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Requirements for School Psychologists

Alaska

Last Updated: 12/12/2012

Pre-service Requirement04 AAC 12.365 (2005) requires that anyone employed to provide related services including school psychology must possess a Type C (special services) certificate in the field of employment, issued under 04 AAC 12.355 (2005). 04 AAC 12.300(2006) outlines the requirements of a bachelor's degree, recommendation by the preparing institution, completion of a teacher education program, and completion of 3 semester hours of Alaska studies and 3 semester hours in multicultural education or cross-cultural communications. 04AAC 12.355 (2011) requires that applicant must complete a program in the special services area, possess a bachelor's degree, recommendation by the preparing institution, three semester hours in Alaska studies and three semester hours in cross-cultural or multicultural education.

For endorsement in school psychology, the applicant must hold a master's degree in school psychology, be recommended for endorsement by the preparing institution, and completed a 1200 hour internship in school psychology, of which 600 hours much be completed on-site in preschool or K-12 programs OR be a nationally certified school psychologist. Details are provided in 04 AAC 12.395(2001).

Professional Development04 AAC 12.355 (1995) allows the special services endorsement for school psychology to be renewed if an applicant provides evidence of completion in at least 90 contact hours in assessment, evaluation, intervention, program planning, program development, or staff or program administration in the listed venues.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Alabama

Last Updated: 8/25/2010

Pre-service Requirement: Administrative Code 290-3-3-.54 (2005) requires the initial certificate for school psychologists to be at the sixth year level which requires a candidate to hold bachelor's level certification in a teaching field and a master's-level professional educator certification as a school psychometrist (outlined in Administrative Code 290-3-3-.51 (2005)). Administrative Code 290-3-3-.03 (2005) further emphasizes the minimum requirement of a sixth year certificate for instructional support personnel which includes a school psychologist. 

Professional Development: Administrative Code 290-3-2-.04 (2004) requires all those with a professional educator certificate to provide verification of 3 years of satisfactory educational experience and either 50 clock hours of professional development (5 CEUs) or 3 semester/4 quarter hours of allowable credit; or 6 semester/9 quarter hours of allowable credit; or National Board for Professional Teaching Standards certification earned during the current period of certification.  

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Arkansas

Last Updated: 9/8/2010

Pre-service Requirement: None specified.

Professional Development: No state policy.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: No specific ratio, but Code 6-18-1005 (2003) does include psychological services in student services programs.


Arizona

Last Updated: 4/28/2012

Pre-service Requirement: The Arizona School Psychologist Certificate (2006) for grades PreK-12 requires, per State Board of Education Administrative Code R7-2-615 (2000), a minimum of a master's degree, completion of a 60 credit hour graduate program in school psychology, a 1200 clock hour practicum with a minimum of 600 hours in a school setting, and a valid Arizona Fingerprint Clearance Card.

Professional DevelopmentState Board of Education Administrative Code R7-2-617 requires the completion of 180 hours of professional development every six years of certificate renewal.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


California

Last Updated: 2/19/2009

Pre-service Requirement: California Code of Regulations Title 5, Division 8, Chapter 4, Article 2, 80632(D) (1989) credits successful completion of a program for the school counselor specialization to be a minimum of 60 semester or 90 quarter units; or 900 classroom hours of post baccalaureate study. Specifics of licensures are outlined in 80632.4 (1989) of the same Article.

Education Code 49424 (1976) provides a description of the role of a credentialed professional school psychologist.

Professional Development Requirement: None specified.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Colorado

Last Updated: 8/31/2009

Pre-service Requirement: Per Statute 22-60.5-201 (2004) and State Board of Education Regulation 2260.5-R-3.02 (2004), at least an initial special services license is required for to be a school psychologist serving ages 0-21. State Board of Education Regulation 2260.5-R-11.06 (2004) requires the completion of a minimum of a six-year 60 graduate credit specialist program, passing the national school psychology examination, completion of supervised practica, completion of a 1200-hour supervised internship with 600 hours in a school setting, and a valid National Certified School Psychologist credential from the National School Psychology Certification Board. Applicants must also demonstrate knowledge and proficiency in eight specified areas.

Professional Development: For an initial license holder, State Board of Education Regulation 2260.5-R-12.01 (2004) requires steps towards completing the requirements for a professional license every 3 years until completed. Regulation 2260.5-R-12.02 (2004) requires six semester hours of 90 clock hours of professional development every five years for professional license renewal.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Connecticut

Last Updated: 10/25/2011

Pre-service Requirement: Regulations 10-145d-560 (2003) requires school psychologists to have a master's degree, have completed as part of or in addition to the master’s degree, at least 45 graduate credit hours in a planned program in school psychological services, have the recommendation of the preparing institution based on six specified areas, have completed in addition to the supervised practicum or field work experience, a 10 month internship or its equivalent in a period not to exceed 20 school months in a school setting  and have completed at least 36 clock hours of study in special education.

Professional Development: As professional educators", school psychologists must meet the same requirements for professional development as teachers in Regulation 10-145d-417, which requires 90 hours of professional education every five years for re-certification.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: No state policy.


District of Columbia

Last Updated: 4/22/2013

Pre-service RequirementRule: 5-E1659 (1993) requires a master’s degree in school, psychology, educational, or clinical psychology from an accredited institution to include forty-two semester hours of graduate level coursework and five hundred clock hours of satisfactory field experience in a school setting under the supervision of a certified school psychologist. It also specifies required coursework.

Professional Development: None specified.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Delaware

Last Updated: 6/25/2008

Pre-service Requirement: Administrative Code 14:1583 (2004) requires a minimum of a bachelor's degree from a regionally accredited college or university, completion of a 60 credit, organized school psychology program approved by the National Association of School Psychologists or the American Psychological Association, and a 1200 hour or more supervised internship of which 600 hours must be completed in a school setting within two years. Of the 60 credits, 54 must be exclusive of the internship. A valid certificate from the National Psychology Certification Board or a school psychologist certificate from any State Department of Education in the U.S is also acceptable. Further possible requirement options are detailed within this code.

Professional Development: 90-clock hours of professional development every five years are required for re-licensure per the Guidelines for Renewal of a Continuing License. Of these 90 hours, 45 must be activities that relate to the school psychologist's work with students or staff.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: Code 14:1321 (2005) allows districts to employ a school psychologist for every 3,000 students in grades 4-12.


Florida

Last Updated: 3/30/2013

Pre-service Requirement: Pre-service Requirement: At a minimum, for certification specializing in school psychology (Grades PK-12), a candidate must have: 1) a specialist's degree or higher in school psychology and a year-long supervised school psychology internship in an elementary or secondary school, 2) a master's degree or higher in school psychology and three years of full-time experience as a school psychologist, or 3) hold a valid certificate as a Nationally Certified School Psychologist. Details are outlined in State Board of Education rule  6A-4.0311 Florida Administrative Code (F.A.C.) (1992).

Professional Development: State Board of Education Administrative Rule 6A-4.0051 (2004) provides the guidelines for renewal of a professional certificate which includes earning inservice training points or a passing score on a subject area test.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: No state policy.

 


Georgia

Last Updated: 8/25/2009

Pre-service Requirement: PSC Rule 505-2-.119 (2004), per PSC Rule 505-2-.03 (2004), requires a valid National Certified School Psychologist credential issued by the National Board of Certified School Psychologists and completion of the content knowledge assessments and Special Georgia Requirements [PSC Rule 505-2-.20 (2005)]. The Special Georgia Requirements include an FBI background check, completion of study or experience within five years of application, and computer competency.

 

Professional Development: State Board of Education Rule 160-3-3-.04 (2003) requires each school system to develop a three-year professional learning plan to be included in the school system's CSIP. This learning plan shall organize and direct all professional learning activities regardless of program or funding. State Board of Education Rule 160-3-3-.10 (2003) elaborates further, requiring school systems to offer professional development programs for PLUs, aimed at improvement in assessed areas of need.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: State Board of Education Rule 160-5-1-.22 (2000) requires systems to provide as many school psychologists as needed to satisfy federal and state law. The program overview for School Psychological Services states that Georgia employs about one psychologist per 2,200 FTE.


Hawaii

Last Updated: 6/25/2008

Pre-service Requirement: None specified.

Professional Development: None specified.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: HRS 302A-633.5 (2000) permits the board of education to appoint school psychologists as necessary.


Iowa

Last Updated: 10/31/2011

Pre-service Requirement282 IAC 27 professional service license endorsement requires a 60 graduate credit master's degree, a 60 graduate credit specialist's degree, the completion of a National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) or American Psychological Association (APA) approved graduate school psychology program, or certification as a Nationally Certified School Psychologist by the NASP. School psychologists are also required to have completed a practicum in a school setting, completed an approved human relations component, and have training that contributes to the education of students with gifts and talents and those with disabilities.

Professional Development: 282 IAC 20.3; 27.5 lists requirements for license renwal, and requires six credits of graduate or undergraduate credit from a regionally accredited institution which adds greater depth/breadth to the school psychologist endorsement or leads toward a doctoral degree.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio:  None specified.


Idaho

Last Updated: 2/25/2013

Pre-service Requirement: Idaho State Board of Education Rule 08, Title 02, Chapter 02 (2009) requires school psychologists to have completed a minimum of 60 graduate semester credit hours, attaining one of the following: 1) A master's degree in education or psychology and completion of a 30 semester credit hour or 45 quarter credit hour School Psychologist Specialist Degree Program, 2) Completion of a 60 semester credit hour or 90 quarter hour masters degree program in School Psychology, or 3) Completion of an approved sixty semester credit hour or ninety (90) quarter credit hour School Psychology Specialist degree program which did not require a master's degree as a prerequisite, with laboratory experience in a classroom, which may include professional teaching experience, student teaching or special education practicum, and completion of a minimum twelve hundred (1,200) clock-hour internship within a school district under the supervision of the training institution and direct supervision of a certificated school psychologist.

Professional Development:  Idaho State Board of Education Rule 08, Title 02, Chapter 02 (2009) requires six semester credit hours to be completed every five years for endorsement renewal.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio
: None specified.


Illinois

Last Updated: 9/2/2009

Pre-service Requirement: State Board of Education 23 Administrative Code Ch. 1-a, Section 1.760 requires school psychologists to hold a Type 10 or 73 Certificate, which requires a candidate to complete an approved school psychologist preparation program and pass the relevant content and basic skills tests as outlined in State Board of Education 23 Administrative Code Ch. 1-b, Section 23.130 (2002).

Professional Development: None specified.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Indiana

Last Updated: 12/1/2010

Pre-service Requirement: In order to practice as a school psychologist in Indiana it is important to know the requirements which are as follows:

  • MS Degree in School Psychology, from an accredited university.
  • The Student Services License obtained from the Indiana Department of Education Office of Educator Licensing and Development (OLED)

The Standards for School Services Professionals (2002) also provide a detailed list of qualities, attributes, and skills needed as a licensed school services provider. 

Professional Development: The Department of Education 5 year Proficient School Services License must be renewed every 5 years. There are two options for renewing the five year Proficient Practitioner License for school psychologists:
    (1) Completing a Professional Growth Plan (PGP)
    (2) Submission of official transcripts listing completion of six graduate semester hours of college
          or university coursework.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: State Board of Education 511 IAC 4-1.5-2 (2000) recommends that there be one master's level school student services professional per 700 students in the corporation for student assistance services.


Kansas

Last Updated: 11/17/2011

Pre-service Requirement: Regulation 91-1-201 (2004) requires a school specialist license be obtained. Regulation 91-1-203 (2004) requires a minimum of a graduate degree, at least one year of recent accredited experience or eight recent credit hours, a minimum of a 3.25 cumulative graduate GPA, and the successful completion of a school specialist assessment. Regulation 91-1-202 (2003) makes available at the high school level a school psychologist endorsement. 

Professional Development: License renewal required every five years.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: No state policy.


Kentucky

Last Updated: 5/22/2013

Pre-service Requirement: 16 KAR 2:090 (2003) requires a minimum of a provisional certificate for school psychologists. The provisional certificate requires the recommendation of the preparing institution, 48 semester hours of graduate credit toward the standard certificate for school psychologists from an approved program, and a score of 630 or higher on the NTE Specialty Area Examination in school psychology.

Professional Development: Standard 5 of the Standards of Professional Development (2004) and KRS 158.070 (2004) require school psychologists, who are considered professional staff, to undergo four days of professional development each year based on individual professional growth plans. 16 KAR 2:090 (2003) requires 3 years of experience as a school psychologist during each five-year certification period and 72 hours of continuing professional development activities for renewal of a standard certificate or 6 semester hours of graduate training related to school psychology.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Louisiana

Last Updated: 11/21/2011

Pre-service Requirement: For a provisional certificate in school psychology, a candidate must have completed academic preparation in school psychology according to the requirements of the current Standards for Training and Field Placement Programs in School Psychology and have completed an internship during the time of the certificate in accordance with Standards. Details of the requirements are outlined in Bulletin 746 (2011). RS 17:17.1 (2003) calls for the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education to prescribe the qualifications, provide for the certification, and supervision for school psychologists employed in any public agency.

Professional Development: RS 17:282.4 (2001) requires the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education to prescribe rules and regulations necessary for a statewide youth suicide prevention plan in public elementary and secondary schools. These policies for programs to offer services may include training for school personnel and other responsible for counseling or supervising student activities.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: No state policy.


Massachusetts

Last Updated: 6/27/2008

 Pre-service Requirement: An initial license, per General Law 71.38G and 603 CMR 7.11 (2004), requires at least a master's degree in school psychology, approved by the National Association of School Psychologists, an advanced practicum of 1200 hours, 600 of which must have been in a school setting, and a passing score on the Communications and Literacy Skills test. 

Professional Development: Per General Law 71.38G (2004), relevant professional development plan that meets board requirements for subject matter knowledge and teaching skills is required to be completed every 5 years for re-certification. 

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Maryland

Last Updated: 9/15/2010

Pre-service Requirement: State Board of Education Regulation 13A.12.03.08 (1989) requires potential school psychologists to meet the following experience and education requirements:

There are three options for meeting the education requirement and all require a qualifying score on the State-approved test for school psychology and either a graduate degree in psychology, education, or human development or a Nationally Certified School Psychologist certificate.

There are two options for meeting the experience requirement: (1) obtain 1,200 clock hours internship experience while enrolled in an institute of higher education's school psychology program or (2) have two years successful experience providing psychological services to children in an educational setting under the direction of a certified school psychologist. Both options require experiences in assessment, indirect and direct intervention, school/system support, and services to special and regular education students.

Professional Development: Maryland has no specific state policy for the professional development of school psychologists. However, Code 7-504 (1996) establishes standards and policies for the training of school personnel, and others responsible for counseling or supervising student activities, in suicide prevention.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: There is no state policy for employing a school psychologist. However, State Board of Education Regulation13A.05.05.04 (1987) establishes the School Psychology Program, suggests the need for a school psychologist to meet its required goals.


Maine

Last Updated: 3/20/2009

Pre-service Requirement: Elaborating on Statute Title 20-A 13022 (1993), Education Rule Chapter 115, Section 8093 (1998) requires a minimum of two recommendations from licensed providers of school psychology and either an appropriate graduate degree in psychology, a current National Certified School Psychologist's certificate from the National School Psychology Certification Board (NSPCB), or a valid license from the Board of Examiners of Psychologists of Maine. Further, unless a candidate holds a NSPCB certificate, a supervised 1500 clock hour internship in school psychology is required.

Professional Development: Education Rule Chapter 115, Section 8093 requires two academic years of documented post-internship experience in a school setting and receiving either a valid NSPCB certificate or a valid license from the Board of Examiners of Psychologists of Maine for certificate renewal. After first renewal, all subsequent renewals will be concurrent with the issuance of either said certificate/license.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Michigan

Last Updated: 9/4/2009

Pre-service Requirement:State Board of Education Administrative Rule R 380.201-209 (1992) requires a minimum of a preliminary school psychologist certificate per MCL 380.1251. A preliminary school psychologist certificate, valid for 3 years, requires a minimum of 45 hours in an approved program towards the school psychologist certificate, and the completion of at least a 600-hour internship with school-age pupils in an approved school psychologist program, of which 300 hours were in a school setting.

Professional Development: State Board of Education Administrative Rule R 380.201-209 requires the completion six credit hours in an approved program or the equivalent in approved state board continuing education units for certificate renewal.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: No state policy.


Minnesota

Last Updated: 9/4/2009

Pre-service Requirement: State Board of Education Rule 8710.6200 (2003) requires a candidate for licensure as a school psychologist to evidence the completion of a preparation program in school psychology accredited by the National Association of School Psychologists.

Professional Development: State Board of Education 8710.7100 (2003) requires all teachers to obtain 125 hours of continuing education in their field every five years for re-licensure.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: No state policy.


Missouri

Last Updated: 8/25/2008

Pre-service Requirement: For certification as a school psychologist, a candidate must have completed a specialist or equivalent degree with a major emphasis in school psychology from a department approved college or university, completed a minimum of 60 hours of graduate preparation with successful completion in the areas listed, demonstrated competencies in the 11 areas listed, completed a practicum experience and supervised internship, and achieved a minimum or greater qualifying score on the exit assessment.

Professional Development: Revised Statute 161.092 (2003), as reflected in standard 6.7 of the Missouri School Improvement Program (2001), recommends school districts provide substantial time and resources for professional development of all staff members. 

For renewal of a school psychologist certificate, a candidate must have verified 1 year experience as a school psychologist, documented at least 105 clock hours of professional workshops/seminars/conferences or submit transcripts showing graduate level school psychology coursework.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: No state policy.


Mississippi

Last Updated: 9/16/2010

Pre-service Requirement: The minimum requirements for a five year educator license as a school psychologist, a candidate must have completed an approved specialist degree program in school psychology, passed the Praxis I, and passed the Praxis II specialty area test for school psychology. Details are outlined in Licensure Guidelines (451).

Professional Development: For renewal of a five year educator license as a school psychologist, 3 semester hours in content area or job/skill related area or 5 continuing education units in the content area or job/skill relatedarea are required. Details are outlined in Licensure Guidelines (451).

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: The Mississippi Public School Accountability Standards (2006) requires students in elementary schools to have access to qualified student support personnel, which include guidance counselors, social workers, nurses, psychologists, and others.


Montana

Last Updated: 12/19/2012

Pre-service Requirement: A Class 6 Specialist License is required for all school psychologists. A master's degree in school psychology or credentials as a nationally certified school psychologist is required for licensure per State Board of Public Education Administrative Rule 10.57.434 (2002).

Professional Development: For license renewal, a minimum of four additional graduate credits or 60 hours of approved professional development activities must be earned as stipulated by State Board of  Public Education Administrative Rules 10.57.215 (2003) and 10.57.433 (2002).

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


North Carolina

Last Updated: 5/21/2009

Pre-service Requirement: The State Board of Education requires the completion of an approved school psychology program at the sixth year level at a regionally accredited college or university and successful completion of a school psychology exam. 

Professional Development: The State Board of Education requires 10 semester hours or 15 units of renewal credit of course work directly related to school psychology is required every five years for license renewal.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: Part III of North Carolina's Basic Education Plan for Public Schools (1994) requires there to be one psychologist for every 2,000 students in a school district.


North Dakota

Last Updated: 12/14/2012

Pre-service Requirement: Minimum requirements for preliminary certification as a school psychologist intern include a master's degree in school psychology and a restricted North Dakota teaching license issued by the education standards and practices board. Licensure details are found in Administrative Rule 67-11-15-01 (2000).

Professional Development: Administrative Rule 67-11-15-05 (2000) requires psychology interns to complete their remaining course of study as established by the Department of Public Instruction and satisfactorily meet the supervision plan to renew their certification.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Nebraska

Last Updated: 11/30/2011

Pre-service Requirement: The minimum requirements for a school psychologist endorsement are 60 graduate semester hours beyond the baccalaureate degree, at least 54 of which are exclusive of credit for a supervised internship according to 92 NAC 24-007.03 (no date available).

Professional Development: Statute 79-830, the Professional Growth Requirement, requires all certificated employees to provide evidence of 6 semester hours of professional growth or an alternative activity approved by the school board every 6 years.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


New Hampshire

Last Updated: 12/22/2011

Pre-service Requirement: State Board of Education Rule Ed 507.08 (2005) requires school psychologists to have completed either a state board of education or NCATE approved doctoral program in school psychology or have a 60 credit master's degree with coursework in 11 areas specified in this rule, two years of supervised experience as an associate school psychologist in a school setting, and must demonstrate competency in seven specific areas, specified in this rule, pertaining to the duties of a school psychologist.

Professional Development: State Board of Education Rule Ed 512 (2001) requires educators to have a minimum of 75 hours of professional development every three years. 30 hours must be devoted to the educator's subject area or specialization.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


New Mexico

Last Updated: 3/18/2011

Pre-service Requirement: 6.63.5.8 NMAC (2003)  establishes the requirements for 3 levels of school psychologist (1) PreK-12 for persons seeking licensure as a (1) Level 1, entry level school psychologist, (2) Level 2, independent school psychologist and (3) Level 3, supervising school psychologist practicing in a school-related setting. Details of these requirements are within this rule. 

These licenses cannot be used to provide service outside a school-related setting and cannot be used in a public setting.

Professional Development: The Board of Psychologist Examines requires 60 hours of Continuing Professional Education every 3 years. Professional development may be provided by the NM Board of Psychology Examiners and/or the NM Counseling and Therapy Practice Board and/or the National Association of School Psychologist.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Nevada

Last Updated: 9/9/2009

Pre-service Requirement: State Board of Education Administrative Code 391.315 (1992) requires a graduate degree from an accredited college or university with a concentration in school psychology, successful completion of the course work specified in State Board of Education Administrative Code 391.316 (1991), and have earned 60 graduate credits specified in State Board of Education Administrative Code 391.316 (1991) and 391.317 (1991). A candidate is also required to either have completed an internship in school psychology as outlined in State Board of Education Administrative Code 391.318 (1991) and 391.319 (1984), a school psychologist certificate from the National Association of School Psychologists, or completed a school psychologist program approved by the State Board of Education. 

Professional Development: None specified.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


New York

Last Updated: 9/16/2009

Pre-service Requirement: Commissioner of Education's Regulation 80-2.3 requires a minimum of a bachelor's degree, 60 graduate credits in psychology, and a completed college internship/supervised internship for a provisional certificate.  Exemptions to these requirements are outlined in the Regulation. A permanent certificate requires a masters degree and two years of school experience in the field of pupil personnel services.

Professional Development Requirement: None specified.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Ohio

Last Updated: 6/29/2008

Pre-service Requirement: OAC 3301-24-05 (2003) requires school psychologists to hold a professional pupil services license, which allows them to work children of any grade level. Minimally, a candidate must be of good moral character, have a master's degree, and have successfully completed a nine month, full-time internship in an approved school setting per Ohio guidelines.

Professional Development: ORC 3319.073 (1995) requires the board of education to develop a 4-hour in-service training program in child abuse prevention for all elementary school district employees and service center work.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Oklahoma

Last Updated: 5/4/2009

Pre-Service Requirement: The Competencies for Licensure & Certification (2002) requires a minimum of a master's degree, a passing grade on a state certification test, and completion of a specified course of study outlined by the State Department of Education. State licensure or credential is not required.

Professional Development: None specified.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Oregon

Last Updated: 6/29/2008

Pre-service Requirement: OAR 584-017-0350 (2002) lists 12 specific competencies that are required for initial licensure. OAR 584-017-0355 (2000) also requires passing PRAXIS test scores in the area of specialty and competency in psychological methods and foundations for school psychology. OAR 584-070-0211 (2001) requires a master's degree, the completion of a clinical practicum, and passing PRAXIS test scores and OAR 584-036-0025 (1995) requires a school psychologist endorsement issued by the Commission or psychologist license issued by the Oregon Board of Psychologist Examiners for employment in the district.

The basic counselor endorsement's minimum requirements, per OAR 584-044-0014 (1998), are a master's degree in an approved school psychologist program from an approved teacher education institution, 75 quarter hours of graduate preparation to develop five specified competencies, completion of a supervised, nine week, full-time public school practicum, have a minimum score on the NTE specialty area test for school psychology, and hold a current National School of Psychology Certificate from the National Association of School Psychologists.

Professional Development: OAR 584-090-0050 (2000) requires school psychologists with a basic license to have one year of full-time successful experience during the life of the current license and have successfully completed a professional development plan. OAR 584-048-0065 (1992) requires a recommendation from an approved program that is contingent upon the satisfactory completion of 9 quarter hours leading up to a Standard Personnel Service License.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Pennsylvania

Last Updated: 1/2/2012

Pre-service Requirement: Psychologists' require an Educational Specialist's Certificate. 022 PA Code 49.102 (1999) states that an Educational Specialist I Certificate will be issued to those applicants who have successfully completed a Department of Education approved educational specialist preparation program, have satisfactorily achieved in the prescribed assessments (see 022 PA Code 354.33 (2000) for specifics), and has the college or university preparing program's recommendation.

School Psychology certification requires the completion of a preparation program that educates the applicant in five specific academic foundation areas for providing school psychological services for grades K-12. Candidates are also required to complete a 1000-hour internship, one half of which must be in a supervised public school setting. Finally, the candidate must also exhibit knowledge and competency that fosters professionalism in four specific areas.

Professional Development: Act 48 (1999) requires professional educators to complete 6 credits of collegiate study, 6 credits of continuing education courses, and 180 hours of continuing professional education programs, activities, or learning experiences every 5 years for maintenance of licensure.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: 022 PA Code 7.12 (1987) and 022 PA Code 7.2 (1987) require school psychological programs to employ certified school psychologists.


Rhode Island

Last Updated: 1/30/2013

Pre-Service Requirement: TheRegulations Governing the Certification of Educators in Rhode Island (effective January 1, 2012) details a comprehensive redesign of the certification system that updates the requirements and procedures that govern educator certification in Rhode Island.  Specific details of the Rhode Island School Psychologist Certificate are outlined in School Psychologist. The School Psychologist Certificate is valid for assignment as a School Psychologist in grades PK - 12 in Rhode Island public schools. Applicants prepared in a program where the language of instruction was not English must achieve a passing score of 64 on the Versant Pro Speaking and Writing assessments. Applicants must meet all Rhode Island assessment requirements.


Professional Development
: See the RI Professional Teacher Standards, RI Standards for Educational Leadership, and RI Code of Professional Responsibilities. As per the Regulations Governing the Certification of Educators in Rhode Island,professional development is embedded in the state approved local evaluation system requirement that all educators receive annual evaluation ratings and professional growth plans.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: Board of Regents Regulations for Elementary & Secondary Education Governing the Education of Children With Disabilities (2010) requires a school district with 1,500 students enrolled in public and non-public schools and children ages three to five to employ one full-time school psychologist per 1,500 students. If the population of enrolled students falls between even multiples of 1,500, an additional part-time school psychologist is to be employed.

South Carolina

Last Updated: 9/17/2009

Pre-service Requirement: State Board of Education Regulation R 43-64 requires school psychologists to have a minimum of a master's degree, completion of a State Board of Education approved advanced school psychologist preparation program, and a minimum qualifying score on the area examination required by the State Board. Details for licensure are also outlined in the South Carolina Teacher Certification Manual (2003).

Professional Development Requirement: None specified.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: The Safe Schools Task Force Report recommends a 1000:1 ratio.


South Dakota

Last Updated: 6/29/2008

Pre-Service Requirement: Administrative Rule 24:15:06:35 (2004) requires a birth to age 21 school psychological examiner to have a master's degree with a concentration that is psychological in nature and 30 semester hours of undergraduate or graduate coursework in specific areas detail in this policy.

Professional Development: Requirements must be related to preparation standards in article 24:16 and be completed between the date of issuance of the current valid certificate and the application for renewal per Administrative Rule 24:15:03:06 (2005).

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Tennessee

Last Updated: 11/4/2008

Pre-service RequirementTennessee Licensure Standards and Induction Guidelines (2005) requires prospective school psychologists to have a minimum of a graduate degree in school psychology from a program approved by the National Association of School Psychologists, supervised field experiences, a supervised internship equal to one academic year of full-time work, half in a school setting and half working with children, youth, and families. Further details on licensure are found within this policy.

Professional Development: None specified. 

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Texas

Last Updated: 10/1/2010

Pre-service Requirement: Education Code 21.003 (1995) requires a school psychologist to be certified by the proper state agency.

Professional Development: None specified.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Utah

Last Updated: 6/29/2008

Pre-service Requirement: The minimum requirements for a basic certificate as a school psychologist are the completion of an approved master's degree consisting of at least 60 semester hours in school psychology, demonstration of competence in the given areas, completion of a one-year internship, and received approval by an institution. Details of the requirements are found in R277-506.4 (1996).

Professional Development: None specified.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Virginia

Last Updated: 11/16/2010

Pre-service Requirement: 8VAC20-21-620 (1998) requires completion of an approved program in school psychology. Sixty graduate hours which culminate in at least a master's degree and the completion of a documented one or two year supervised internship with experiences at multiple age levels, one half of which is completed in an accredited school setting; OR a certificate issued by the National School Psychology Certification Board.

Professional Development: 8VAC20-21-100 (2002) requires 180 professional development points within a five-year period based on an individualized professional development plan for license renewal.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Vermont

Last Updated: 10/4/2010

Pre-service Requirement: Board Rules5441 and 5445, 5440-66 (2005) requires school psychologists to have a National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) specialist level (60 graduate credits in school psychology) or doctorate (90 credits in school psychology) or an American Psychological Association (APA) accredited doctoral degree in school psychology or the equivalent. School psychologists must also have a NASP approved internship, APA accredited internship, or an internship of 600-hours in a supervised school setting with students. Applicants must also either be a Nationally Certified School Psychologist or demonstrate knowledge of school psychological skills and concepts in 11 specific areas and meet performance standards in 10 specific areas.

Professional Development: None specified.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Washington

Last Updated: 8/7/2008

Pre-service Requirement: WAC 181-79A-221 (2004) requires, for initial certification, that the candidate have completed all requirements for a master's degree in school psychology, excepting for any special projects or theses that may be required. The candidate must also have successfully completed a written comprehensive exam of the knowledge included in the course work required for the master's degree. The exam may be of a regionally accredited institution of higher learning or the National Certification of School Psychologist exam.

Professional Development: WAC 392-192-030 (1990) requires all local school districts to adopt a professional growth program for certified classroom teachers and support personnel unless a collective bargaining agreement provides otherwise.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: No state policy.


Wisconsin

Last Updated: 10/10/2011

Pre-service Requirement: Code PI 34.31 (2004) requires a minimum of a master's degree and the completion of an approved program for the preparation of school psychologists, resulting in a doctorate or specialist degree. Two successful years of supervised experience as a school psychologist or a supervised internship in school psychology is required along with the written recommendation of the school system administration. Candidates must also demonstrate proficiency in the seven standards for pupil services, specified in Code PI 34.04 (2004).

Professional Development: Code PI 34.18 (2004) requires the completion of a professional development plan that demonstrates increased proficiency every five years for license renewal. The plan's completion is verified by a professional development team.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


West Virginia

Last Updated: 9/4/2008

Pre-service Requirement: If a school employs a psychologist, Board Policy 5202 (2004) requires at least a master's degree in psychology from an accredited institution of higher education.

Professional Development: Board Policy 5500 (1997) establishes the general implementation of staff development activities for the 18 hours of job-related training required for all school personnel each school year.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


Wyoming

Last Updated: 3/25/2012

Pre-service Requirement: Rule 3249, Chapter 11, Section 3 (1998) requires school psychologists to have completed an advanced program in school psychology that meets eight specific standards plus a practicum at all levels of the K-12 school setting and one year of full-time supervised internship experience in a recognized K-12 setting. National certification as a school psychologist is also acceptable en lieu of these requirements.

Professional Development: Rule 5181, Chapter 15 (2003) requires five semester hours of credit and/or 75 clock hours of professional development for license renewal.

Student-to-Psychologist Ratio: None specified.


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