation.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: KRS 158.154 requires principals to report to appropriate local law enforcement an act that the principal reasonably believes to constitute a crime specified in that statute.
Last Updated: 11/22/2010
RS 17:13.1 (1992) requires the state department of education to develop and implement minimum guidelines for a prevention of crime and disruptive behavior program. Each school is required to submit to the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education a program that has been developed in accordance with the guidelines. RS 17:252 (2003) further requires each school district to develop and submit a master plan for supporting student behavior and discipline that may include safe school planning, zero tolerance policies, improving classroom management with positive behavioral supports and other effective disciplinary tools.
Upon approval of its governing authority, RS 17:416.17 (2001) authorizes elementary schools to develop and offer youth development and assistance programs that use violence prevention and intervention initiatives for students in kindergarten and elementary grades in order to create a safe school environment in which teachers can teach and students can learn. The statute recommends that these programs include behavioral training and intervention techniques that promote conflict resolution skills, peer mediation, anger management, and bullying prevention.
Fighting/Gangs: RS 17:416.15 (2001) allows any local public school to adopt and implement zero tolerance policies for fighting in the schools under its jurisdiction. RS 17:416 allows a principal to suspend a pupil from school or from riding on a school bus for instigating or participating in fights while under school supervision. RS 17:416.15 allows any local public school to implement a zero tolerance policy for fighting in schools.
Weapons: RS 14:95.2 (1999) determines that it is unlawful for a student or non-student to carry or possess a firearm or dangerous weapon on school property, at school-sponsored events, or in a firearm-free zone. RS 17:416 calls for a principal to immediately suspend a pupil from school or from riding on a school bus for carrying firearms, knives, or other implements that can be used as weapons.
Drugs and Alcohol: RS 40:981.3 (2004) states that violation of the Uniform Controlled Dangerous Substances Law (RS 966-70) in a drug-free zone" is punishable by the maximum fine and up to 1.5 times the maximum imprisonment allowed by the act. RS 17:405 (2003) defines a drug free zone" as an area inclusive of any property used for school purposes by any school an area within one thousand feet of any property used for school purposes by any school a school bus".
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: RS 17:416.17 authorizes elementary schools to collaborate with juvenile justice agencies upon approval of its governing authority. RS 17:251 (2003), the Education/Juvenile Justice Partnership Act, further recognizes that greater communication, coordination, and collaboration between local public school systems and juvenile justice agencies needs to exist in order to effectively address issues of student behavior and discipline. Lastly, RS 17:252 requires each school district to develop and submit a master plan for supporting student behavior and discipline that may include coordination between special education and juvenile justice services.
RS 17:416.16 (2001) requires each school principal to prepare a school crisis response management and response plan with input from local law enforcement and fire, public safety, emergency preparedness officials.
Last Updated: 11/26/2011
603 CMR 26.08 (no date available) requires all school handbooks and codes of conduct to include a nondiscrimination policy that affirms the schools' non-tolerance for harassment and investigative procedures for such complaints and disciplinary measures. The handbook must be distributed annually to students, parents, and school personnel.
Fighting/Gangs: No state policy.
Weapons: General Law 71.37H (no date available) requires school district policies on the code of student conduct to include disciplinary measures to be taken for the possession or use of weapons. Furthermore, all student handbooks must contain provisions that state, "Any student is found on school premises or at a school-sponsored or school-related events, including athletic games, in possession of a dangerous weapon may be subject to expulsion from the school or school district by the principal."
General Law 71.37L (no date available) requires all school department personnel to report in writing to their immediate supervisor any incident involving a student possessing or using a dangerous weapon on school premises at any time. Supervisors must then file said report with the superintendent of the school, who then must file copies of the report with the local chief of police, the department of social services, the office of student services or its equivalent, and the local school committee.
Drugs & Alcohol: General Law 71:37H requires school district policies on the code of student conduct to include disciplinary measures to be taken for the possession or use of illegal substances. The principal of public school is also given authority to expel a student for use or possession of a controlled substance.
General Law 272:40A (no date available) prohibits the sale, distribution, or delivery of alcohol in any public school building or premises. Violators may be imprisoned up to 30 days and fined up to $100.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: No state policy..
Last Updated: 5/18/2011
State Board of Education Regulation 13A.01.04.03 (2003) states that, “All students in Maryland's public schools, without exception and regardless of race, ethnicity, region, religion, gender, sexual orientation, language, socioeconomic status, age, or disability, have the right to educational environments that are safe, appropriate for academic achievement, and free from any form of harassment”.
Safe Schools Act (2010) requires school employees to report any incidents of suspected gang activity or similar destructive or illegal group behavior promptly to the principal and security officer (if one is present). It also requires each county superintendent to require regular school security meetings for each middle school and high school to ensure coordination of gang prevention, intervention and supression.
Last Updated: 6/4/2013
Title 20-A 1001 requires each school board to adopt a district-wide student code of conduct consistent with the statewide standards for student behavior developed under section 254, subsection 11. The student code of conduct must: (a) Define unacceptable student behavior, (b) establish standards of student responsibility for behavior, (c) prescribe consequences for violation of the student code of conduct,(d) describe appropriate procedures for referring students in need of special services to those services, (e) establish criteria to determine when further assessment of a current individual education plan is necessary,(f) Establish policies and procedures concerning the removal of disruptive or violent students or students threatening death or bodily harm to others from a classroom or a school bus, along with student disciplinary and placement decisions, when appropriate, (g) Establish guidelines and criteria concerning the appropriate circumstances when the superintendent or theirdesignee may provide information to the local police or other appropriate law enforcement authorities regarding an offense that involves violence committed by any person on school grounds or other school property; and (h) establish policies and procedures to address bullying, harassment and sexual harassment.
Last Updated: 12/19/2012
The State Board of Education's Policies For Creating Effective Learning Environments (2000) states that public schools promote safe learning environments by periodically assessing their current learning environments, by continually maintaining a positive learning climate, and by promoting appropriate behaviors modeled by staff and practiced by students. This policy is reaffirmed later in the Policies on Bullying (2010). The Policies on Safe Schools (2000) similarly makes it the State Board's policy to undertake proactive, preventative approaches to ensure a safe school environment by involving parents and the broader community, by providing access to alternative programs for troubled youth and by providing appropriate post-traumatic support to victims of school violence. The State Board's Policy on Integrating Mental Health in Schools (2010) recommends that schools utilizie their district's school improvement team to help implement a socially and emotionally healthy school environment for all students and staff.
Last Updated: 11/26/2011
Statute 121A.03 (2000) requires each school board to adopt a model sexual, religious, and racial harassment and violence policy. The Department of Education has a Model Sexual, Religious and Racial Harassment and Violence Policy (2006) for districts to follow. Statute 121A.035 (1999) requires school boards to adopt a district crisis management policy. The policy must include an individual district's plan to respond to potential crisis situations such as natural disasters, hazardous materials, and weapons in schools.
Weapons: Statute 121A.44 (1998) requires the expulsion of a pupil for a period of at least one year for having brought a firearm to school. On a case-by-case basis, the school board may modify an expulsion. Statute 121A.06 (2005) requires the commissioner, in consultation with criminal and justice policy groups, to develop a standardized reporting form for incidents involving the use or possession of a dangerous weapon in school zones.
Drugs and Alcohol: Statute 121A.26 (1998) specifies that each public and non-public school participating in a chemical abuse program must have a pre-assessment team of school administrators and student services staff, and Statute 121A.29 (1998) requires teachers to report known or suspected chemical use by a student to the pre-assessment team. Statute 121A.28 (2005) requires a law enforcement agency to provide written notice of any drug incident involving a student violation to the chemical abuse pre-assessment team.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: Statute 121A.28 (2005) requires a law enforcement agency to provide written notice of any drug incident involving a student violation to the chemical abuse pre-assessment team.
Last Updated: 10/6/2011
The Missouri School Improvement Program (MSIP) (2001) requires that schools are to be orderly and students and staff must feel safe at school. A written code of conduct should be put into place and enforced consistently. Revised Statute 161.650 (2000) requires the department of elementary and secondary education to identify and adopt programs to be administered by public school districts regarding violence prevention.
Last Updated: 9/9/2009
Code 37-11-18.1 (2003) requires s student who does not comply with a behavior modification plan deemed habitually disruptive and subject to automatic expulsion on the 3rd occurrence of disruptive behavior during the school year. Disruptive behavior includes threatening, defiant or abusive language or action toward teachers.
Last Updated: 12/17/2012
Fighting/Gangs: MCA 20-4-302 (1991) gives authority to a person employed or engaged by a school district to use physical restraint, defined as the placing of hands on a pupil in a manner that is reasonable and necessary to quell a disturbance or protect a pupil or others from harm. MCA 45-8-404 (1997) gives additional sentencing penalties of two to four years for criminal street gang-related felonies when committed on the grounds of or within 1,000 feet of public school grounds while class or school-related activities are in session or when minors are using the facilities.
Weapons: MCA 45-8-351 (2011) grants local government the power to prevent the carrying of weapons in schools and firearms by minors. MCA 20-5-202 (2009) requires local districts to adopt a policy requiring a student to be expelled for is determined to have brought a firearm to school and to refer the matter to local law enforcement. MCA 45-8-361 (1999) states the penalties and allows for seizing of weapons found in school buildings, and MCA 20-4-302 allows school employees to use physical restraint to obtain possession of a weapon or other dangerous object on the person of the pupil or within control of the pupil.
Drugs and Alcohol: No state policy.
Last Updated: 9/27/2010
State Board of Education Policy HRS-A-007 (2004) states that every student in public or charter schools should be provided with a safe, orderly, and caring learning environment free from harassment, bullying, or discrimination.
Last Updated: 12/27/2011
Title IV requires a policy for a safe and secure learning environment.
Code 15.1-06-16 (no date available) classifies a person who willfully disturbs a public school or interferes with the proper order or management of a public school through violence, boisterous conduct, or threatening language as having committed a class B misdemeanor.
Code 15.1-19-14 (no date available) allows a school to create or designate a school law enforcement unit.
Fighting/Gangs: No state policy.
Weapons: Code 15.1-19-09 (no date available) allows a student to be suspended for up to 10 days for violating a school districts weapon policy. Code 15.1-19-10 (no date available) instructs the board of each school district to adopt a policy governing the possession of a weapon and firearm by students on school property or at a school function. The policy must also provide for the punishment of any student found to be in violation of the policy, which must include immediate suspension from school and expulsion, one year being required in the case of a firearm.
Drugs and Alcohol: Code 15.1-19-13 (no date available) requires teachers with knowledge that a student "is using, is in possession of, or is delivering alcohol or a controlled substance while the student is on school property, involved in a school-related activity, or in attendance at a school-sponsored event" to notify the principal.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: No state policy.
Last Updated: 12/21/2011
92 NAC 10-011.01 (no date available) requires school facilities to be safe, healthful, and sanitary. The State Board's Anti-Bullying Policy (2003) states
The Nebraska Student Discipline Act (no date available) assures the protection of all elementary and secondary students' constitutional right to due process and fundamental fairness within the context of an orderly and effective educational process. The Act requires the school board to establish and promulgate rules of student conduct which shall be distributed to all student and parents/guardians at the beginning of each school year.
Fighting/Gangs: Statute 79-267 states that causing or attempting to cause personal injury to a school employee, volunteer, or student is grounds for long-term suspension, expulsion, or mandatory reassignment when committed on school grounds, in a vehicle owned, leased, contracted, or being used by the school, or at a school-sponsored activity.
Weapons: Statute 79-267 states that knowingly possessing, handling, or transmitting any material or object that is generally or ordinarily considered a weapon is grounds for long-term suspension, expulsion, or mandatory reassignment when committed on school grounds, in a vehicle owned, leased, or contracted by the school, or at a school-sponsored activity.
Statute 79-263 (1996) requires school districts to adopt a policy requiring at least a one year expulsion for students who possess, use, or transmit firearms on school grounds, at a school-sponsored activity or athletic event, or in a vehicle owned, leased, contracted, or being used by a school for school purposes. Statute 28-1204.04 (no date available) declares that any person who possesses a firearm in a school, on school grounds, at a school-sponsored activity or athletic event, or in a vehicle owned by a school is guilty of a Class II misdemeanor and shall have said firearm confiscated without a warrant by a peace officer or school administrative or teaching personnel.
Drugs and Alcohol: Statute 79-267 states that unlawfully possessing, selling, dispensing, using, or being under the influence of a controlled substance, an imitation, a substance represented to be a controlled substance is grounds for long-term suspension, expulsion, or mandatory reassignment when committed on school grounds, in a vehicle owned, leased, or contracted by the school, or at a school-sponsored activity.
Statute 79-296 (1996) states any person under nineteen years of age who is a student at any public elementary [or] secondary educational institution in this state who possesses, dispenses, delivers, or administers anabolic steroids may be prohibited from participating in any extracurricular activities for not more than thirty consecutive days for the first offense. For the second or any subsequent offense, the student may be barred from participation in such activities for any period of time the institution deems appropriate pursuant to the written policy of the institution."
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: No state policy.
Last Updated: 12/22/2011
RSA 193-G:6 (2003) authorizes schools to implement policies promoting school safety. Rule Ed 306.04 (2005) requires local school boards to implement policies and procedures relative to promoting a school environment conducive to learning.
Last Updated: 1/22/2013
N.J.S.A. 18A:40A-10 and State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-3.1 (2006) require the establishment of a comprehensive program of alcohol, tobacco and other drug abuse prevention, intervention, referral for evaluation, referral for treatment and continuity of care.
N.J.S.A. 18A:40A-10 and State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-3.1(a)5 and N.J.A.C. 6A:9-13.2 establish the requirements for the functions and the certification of student assistance coordinators.
N.J.S.A. 18A:40A and State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-4 establishes the procedural requirements for alcohol and other drug abuse intervention, including policies and procedures, reporting and examination procedures for students suspected of being under the influence of alcohol or other drugs or steroids, and voluntary policies for the random testing of student alcohol or other drug use.
State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-7.1 (2006) requires each school district to develop and implement a code of student conduct that establishes standards, policies and procedures for positive student development and student behavioral expectations on school grounds, and, as appropriate and in accordance with State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-7.6, for conduct away from school grounds.
State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-7.2, 7.3 and 7.5 (2006) establish due process and educational requirements for short and long-term suspensions and expulsions. N.J.A.C. 6A:16-7.6 establishes the parameters for imposing consequences for conduct away from school grounds.
State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-7.8 (2006) establishes standards regarding school district policies and procedures and school staff responses for unexcused absences, including truancy.
N.J.S.A. 18A:37-15 (2002) and State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-7.9 require each school district to adopt, post on its website and annually review and disseminate to parents a policy prohibiting harassment, intimidation and bullying, which includes consequences and remedial actions for offenders. N.J.S.A. 18A:37-17 (2011) requires schools to establish bullying prevention programs and other initiative involving school staff, students, administrators, volunteers, parents, law enforcement and community members designed to create school-wide conditions for preventing and addressing HIB. N.J.S.A. 18A:37-20 requires each school to appoint a school anti-bullying specialist and each school district to appoint a district anti-bullying coordinator. N.J.S.A. 18A:37-21 requires each school to have a school safety team to address school climate issues such as HIB. N.J.S.A. 18A:37-29 requires each school district to observe a Week of Respect beginning with the first Monday in October of each year to recognize the importance of character education by providing age-appropriate instruction focusing on HIB prevention.
N.J.S.A. 18A:36-5.1 requires schools to observe School Violence Awareness Week during the week beginning with the third Monday in October of each year by organizing activities to prevent school violence including, but not limited to, age-appropriate opportunities for student discussion on conflict resolution, issues of student diversity, and tolerance.
State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-5 includes requirements regarding school safety and security plans, incident report of violence, vandalism and alcohol and other drug abuse, access to juvenile information, and removals of students for firearms offenses, assaults with weapons offenses and assaults on district board of education members or employees.
State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-6 includes requirements regarding law enforcement operations for alcohol, other drugs, weapons and safety, including the establishment of policies and procedures, a memorandum of agreement with law enforcement authorities, reporting students or staff members to law enforcement authorities, handling of alcohol or other drugs, firearms and other items, and the confidentiality of students or staff in alcohol or other drug intervention or treatment programs.
Fighting/Gangs: State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-5.5, 5.6 and 5.7 (2006) requires each district board of education to adopt and implement policies addressing students who commit firearms offenses, assaults with weapons offenses and a non weapon-related or firearm-related assaults upon board of education members or employees. Students are to be immediately suspended from school.
Weapons: N.J.S.A. 18A:37-8 (1995), known as the "Zero Tolerance for Guns Act," states that any pupil convicted or adjudicated for possession of a firearm or a crime while armed with a firearm or found knowingly in possession of a firearm on any school property, on a school bus, or at a school-sponsored function shall be immediately removed from the school's regular education program for a period no less than one calendar year and placed in an alternative education program. N.J.A.C. 6A:16-5.5 (2006) requires each school district to adopt and implement policies and procedures regarding student offenses involving firearms, pursuant to the "Zero Tolerance for Guns Act."
N.J.S.A. 18A:37-2.2 (1995) and State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-5.6 (2006) state that any student who commits an assault with a weapon upon a teacher, administrator, board member, other employee of a school board, or another student on any school property, on a school bus, or at a school-sponsored function shall be removed from the school's regular education program for not more than a calendar year, pending a hearing before the local board of education, and placed in an alternative education program.
State Board of Education Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-6 (2006) requires districts to adopt and implement policies and procedures that provide for the cooperation of law enforcement authorities with schools staff regarding matters involving substances, firearms and other deadly weapons.
Drugs and Alcohol:
N.J.S.A. 18A:40A-10 (1987) and State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-3.1 (2006) require the establishment of a comprehensive program of alcohol, tobacco and other drug abuse prevention, intervention, referral for evaluation, referral for treatment and continuity of care.
N.J.S.A. 18A:40A-18 (1987) and State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-3.1(a)5 and N.J.A.C. 6A:9-13.2 establish the requirements for the functions and the certification of student assistance coordinators. (The title of substance awareness coordinator was changed to student assistance coordinator in N.J.S.A. 18A:40A in 2009.)
N.J.S.A. 18A:40A-10 and 11 (1987) and State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-4 (2006) establish the procedural requirements for alcohol and other drug abuse intervention, including policies and procedures, reporting and examination procedures for students suspected of being under the influence of alcohol or other drugs or steroids, and voluntary policies for the random testing of student alcohol or other drug use.
N.J.S.A. 18A:40A-11 (1987) and State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-4.1 (2006) require school districts to adopt policies for the assessment, intervention, referral for evaluation, referral for treatment and discipline of students whose use of alcohol or other drugs has affected their school performance, or for students who consume or are suspected of being under the influence of substances in school or at school functions. This includes anabolic steroids.
State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-5.3 (2006) requires school employees who observe or have direct knowledge of an act of possession or distribution or being under the influence of alcohol or other drugs or an act of violence to file an incident report. N.J.S.A. 18A:40A-22 and State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-4.4 (2006) permit school districts to adopt policies and procedures for the random testing of students for the use of alcohol and controlled dangerous substances, including anabolic steroids, for students in grades 9-12 who participate in extra-curricular activities, including athletics or who possess parking permits.
Executive Order 72 (2005) requires the Department of Education to work in conjunction with the New Jersey State Interscholastic Athletic Association (NJSIAA) to develop and implement a program of random testing for steroids of teams and individual students qualifying for championship games. Under the NJSIAA policy, students are required to consent in writing to random testing before participating in interscholastic sports. Tested athletes are to be selected from all athletes participating in championship competition.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: N.J.S.A. 18A:37-17 (2002) recommends schools and school districts adopt bullying prevention programs that include the involvement of law enforcement. State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-5.1 (2005) requires the chief school administrator to consult with law enforcement agencies and emergency management planners in the development of the district’s plans, procedures and mechanisms for school safety.
State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, and 6.5 (2001) require district boards of education to adopt and implement policies and procedures to ensure cooperation between school staff and law enforcement authorities in all matters relating to the unlawful possession, distribution and disposition of alcohol, drugs, and weapons and safety. Such policies are to include cooperation with the planning and conduct of law enforcement activities and operations occurring on school property, including arrest procedures and undercover school operations, and must be consistent with the policies and procedures established in State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-6 and with the format and content of the Uniform State Memorandum of Agreement Between Education and Law Enforcement Officials established by the Attorney General and the Commissioner of Education.
Last Updated: 5/18/2011
State Board of Education Administrative Code 6.11.2 NMAC (2000) provides a comprehensive framework within which local school boards and districts can carry out their educational mission and exercise their authority and responsibility to provide a safe environment for student learning.
Section 30-31.2.Y NMSA 1978, defines a drug free school zone as a public school or property and the area within 1000’ feet of the school property line.
Fighting/Gangs: State Board of Education Administrative Code 22.214.171.124 NMAC prohibits disruptive conduct and criminal or delinquent acts and gang-related activity inside and within the legal limits of all public schools. Local school boards are granted discretion to develop further rules of conduct.
Last Updated: 7/14/2009
The Unsafe School Choice Option Policy for Nevada (2003) requires students be given the option to attend a safe" public school within the school district per the NCLB Act of 2001.
Fighting/Gangs: NRS 392.4635 (2009) requires the board of trustees of each school district to establish policies that prohibits the activities of gangs on school property, including wearing any clothing or carrying any symbols denoting affiliation or membership in a gang and participating in activity that encourages participation in a gang or facilitates illegal criminal acts. The policy may also include the provision of training for the prevention of activities of criminal gangs on school property.
Last Updated: 3/16/2009
Commissioner's Regulation 100.2 (l) (2001) requires the board of education of each school district to adopt a written policy on school conduct and discipline, which includes strategies and procedures for maintaining and enforcing public order on school property.
Fighting/Gangs: Commissioner's Regulation 100.2 (l) and Education Law 2801 (no date available) require each board of education to adopt and enforce a code of conduct, which includes disciplinary measures to be taken in incidents involving the use of physical force.
Weapons: Commissioner's Regulation 100.2 (l) and Education Law 2801 (no date available) require each board of education to adopt and enforce a code of conduct, which includes disciplinary measures to be taken in incidents involving the possession or use of weapons.
Drugs and Alcohol: Commissioner's Regulation 100.2 (l) and Education Law 2801 (no date available) require each board of education to adopt and enforce a code of conduct, which includes disciplinary measures to be taken in incidents involving the possession or use of illegal substances.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: Education Law 2801-a requires every school board to make collaborative arrangements with state and local law enforcement officials to aid in violence prevention and intervention strategies, such as the training and recruitment of school security officers.
Last Updated: 2/2/2011
Fighting/Gangs: No state policy.
Weapons: ORC 2923.122 (2004) prohibits any person from conveying, attempting to convey, or knowingly possessing a deadly weapon or dangerous ordnance in a school safety zone. Violation of this statute is a fifth degree felony for a first offense and a felony of the fourth degree for subsequent offenses. Objects indistinguishable from a firearm and indicating that it is real is also prohibited. Violations are considered first degree misdemeanors for first time offenders and fifth degree felonies for subsequent offenses. Also, those offenders under the age of 19 will have their driver's licenses suspended.
Drugs and Alcohol: No state policy.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: No state policy.
Last Updated: 10/8/2008
Statute 70-24-100.3 (2002) established the goal of creating an environment free of unnecessary disruption, which is conducive to the learning process by implementing policies for the prevention of harassment, intimidation, and bullying.
Statute 70-24-100.6 (2007) allows students who have been vicitims of certain felony offenses by other students, as well as the siblings of the student victims, have the right to be kept separated from the student offender both at school and during school transportation.
Fighting/Gangs: The state does not have a policy specifically addressing fighting and gang activity by students in schools. However, Statute 10-7302-7.1 (2004) provides programs for adjudicated delinquents and highest risk children and their families who live in at-risk neighborhoods and communities as well as aiding all communities in developing delinquency and gang intervention and prevention programs and activities.
Weapons: Statute 21-1280.1 (1999) states that it is unlawful for any person to possess a firearm or weapon on any public or private school property or while in any school bus or vehicle used by any school for transportation of students or teachers. Violation of this statute constitutes a felony punishable by a fine not to exceed $5,000 and imprisonment for up to two years. A person in violation of this statute who has a concealed handgun license will have their license permanently revoked and be fined $100.
Drugs and Alcohol: Statute 70-1210.229-2 (1992) encourages schools to implement drug and alcohol abuse prevention programs. Statute 70-1210.229-5 (1991) requires the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, the Department of Education, and the Drug and Alcohol Abuse Policy Board to establish and annually review model drug and alcohol abuse policies, including disciplinary actions.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: Statute 70-24-132.1 (2001) requires every school authority to immediately deliver any weapon or firearm, removed or otherwise seized from any minor, to a law enforcement authority for appropriate disposition.
Last Updated: 10/8/2008
OAR 581-022-0606 (1996) requires school districts to develop and implement a written improvement plan for the district and each school, to include programs and policies for a safe school environment. Also, Chapter 617 Oregon Laws (2001) states "a safe and civil learning environment is necessary for students to learn and achieve high academic standards".
ORS 342.700 (1997) also requires school districts to adopt a policy on sexual harassment that meets the requirements under ORS 342.704 (1997) and have said policy posted in all grade 6-12 schools. The policy must prohibit all staff and students from participating in acts of sexual harassment, defined in detail in this statute.
Fighting/Gangs: ORS 339.250 allows district boards to authorize the discipline, suspension, or expulsion of any student who assaults either a school employee or another student. Teachers, administrators, and school employees and volunteers are also given authority to use reasonable physical force upon a student when necessary to maintain order in the school, classroom, or at a school activity or event on or off school property.
Weapons: ORS 339.250 requires school districts to have a policy requiring at least an one year suspension for students who bring, possess, conceal, or use a weapon to school, on school property under the jurisdiction of the district, to a school activity under the jurisdiction of the district, or to an interscholastic activity administered by a voluntary organization approved the State Board of Education. The incident must also be referred to the appropriate law enforcement agency.
ORS 339.315 (1999) further specifies that any employee of a public school district, an education service district, or a private school with reasonable cause to believe a person, while in school, is or has within 120 days possessed a firearm or destructive device must report this information to a school administrator, director, designee, or law enforcement within the county. An administrator, director, or designee must then promptly report such information to law enforcement within the county. If it has been more than 120 days, then law enforcement may but need not be contacted.
Drugs and Alcohol: No state policy.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: Chapter 617 Oregon Laws calls for the Center for School Safety to develop a plan that engages local community agencies, including law enforcement agencies in assessing public school safety and student discipline procedures.
ORS 339.250 requires school districts to have a policy requiring cases of expulsion due to weapons use or possession by referred to the appropriate law enforcement agency. ORS 339.315 further requires any school employee, director, or administrator, public or a private, with reasonable cause to believe a person, while in school, is or has within 120 days possessed a firearm or destructive device to report this information to law enforcement within the county.
Last Updated: 1/2/2012
No specific state policy requires a safe and secure learning environment. However, 24 P.S. 13-1302-A (1999) does create the Office for Safe Schools within the Department of Education, whose concern is promoting safe school environments.
Fighting/Gangs: No state policy.
Weapons: 24 P.S. 13-1317.2 (1997) requires school districts and area voc-tech schools to expel students for at least one year who have been found to have brought or possessed a weapon on any school property, school-sponsored activity, or any public conveyance providing transportation to a school or school-sponsored activity.
Allowable exceptions are weapons needed for school approved programs and unloaded weapons possessed while traversing school property for the purpose of obtaining access to public or private lands used for lawful hunting, if entry is authorized by school authorities.
Drugs and Alcohol: No state policy.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: 24 P.S. 13-1303-A requires all school entities to develop a memorandum of understanding with local law enforcement, setting forth procedures to be followed when an incident involving an act of violence or possession of a weapon occurs on school property.
Last Updated: 2/13/2013
Statute 16-2-17 (1956) states that each student, staff member, teacher, and administrator have a right to attend/work at a school that is safe and secure, conducive to learning, and free from threat, actual or implied, of physical harm by a disruptive student. This statute also allows school committees or school principals to suspend a pupil found guilty of disruptive conduct or where a student represents a threat to the rights of students, teachers or administrators from attending/working in a safe and secure school environment.
Last Updated: 9/17/2009
Code 59-17-135 requires schools to provide for the safest environment possible for students to learn. Regulation R 43-279 (1991) sets the minimum student code of conduct standards that are to be implemented by local school districts. Code 59-10-320 (2005) requires the State Department of Education to make available to each district a coordinated school health model to address children's health issues, including safe and healthy environment.
Fighting/Gangs: State Board of Education Regulation R 43-279 categorizes fighting as disruptive conduct level II and should be given consequences accordingly.
Weapons: State Board of Education Regulation R 43-279 categorizes the possession, use or transfer of dangerous weapons as disruptive conduct level
Drugs and Alcohol: State Board of Education Regulation R 43-279 categorizes the possession or use of unauthorized substances as a disruptive conduct level II and should be given consequences accordingly. The furnishing, selling, or possession of unauthorized substances or controlled substances, including narcotics and drugs, is categorized as a disruptive conduct level
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: Code 59-63-140 encourages schools and districts to establish bullying prevention programs and other initiatives involving law enforcement.
Last Updated: 1/12/2013
Administrative Rule 24:08:03:01 (2001) requires educators to make a reasonable effort to maintain discipline and order in the classroom and the school system to protect the students from conditions harmful to learning, physical and emotional well-being, health, and safety.
Last Updated: 9/29/2011
Code Ann. § 49-6-4216 (2000) requires LEAs to adopt written policies and procedures to ensure a safe and secure learning environment. Code Ann. § 49-6-3401 (2007) allows a principal, principal-teacher or assistant principal to suspend any pupil from attendance at a specific class, classes or school-sponsored activity without suspending such pupil from attendance at school pursuant to an in-school suspension policy adopted by the LEA.
Last Updated: 10/1/2010
Objective 8 of Education Code 4.001 (2003) states that, school campuses will maintain a safe and disciplined environment conducive to student learning." Education Code 37.001 (2003) requires the board of trustees to adopt a student code of conduct for the district.
Fighting/Gangs: Texas has no specific state policy concerning physical fighting; however, Education Code 37.001 (2001) requires the board of trustees of an independent school district to adopt a student code of conduct, which must include circumstances in which a student may be removed from a classroom or campus and suspended or expelled. Such circumstances, per Education Code 37.005 37.007 (2001), including aggravated assault. Education Code 37.121 (2003) also states it is illegal to be a member of, pledge to be a member of, join, or solicit members to join a public school gang. Such offense is considered a class C misdemeanor.
Weapons: Education Code 37.125 (1995) states that exhibiting, using, or threatening to use or exhibit a firearm, interfering with the normal use of a building, portion of campus, or school bus being used to transport children to or from school-sponsored activities of a public or private school is a third degree felony.
Education Code 37.007 (2003) makes the use, exhibition, or possession of a firearm, illegal knife, club, or other weapon an expellable offense when committed on school property or while attending a school-sponsored or school-related activity, on or off school property. Further, it is also illegal to possess a firearm within 300 feet of school property. Firearms possession carries a mandatory one year expulsion.
Education Code 37.0021 (2003) states that locked, unattended confinement is not prohibited in an emergency situation while waiting for law enforcement if the student possesses a weapon and may potentially cause bodily harm to others.
Drugs and Alcohol: Education Code 38.007 (1995) requires the board of trustees of a school district to prohibit the use of alcoholic beverages at school-related or school-sanctioned activities on or off school property. Further, the board shall attempt to provide a safe alcohol-free environment to students coming to or going from school".
Education Code 37.007 makes the possession, sale, giving, delivery, use, or being under the influence of a controlled substance, dangerous drug, or alcoholic beverage an expellable offense within 300 feet of school property or at a school-sponsored or school-related activity. Such students are required to be removed to a disciplinary alternative education program, per Education Code 37.006 (2003).
Education Code 38.008 (1995) requires every school with students in the 7th grade or higher to post in a conspicuous location in the school gym and each other location where physical education is held a notice, detailed within this statute, about the dangers and illegality of anabolic steroids.
Education Code 33.091 (2007) requires the athletic league to adopt rules for the administration of a state wide random steroid testing program under which students participating in an athletic competition sponsored or sanctioned by the league are tested for the presence of steroids in students' bodies. The rules for the steroid testing program must (1) require each school district to submit to the league a list of students who are subject to testing, (2) establish a statistically significant number of students, (3) provide for the generation of a random list of selected students to be tested by each school district, and (4) require each school district to test the selected students at a league-approved, certified laboratory.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: Education Code 37.015 (2003) requires every public or private school principal to notify law enforcement if there are reasonable grounds to believe that a criminal offense, detailed in this statute, has or will occur in school, on school property, or at a school-sponsored or school-related activity on or off school property. Education Code 38.007 also requires districts to collaborate with law enforcement to attempt to provide a safe alcohol-free environment to students coming to or going from school.
Last Updated: 4/26/2010
R277-609 (2006) requires that each school district and charter school develop and implement "a board approved comprehensive district plan for school discipline." The plan must include: (1) goals, objectives (emphasizing the teaching of self-discipline, citizenship and social skills), (2) an evaluation process, (3) an ongoing staff development program related to self-discipline, good citizenship and social skills, (4) policies and procedures related to the use and abuse of alcohol and controlled substances, and (5) policies to define, prohibit, and intervene in bullying, including the requirement of awareness and intervention strategies and training for social skills, for students and school staff.
Last Updated: 11/16/2010
Code 22.1-279.6 (2005) requires school boards to adopt a code of student conduct to preserve a safe, non-disruptive environment for effective teaching and learning. Code 22.1-279.9 (2004) also requires school boards to develop prevention programs for violence and crime on school property and at school-sponsored events.
Last Updated: 2/29/2012
16 VSA 565 (2003) requires all
Board Rule 4000 (2004) requires local education agencies to ensure any student a persistently dangerous school or who is the victim of a violent criminal offense on public school grounds be allowed to attend a safe public school.
Last Updated: 10/6/2010
Fighting/Gangs: RCW 28A.600.455 (1997) allows public school students that are members of a gang and knowingly engages in gang activity on school grounds to expelled or suspended.
RCW 28A.300.280 (1994) requires, The superintendent of public instruction and the office of the attorney general, in cooperation with the Washington state bar association, [to] develop a volunteer-based conflict resolution and mediation program for use in community groups such as neighborhood organizations and the public schools. The program shall use lawyers to train students who in turn become trainers and mediators for their peers in conflict resolution".
Weapons: RCW 28A.600.420 (1997) states, Any elementary or secondary school student who is determined to have carried a firearm onto, or to have possessed a firearm on, public elementary or secondary school premises, public school-provided transportation, or areas of facilities while being used exclusively by public schools, shall be expelled from school for not less than one year". Furthermore, any malicious act involving the display of an instrument that appears or appeared to be a firearm shall be subject up to a one-year suspension. Any student involved in authorized military education training with rifles, authorized convention lecture, or demonstration in firearms safety, or authorized rifle competition is exempt from this policy.
RCW 28A.320.130 (1993) requires each school district and private school to report to the superintendent of public instruction all known incidents involving the possession of weapons on school premises, on transportation systems, or in areas of facilities while being used exclusively by public or private schools.
Drugs and Alcohol: No state policy.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: RCW 28A.600.475 (1998) allows schools and law enforcement to share and exchange information to the extent that the Family Educational and Privacy Rights Act of 1974 allows.
Last Updated: 3/26/2013
Statute 120.13 requires school districts to adopt codes of conduct , gives teachers authority to remove unruly pupils from class, and specifies the types of behaviors that may lead to suspension and expulsion. Code PI 23.04 (2003) requires a school district allow a student to transfer to another school in the school district if the student has been a victim of a violent criminal offense.
Fighting/Gangs: Statute 115.368 (1995) requires the Department of Public Instruction to provide consultation and technical assistance to public and private schools for the development and implementation of protective behaviors programs, aimed at preventing physically intrusive and abusive situations.
Statute 118.07(4) requires school boards to adopt safety plans for each school.
Weapons: Statute 120.13 (2001) requires the school district administrator or any principal or teacher designated by the district administrator to suspend a student for possessing a firearm at school or while under the supervision of a school authority. This statute also requires a school board to expel a student for at least one year for possession of a firearm while at school or under the supervision of a school authority.
Code PI 23.05 (2003) defines a school as persistently dangerous if a school board expelled at least 1% of its pupils for assault, endangering behavior or weapons-related offense. Code PI 23.04 requires a school district allow a student to transfer to another school in the school district if the student attends a school that has been identified as persistently dangerous.
Drugs and Alcohol: No state policy specific to school premises.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: Act 292 (2004) allows schools and law enforcement agencies to share confidential information regarding students who are subjects of investigations prior to adjudication, if a memorandum of understanding exists.
Last Updated: 12/19/2010
Code 18-2C-1 (2001) finds that a safe and civil environment in school is necessary for students to learn and achieve high academic standards. The law then charges all school employees to set an appropriate example to encourage a safe learning environment.
Board Policy 2510 (2008) sets forth regulations for schools to provide a safe and caring environment that fosters supportive relationships, is free from harassment, intimidation, bullying, discrimination and other inappropriate forms of conduct, and involves parents. Board Policy 4373 (2002) sets the requirements for the conduct of students to assure a violence and harassment free learning environment. The rule specifically outlines unacceptable behavior by students and charges county boards of education with the implementation of this policy.
Fighting/Gangs: Board Policy 4373 (2002) sets forth the required code of conduct for all students in the state. The rule details the disciplinary action and procedure to be taken in the event of a physical altercation, a Level
Weapons: Board Policy 4373 sets forth the required code of conduct for all students in the state. The rule details the disciplinary action and procedure to be taken against a student who possesses a firearm or deadly weapon on or in any school building, structure, facility, grounds, or school-sponsored function, in violation of Code 18A-5-1A, a Level IV" punishable offense.
Drugs and Alcohol: Board Policy 2422.5 (2005) and Policy 4373 prohibit the possession, use, or distribution of any alcohol product, illegal substance, or drug paraphernalia on property owned, leased, or operated by schools, at an education-sponsored event, on a school bus or vehicle used for school related events, or at a school-sponsored activity or event. Such violations are subject to suspension or expulsion as a Level
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: Code 18-2C-5 recommends schools and county boards involve law enforcement in harassment, intimidation, and bullying programs and initiatives.
Last Updated: 3/25/2012
Fighting/Gangs: Statute 21-4-306 states that Torturing, tormenting, or abusing a pupil or in any way maltreating a pupil or a teacher with physical violence" is grounds for suspension or expulsion.
Weapons: Statute 21-4-305 (1977) requires the district superintendent to expel from school for a period of one year any student determined to possess, use, transfer, carry or sell a deadly weapon within any school bus or within the boundaries of real property used by the district primarily for the education of students in grades kindergarten through twelve". Statute 21-4-306 further states that to possess, use, transfer, carry or sell a deadly weapon within any school bus or within the boundaries of real property used by the district primarily for the education of students in grades kindergarten through twelve is grounds for suspension or expulsion.
State Board Policy 7217, (no date available) prohibits visitors from possessing, storing, making, or using a weapon in any setting that is under the control and supervision of the Board for the purpose of school activities approved and authorized by the Board including, but not limited to, property leased, owned, or contracted for by the Board, a school-sponsored event, or in a Board-owned vehicle". Policy 3217 (no date available) applies the same to professional staff members.
Drugs and Alcohol: All 48 Wyoming School districts have specific policies in place prohibiting illegal drug and alcohol use on district property.
Collaboration with Law Enforcement: No state policy.
Click the Print button to print only the content portion of the page. The left menu area and top header will not be printed