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Physical Activity Other Than Physical Education

Alaska

Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
: No state policy requiring or recommending.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School:  No state policy


Alabama

Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
: No state policy requiring or recommending recess.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Arkansas

Last Updated: 12/28/2013

General Physical Activity Requirement: Act 317 (2007) requires 90 minutes of additional physical activity per week for grades K-6, which may include physical education in addition to the general physical education requirement, daily recess, or intramural sports. 

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: HR1023 (2008) urges school districts to provide a mid-morning and mid-afternoon recess of at least ten minutes for all students in grades K-6.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Arizona

Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
: No state policy.

Recess Before Lunch:
No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


California

Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy. However, Education Code 49432 (2001) allows every public school to post a summary of nutrition and physical activity laws and regulations, and requires the posting of the districts policies in all school cafeterias or other central eating area in public view.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: Code 33350 (1976) encourages districts to provide daily recess periods for elementary school students. CCR Title 5, Div 1, Chap 2, Subchap 1, Art 2, Sec 304 (no date available) requires every pupil to leave the room at recess "unless it would occasion an exposure of health." CCR Title 5, Div 1, Chap 2, Subchap 1, Art 3, Sec 352 states that a student shall not be required to remain in school during intermission at noon, or during any recess.

Recess Before Lunch:
No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School
:
Streets and Highways Code 2333.5 (1999) requires the Department of Transportation, in conjunction with California Highway Patrol, to establish and administer a Safe Routes to School program. Under the program, the Department is required to make grants available to local governmental agencies for the construction of bicycle and pedestrian safety and traffic calming projects. Two of the areas grants may focus on are encouraging increased walking and bicycling among students and identification of current and potential walking and bicycling routes to school. The Department of Transportation is required to report to the Legislature on the impact of the program on rates of bicycling and walking to or from school.


Colorado

Last Updated: 10/11/2011

General Physical Activity Requirement: HB 11-1069 (2011) requires each school district board of education to adopt a policy that incorporates a minimum number of minutes of physical activity each month, or each day if the school meets less than 5 days per week, into each elementary school student's schedule. The requirement for students who attend 5 days per week for a full day is 600 minutes per month. The state charter school institute must ensure that each institute charter school, working with its school accountability committee, adopts and implements a physical activity policy that complies with the minimum requirements for a school district policy. If a school currently provides more than the minimum required minutes of physical activity, it cannot reduce the number of minutes except for budgetary reasons. A school cannot substitute noninstructional physical activity for standards-based physical education instruction.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy recommending or requiring recess.

Recess Before Lunch: The School Site Resource Kit: Implementation Guide for the Colorado Physical Activity and Nutrition State Plan (2010) recommends that schools implement recess before lunch.

Walking/Biking to School: Statute 43-1-1601 (2004) requires the Department of Transportation to establish and administer a Safe Routes to School program to distribute federal funds to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety in school areas. Grants may address various construction issues, installation of crossings and signs, traffic-calming and diversion measures, and educational programs. Criteria for awarding grants includes the potential of the project to encourage walking and bicycling among students and the identification and improvement of existing and potential walking and bicycling routes.


Connecticut

Last Updated: 5/16/2013

General Physical Activity Requirement.: The State Board of Education's Position Statement on Nutrition and Physical Activity (2005) states that local school boards should establish policies and procedures that, help schools promote regular physical activity."  Local boards should also require schools to allow time in the curriculum for physical activity and to incorporate these concepts throughout all subjects".  Physical activity goals should also be incorporated into school improvement plans.

The Action Guide for School Nutrition and Physical Activity Policies (2009) provides guidelines and policy recommendations to local districts for physical activity, along with other areas.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: While not specifying "recess," Chapter 170 Section 10-221 (2003) requires each local and regional board of education to include a period of physical exercise in the regular school day for students in grades K-5. Public Act 12-116 (2012) requires a period of not less than 20 minutes total.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


District of Columbia

Last Updated: 4/28/2013

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: Section 401 of the Healthy Students Act of 2010 states that schools shall have the goal for children to engage in physical activity for 60 minutes each day. Schools shall promote this goal and seek to maximize physical activity, including promoting active recess.

Recess Before Lunch: No policy

Walking/Biking to School:  No policy.

Interscholastic Athletics:  Section 401 of the Healthy Students Act of 2010 states that schools shall have the goal for children to engage in physical activity for 60 minutes each day. Schools shall promote this goal and seek to maximize physical activity, including supporting athletic programs.


Delaware

Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy recommending or requiring recess.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: Administrative Code 10:17 (2002) authorizes the Department of Transportation to establish and administer a Safe Routes to School program to make grants available to schools and school districts. Grants are to be used to decrease child injuries and fatalities and to increase bicycling and walking among students.


Florida

Last Updated: 3/30/2013

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
: No state policy recommending or requiring recess.

Recess Before Lunch:  No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School
: Statute 335.066 (2002) establishes a Safe Paths to Schools Program in the Department of Transportation to consider the planning and construction of bicycle and pedestrian ways to provide safe transportation for children from neighborhoods to schools, parks, and the state’s greenways and trails system.


Georgia

Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
: No state policy.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Hawaii

Last Updated: 10/30/2011
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Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: State Board of Education Policy 1110-6 (2006) requires the Department of Education to establish regulations or guidelines for physical activity. The resulting Wellness Guidelines (2006) requires public schools to provide all students in all grades with at least 20 minutes a day of supervised recess, during which schools must encourage moderate to vigorous physical activity. At the middle and high school levels, the policy is interpreted as requiring schools to provide the means to be physically active (intramurals, equipment, etc). The policy must be implemented by the 2010-2011 school year.

The Wellness Guidelines (2006) state that schools may not use physical activity as a punishment nor withhold opportunities for physical activity as punishment.

 

Last Updated: 7/22/2012

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy. However State Board of Education Policy 1110-6 (2006) requires the Department of Education to establish regulations or guidelines for physical activity. The resulting Wellness Guidelines (2006) requires public schools to provide all students in all grades with at least 20 minutes a day of supervised recess, during which schools must encourage moderate to vigorous physical activity.

Recess Before Lunch:
No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School
: Statute 291C-A (2012) creates a safe routes to school program within the department of transportation and creates a position of safe routes to school program coordinator.A county designated office, through the county safe routes to school program coordinator, and in consultation with the department of education, department of health, and Hawaii Association of Independent Schools, must provide safe routes to school funds for school-based and community-based workshops and infrastructure and non-infrastructure projects that will reduce vehicular traffic and congestion, encourage walking and bicycling, and promote health and safety around Hawaii’s schools.


Iowa

Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: Iowa Code 256.11(6) (2009)  requires physically able students in K-5 to engage in physical activity for a minimum of 30 minutes per school day, grades 6-12 minimum of 120 minutes per week. Exemptions may be granted on the basis of conflict with religious beliefs, upon a written request from a parent. For students in grades 6-12, the requirement may be met by participation in interscholastic athletics, school-sponsored marching band, show choir, dance, drill, cheer or similar activities, specified nonschool sports activities, or similar endeavors that involve movement, manipulation or exertion of the body.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: The model Iowa Association of School Board's model Wellness Policy (2010), include a physical activity component. Specifically, at least 20 minutes a day of recess are recommended, preferably outdoors, that encourages moderate vigorous activity and discourages more than two hours of inactivity a day. The policy also recommends withholding recess should not be used as a tool for punishment.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Idaho

Last Updated: 2/28/2013

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy recommending or requiring recess.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Illinois

Last Updated: 10/31/2011

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy. However 105 ICLS 5/2.137(2005) requires the State Board of Education to establish a program that recognizes schools that have implemented programs that increase the physical activity of students and have adopted policies/programs to promote healthy nutritional choices. Public Act 096-1223 (2010) requires the State Board of Education to develop and maintain a nutritional and physical activity best practices database. The database must contain results of any wellness-related fitness testing done by local school districts, as well as information on successful programs and policies implemented by local school districts designed to improve nutrition and physical activity in the public schools. The database must be readily accessible to all local school districts statewide.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy. However, recess may count toward the daily physical education mandate 105 ILCS 5/27-6 (1996) at the elementary level as long as it is supervised by a certified teacher.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: 20 ILCS 2705/2705-317 (2002) requires the State Board of Education, in consultation with the Department of Transportation, to establish and administer a Safe Routes to School Program under which grants from federal and State transportation funds are awarded to local governmental agencies seeking to provide bicycle facilities (such as paths), sidewalks, crossing guards, and traffic-calming measures to enable children to bicycle or walk safely to school. Two of the areas grants may focus on are encouraging increased walking and bicycling among students and identification of current and potential walking and bicycling routes to school.


Indiana

Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess Before Lunch:
No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Last Updated: 2/1/2010
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Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: IAC 20-30-5-7.5 (2006) requires school corporations to provide daily physical activity for students in elementary school consisting of curriculum and programs and may include the use of recess beginning in the 2006-07 school year.


Kansas

Last Updated: 8/28/2013

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: The Wellness Policy Guidelines (2010) approved by the State Board of Education recommends elementary schools provide at least 20 minutes of supervised recess daily, preferably outdoors. The “Advanced” level includes periodic breaks during which students are encouraged to stand and be moderately active. The “Exemplary” level includes opportunities for physical activity regularly incorporated into other subject areas, and classroom teachers provide short physical activity breaks between lessons or classes, as appropriate.


Recess Before Lunch: The Wellness Policy Guidelines (2010) "exemplary" level includes schools offering recess before lunch.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Kentucky

Last Updated: 5/22/2013

General Physical Activity Requirement:  Revised Statute 160.345 (2005) requires local wellness policies to be developed only for LEAs containing grades K-5. The policy must include moderate to vigorous physical activity each day and encourage healthy choices among students. The policy may permit physical activity to be considered part of the instructional day, not to exceed 30 minutes per day, or 150 minutes per week. LEAs must also adopt an assessment tool to determine each child's level of physical activity on an annual basis.
Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School:  No state policy.


Louisiana

Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: RS 17:17.1 (2009) requires each public K-8 elementary school to provide a minimum of 30 minutes each school day of quality moderate to rigorous physical activity for students. For those students under IEPs, suitable adapted physical activity is required and for those students not enrolled in a physical education course at a secondary school, they are encouraged to participate in moderate to vigorous physical activity, commensurate with the ability of the student, for at least 30 minutes per day. The statute additionally requires the school board to report to the State Board on their compliance of this policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy requiring or recommending recess.

Recess Before Lunch:
No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.

 


Massachusetts

Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy requiring or recommending recess.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School
: No state policy.


Maryland

Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy requiring or recommending recess.

Recess Before Lunch: The State Department of Education includes providing recess before lunch as a sample goal in its guidance document for wellness policy implmentation and monitoring, Making Wellness Work: A Guide to Implementing and Montoring Welness Policies in Maryland  (2009).

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Maine

Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement:  No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy recommending or requiring recess.

Recess Before Lunch: The Guidelines for Coordinating School Health Programs/Nutrition and Food Services Guidelines (2002) recommend schools to consider recess before lunch to improve student behavior and increase nutrition intake.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Michigan

Last Updated: 5/27/2013

General Physical Activity Requirement: The State Board of Education Model Policy on Quality Physical Education and Physical Activity in Schools recommends that all public schools offer daily opportunities for physical activity, both structured and unstructured, apart from the physical education program, for all students K-12. Recommendations include offering at least 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity during the school day, outside of the physical education class. This includes at least 20 minutes of scheduled recess and/or daily periods of physical activity breaks incorporated throughout the day for all grades. In addition, physical activity, including recess, may not be denied or used for disciplinary reasons, or to make up lessons or class work. All teachers should be trained in how to integrate physical activity into their classrooms. Sedentary time should be limited to less than 2 hours at one time.
 


Last Updated: 5/28/2013

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: State Board of Education Model Policy on Quality Physical Education and Physical Activity in Schools recommends that all public schools offer daily opportunities for physical activity, both structured and unstructured, apart from the physical education program, for all students K-12. Recommendations include offering at least 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity during the school day, outside of the physical education class. This includes at least 20 minutes of scheduled recess and/or daily periods of physical activity breaks incorporated throughout the day for all grades.

The Michigan State Board of Education's Policies for Creating Effective Learning Environments (2000) recommends that public schools offer daily recess or physical activity periods for elementary and middle school students, and offer physical education programs at all grade levels with accommodations for students who need them. The Model Local Wellness Policy (2005) recommends districts adopt policies for implementing programs that are conducive to physical activity. Further, the Board assigns public schools the duty to help students and families make good, lifelong, and beneficial health choices. Recess is also recommended in the State Board's Policy on Quality Physical Education (2003).


Last Updated: 5/28/2013

Recess Before Lunch: The Model Local Wellness Policy (2005) recommends that schools schedule recess before lunch.

The State Board of Education Model Policy on Quality Physical Education and Physical Activity in Schools strongly encourages recess before lunch.

Walking/Biking to School
: The State Board of Education Model Policy on Quality Physical Education and Physical Activity in Schools (2012) states that students and staff members will be encouraged and supported to safely walk or bike to school as often as possible.


Minnesota

Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy requiring physical activity. However the Healthy Kids Bill (2010) establishes the Healthy Kids Award program to reward K-12 schools that implement policies and practices that create opportunities for students to be physically active and make healthy food choices throughout the school day. The program seeks to integrate physical activity into non-physical education classes, recess and extracurricular activities throughout the day in addition to the physical education received in physical education classes.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: The Healthy Kids Bill (2010) encourages the Department of Education to develop guidelines that local districts can adopt to promote quality recess practices and behaviors that engage all students, increase their activity levels, build social skills, and decrease behavioral levels.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Missouri

Last Updated: 8/28/2013

General Physical Activity Requirement: MRS 167.720 (2009) requires districts to ensure that elementary students participate in moderate physical activity for the entire school year, for an average of 150 minutes per five-day school week, or an average of 30 minutes per day. This also includes students in alternative education programs. Students with disabilities shall participate in moderate physical activity to the extent appropriate as determined by the provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. The statute does not require, but allows students in middle schools to participate in at least 225 minutes of physical activity per school week, at the schools. The elementary requirement may be met by additional physical education instruction, or by other activities approved by the individual school district under the direction of any certified teacher or administrator, or other school employee under their supervision.

Interscholastic Athletics: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: MRS 167.720 (2009) requires elementary schools to provide students a minimum of one recess period of twenty minutes per day. This may be incorporated into the lunch period.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.

Mississippi

Last Updated: 12/29/2013

General Physical Activity Requirement: Code 37-13-134 (2007) requires150 minutes weekly of physical activity based-instruction for grades K-8, and State Board of Education Policy 4012 requires that at least 50 minutes of that must be provided as physical education. Graduation requirements include  ½ unit of physical activity or physical education

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
:
 No state policy, although in State Board Policy 4011 the Mississippi Department of Education recognizes that moving recess before lunch, through a simple schedule change, may provide many benefits for students in grades K-12. 

Recess Before Lunch:
No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School
:
No state policy.


Montana

Last Updated: 12/17/2012

General Physical Activity Requirement:  Senate Joint Resolution No. 2 (2003) urges districts to provide opportunities for physical activity whenever possible.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state recommending or requiring recess.

Recess Before Lunch: The Montana Office of Public Instruction encourages schools to adopt a recess before lunch policy. Extensive resources, information and marketing and implementation materials and have been developed to support schools in this effort. 

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


North Carolina

Last Updated: 5/7/2010

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School
: No state policy.


Last Updated: 12/20/2010
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General Physical Activity Requirement: State Board of Education Policy GCS-S-000 (2005) requires schools to provide a minimum of 30 minutes daily of moderate to vigorous physical activity to all K-8 students. This may be completed through regular physical education, physical activities, recess, dance, classroom energizers, or other curriculum based physical education activity program. The physical activity must involve physical exertion of at least a moderate to vigorous intensity level and for a duration sufficient to provide a significant health benefit to students.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
: Although there is no specific recess requirement, State Board State Board of Education Policy GCS-S-000 (2005) requires schools to provide a minimum of 30 minutes daily of moderate to vigorous physical activity to all K-8 students.  Recess is often used to fulfill this requirement. In addition, the policy prohibits taking away structured/unstructured recess and other physical activity from students as a form of punishment. In addition, it prohibits using severe and inappropriate exercise as a form of punishment for students.

 


North Dakota

Last Updated: 12/21/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
: No state policy recommending or requiring recess.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Nebraska

Last Updated: 12/22/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
: No state policy recommending or requiring recess.

Recess Before Lunch:  No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


New Hampshire

Last Updated: 12/22/2011

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: State Board of Education Rule Ed 310.04 (2005) requires the developmentally appropriate daily physical activity policy to encourage physical activity recess periods."

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


New Jersey

Last Updated: 12/21/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
: No state policy recommending or requiring recess.

Recess Before Lunch: The School Nutrition Policy recommends scheduling recess before lunch.whenever possible.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


New Mexico

Last Updated: 5/17/2011

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy requiring physical activity. However, 6.12.6 NMAC (2006) requires each  school district and charter school to develop and implement a policy that addresses student and employee wellness through a coordinated school health approach to include guidelines to provide physical activity opportunities, other than physical education, to students before, during and/or after school.

The School District Wellness Policy Guidance document contains a Physical Activities template that lists numerous types of physical activities that could be included in a local school physical activities policy.  The template also recommends that schools not withhold student physical activity time (recess, physical activity breaks, etc.) as punishment.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: The School Wellness Policy Guidance Document recommends that schools provide daily recess for all elementary students. It also recommends that all districts prohibit withholding physical activity (physical education class, recess, etc) as a means/method of punishment.

Recess Before Lunch:  The School Wellness Policy Guidance Document recommends that all schools consider scheduling recess before lunch.

Walking/Biking to School: 66-7-501 NMSA (2003) creates the Safe Routes to School program to increase and make safer a student's ability to walk or ride a bicycle to school. The program may be used to provide assistance to the state, counties and municipalities to identify school route hazards and implement engineering improvements, to develop grant evaluation criteria and to include information about the safe routes to school program in public awareness campaigns.

In SJM55 (2003), the Legislature requests the Department of Transportation to direct more of its efforts and federal funding on improving bicycle and pedestrian access and traffic-calming measures in school zones. It further asks the state highway and transportation department to work with committees, school districts, law enforcement agencies, parents, teachers and school administrators to develop innovative programs and initiatives to create safe routes to school.


Nevada

Last Updated: 12/20/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: The Statewide School Wellness Policy (2006) requires each local education agency to designate at least 30 minutes of time daily for physical activity at all grade levels K-12.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
: No state policy specifically requiring recess. However the Statewide School Wellness Policy (2006) requires each local education agency to designate at least 30 minutes of time daily for physical activity at all grade levels K-12.

Recess before Lunch: The Statewide School Wellness Policy (2006) requires each local education agency to serve lunch after the mid-day recess period. 

Walking/Biking to School
: AB231 (2005) requires local and regional governmental entities to conduct a review and evaluation of existing walking paths and sidewalks for pupils in a one mile radius of each public school. The committees must then make recommendations for improvements to the condition of the walking paths and sidewalks and review and evaluate the programs currently implemented to ensure safe walking routes to school. Results of the studies must be reported to the legislature.


New York

Last Updated: 9/13/2013

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
: No state policy.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy. 

Walking/Biking to School: Transportation Law 444 (Section 14, Subdivision 35) (2004) establishes and administers a Safe Route to School Program, the purpose of which is to eliminate or reduce physical impediments to primary and secondary school-aged children walking or bicycling to school. The Commissioner of Transportation is responsible to approve funding for projects involving the construction, reconstruction, enhancement, improvement, reconditioning, restoration, rehabilitation and preservation of crosswalks, sidewalks, bicycle lanes, and traffic calming measures.  Projects must be located within two miles of a primary school or three miles of a secondary school.


Ohio

Last Updated: 4/29/2013

General Physical Activity Requirement:  ORC 3313.6016 (2010) establishes a pilot program for daily physical activity for students. Each district that is participating in the program must require all students in grades K-12 to engage in at least 30 minutes of moderate to rigorous physical activity each school day, exclusive of recess. Physical activity engaged in during the following may count toward the daily requirement: (1) A physical education course, and (2) A program or activity occurring before or after the regular school day, as defined in section 3313.814 of the Revised Code, that is sponsored or approved by the school of attendance, provided school officials are able to monitor students' participation to ensure compliance with the requirement. Students enrolled in the following programs are not subject to the requirement: (1) Post-secondary enrollment options program established under ORC 3365. (2) Career-technical education program operated by the board or governing authority. (3) Dropout prevention and recovery program operated by the board or governing authority. (4) Participation in interscholastic athletics, marching band, or cheerleading (the board or governing authority may excuse these students from the requirement during the period of participation). (5) Kindergarten students not enrolled in all-day kindergarten.

ORC 3313.6016 (2010) allows a board or governing authority to apply for a waiver from the requirement from the superintendent of public instruction. The board must demonstrate that compliance with the requirement will create an undue financial hardship on the school district or chartered nonpublic school. 
 
Recess or Physical Activity Break: No state policy.

Recess Before Lunch:  No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Oklahoma

Last Updated: 12/22/2010

Physical Activity Requirement: 70-11-103.9 (2007) requires the Board of Education to strongly encourage school districts to incorporate physical activity into the school day by providing to students in full-day kindergarten and grades 1-5 at least a twenty-minute daily recess, in addition to the 60 minutes of required physical education. It also encourages districts to allow students brief physical activity breaks throughout the day, physical activity clubs, and special events.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
: 70-11-103.9 (2007) requires the Board of Education to strongly encourage school districts to incorporate physical activity into the school day by providing to students in full-day kindergarten and grades 1-5 at least a twenty-minute daily recess, in addition to the 60 minutes of required physical education. It also encourages districts to allow students brief physical activity breaks throughout the day, physical activity clubs, and special events.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Oregon

Last Updated: 9/18/2013

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess and Physical Activity Breaks
: No state policy requiring or recommending recess.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: ORS 
195.119 (2003) requires local governments to work with school district personnel to identify barriers and hazards to children walking or bicycling to and from school, and allows local goverments to  develop a plan to fund improvements designed to reduce the barriers and hazards identified.. HB 2742 (2005) establishes the Oregon Safe Routes to School program and fund within the Department of Transportation to assist communities in identifying and reducing barriers and hazards to children walking or bicycling to and from school.


Pennsylvania

Last Updated: 12/22/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy requiring or recommending recess.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Rhode Island

Last Updated: 2/13/2013

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy requiring or recommending recess.

Recess Before Lunch:  No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


South Carolina

Last Updated: 12/22/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: Code 59-10-10 (2005) mandates that students in grades K-5 must be provided with at least 150 minutes of physical activity per week beginning in the 2006-07 school year. Code 59-10-330 (2005) requires each school district, with the CSHAC, to develop a school health improvement plan that addresses strategies for improving student physical activity and must be included in the district's strategic plan.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: The Position Statement on School Recess of the Governor's Council on Physical Fitness recommends that schools allot time each day for supervised recess for elementary students. It also states that recess should not be denied as a form of punishment.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School
Code 59-17-150 (2004) requires municipal and county governing bodies to work with school districts to identify barriers and hazards to children walking or bicycling to and from school.  These governing bodies may then develop a plan for the funding of improvements, with the sources of funds to include federal funding or grants and state or private funding. It encourages each school district to establish a Safe Routes to School District Coordinating Committee and Safe Routes to School Team to include parents, children, teachers, administrators, local law enforcement officials, public health officials and interested citizens. Functions of the committee and team are outlined in the statute. It also designates the first Wednesday of October as Walk or Bicycle with Your Child to School Day" in each school district.

 


South Dakota

Last Updated: 12/22/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks:
No state policy requiring or recommending recess.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School
: No state policy.


Tennessee

Last Updated: 12/29/2013

General Physical Activity Requirement49-6-1021(2006) requires each local education agency to integrate a minimum of 90 minutes of physical activity per week into the instructional school day for elementary and secondary school students.  Opportunities to engage in physical activity may include walking, jumping rope, playing volleyball, or other forms of physical activities that promote fitness and well being. Tennessee Department of Education to report to the general assembly on implementation, including the percentage of public schools that integrate a minimum of ninety (90) minutes of physical activity per week into the instructional school day.

The Tennessee State Board of Education Physical Activity Policy 4.206 (2005) requires that each LEA implement the Physical Education and Other Physical Activity Programs Module of the CDC’s SHI to assess the school’s learning environment.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: Although not specifically requiring recess, 49-6-1021 (2006) requires each local education agency to integrate a minimum of ninety minutes of physical activity per week into the instructional school day for elementary and secondary school students.  Opportunities to engage in physical activity may include walking, jumping rope, playing volleyball, or other forms of physical activities that promote fitness and well being. 

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Texas

Last Updated: 12/22/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: Education Code 28.002 (2007) requires students in grades K-5 to participate in moderate or vigorous daily physical activity for at least 30 minutes throughout the school year. This may be accomplished through the physical education curriculum or daily recess. Students in grades 6-8 are required to participate in moderate or vigorous daily physical activity (as a part of the physical education curriculum) for at least 30 minutes for at least four semesters.  If this is impractical due to scheduling or other factors, the district may require a student to participate in moderate or vigorous physical activity for 135 minutes per week or 225 minutes per two weeks on a block schedule.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
: No state policy. However, Education Code 28.004 (2003) requires the local school health advisory council to consider and make policy recommendations to the district concerning the importance of daily recess for elementary school students..

Recess Before Lunch:
No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: Transportation Code 201.614 (2001) establishes a Safe Routes to School Program within the Department of Transportation. Projects eligible to receive funding under the program include installation of new crosswalks and bike lanes, construction of multiuse trails, construction and replacement of sidewalks, implementation of traffic-calming programs in neighborhoods around schools and construction of bike lanes.


Utah

Last Updated: 12/22/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy requiring or recommending recess..

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Virginia

Last Updated: 12/22/2010
General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
:
State Board Rule 8VAC20-131-200 (2006) requires elementary schools to provide students with daily recess during the school year as determined appropriate by the school.

Recess Before Lunc.h: No state policy

Walking/Biking to school: No state policy.

Vermont

Last Updated: 12/22/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: The Nutrition and Physical Fitness Guidelines (2005) recommend daily recess for all students pre-K through 8. The Guidelines also recommend that recess and physical activity breaks not be taken away as a form of discipline.

Recess Before Lunch: The Nutrition and Fitness Policy Guidelines (2005) recommend scheduling recess before lunch whenever possible.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Washington

Last Updated: 12/22/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks
: No state policy requiring or recommending recess.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Wisconsin

Last Updated: 12/27/2010

General Physical Activity Requirement: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy requiring or recommending recess. Code PI 8.01 (2004) allows no more than 30 minutes of the school day to be accounted for recess.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


West Virginia

Last Updated: 12/27/2010

General Physical Activity: The State Board of Education's Position Statement on School Wellness (2006) recommends the provision of physical activity outside of physical education class, including time and opportunities for vigorous physical activity during the school day and opportunities and encouragement for staff to model healthy eating and physical activity habits as a valuable party of daily life.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: Not required or recommended. 

Recess Before Lunch: Board Policy 4321.1 (2008) strongly recommends recess before lunch in elementary schools.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


Wyoming

Last Updated: 5/14/2010

Interscholastic Athletics: No state policy.

Recess or Physical Activity Breaks: No state policy requiring or recommending recess.

Recess Before Lunch: No state policy.

Walking/Biking to School: No state policy.


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