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Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drug Use Education

Alaska

Last Updated: 5/20/2008

Alcohol: While not specifically required, the State Board has adopted content standards in Skills for a Healthy Life (1999) that recommend students learn how to understand and identify the causes, preventions, and treatments for diseases, disorders, injuries, and addictions".

Tobacco: While not specifically required, the State Board has adopted content standards in Skills for a Healthy Life that recommend students learn how to understand and identify the causes, preventions, and treatments for diseases, disorders, injuries, and addictions".

Drugs: While not specifically required, the State Board has adopted content standards in Skills for a Healthy Life that recommend students learn how to understand and identify the causes, preventions, and treatments for diseases, disorders, injuries, and addictions".


Alabama

Last Updated: 5/20/2008

Alcohol: The Alabama Course of Study: Health Education (2003) sets the minimum content standard for teaching about the harmful effects of substance abuse and promoting positive healthful behavior in grades K-12.

Tobacco: The Alabama Course of Study: Health Education sets the minimum content standard for teaching about the harmful effects of substance abuse and promoting positive healthful behavior in grades K-12.
 
Drugs: The Alabama Course of Study: Health Education, per Code 16-41-7 (1971), sets the minimum content standard for teaching about the harmful effects of substance abuse and promoting positive healthful behavior in grades K-12.

 


Arkansas

Last Updated: 11/17/2013

Alcohol: Standard 10 of the K-8 Physical Education and Health Curriculum Framework  (2011) requires students to comprehend substance use, abuse, and the ability to use decision-making skills to enhance health and includes alcohol as a topic. Standard 11 requires students to learn how to practice health risks. 

Tobacco: Standard 10 of the K-8 Physical Education and Health Curriculum Framework requires students to comprehend substance use, abuse, and the ability to use decision-making skills to enhance health and includes tobacco among other drugs in K-4 and as a topic in grades 5-8. Standard 11 requires students to learn how to practice health-enhancing behaviors to reduce health risks.

Drugs: Standard 10 of the K-8 Physical Education and Health Curriculum Framework  requires students to comprehend substance use, abuse, and the ability to use decision-making skills to enhance health. Various drug categories are addressed. Standard 11 requires students to learn how to practice health-enhancing behaviors to reduce health risks. 


Arizona

Last Updated: 9/7/2010

Alcohol: ARS 15-712 (2002) permits the instruction on the harmful effects of alcohol in grades 4-12. The statute also allows instruction to include the harmful effects of alcohol on a human fetus in grades 6-12.

Tobacco: ARS 15-712 permits the instruction on the harmful effects of tobacco in grades 4-12. The statute also allows instruction to include the harmful effects of tobacco on a human fetus in grades 6-12.

Drugs: ARS 15-712 permits the instruction on the harmful effects of narcotic drugs, marijuana, date rape drugs, and other dangerous drugs in grades 4-12. The statute also allows instruction to include the harmful effects of drugs on a human fetus in grades 6-12.


California

Last Updated: 2/19/2009

AlcoholEducation Code 51260 (1986, 1987) requires instruction to be given to elementary and secondary school students on the effects of using tobacco, drugs, alcohol, and other dangerous substances.

Tobacco: Education Code 51260 (1987) requires instruction to be given to elementary and secondary students on th effects of using tobacco.

Proposition 99, approved by the California voters in the November 1988 general election, increased the tax on each pack of cigarettes sold in the state by 25 cents. Funds from the Tobacco Surtax Fund are appropriated for several purposes, including tobacco-use education in schools.

California Health and Safety Code 104430 requires that two-thirds of Tobacco Use Prevention Education (TUPE) local assistance funds allocated through the California Department of Education is used for school-based tobacco-use prevention education programs and programs for Indian education centers. The remaining one-third of local assistance funds is used for innovative and promising projects, innovative grants, research, curricular support, dissemination, and accountability. The purpose of the TUPE program is to reduce youth tobacco use by helping youth make healthful tobacco-related decisions through tobacco-specific educational instruction and activities that build knowledge as well as social skills and youth development assets. Collaboration with community-based tobacco control programs is an integral part of program planning. The school, parents, and larger community must be involved in the program so that students will be aware of a cohesive effort and concern for their health and, consequently, their ability to succeed in school.

The TUPE program provides funding through an application process for tobacco-specific student instruction, reinforcement activities, specific events, and cessation programs for students. Only local education agencies that are certified as having a fully implemented tobacco-free school district board policy are eligible to apply for funding. Programs in grades four through eight are funded through an entitlement process based on average daily attendance. Programs in grades 9-12 and 6-8 are funded through a competitive request for applications process.

Drugs: Education Code Education Code 51260 (1987) requires instruction to be given to elementary and secondary school students on the effects of using tobacco, drugs, alcohol, and other dangerous substances. Education Code 51266 (1990, 1994) calls for the Office of Criminal Justice Planning, in collaboration with the California Department of Education, to develop a model gang violence suppression and substance abuse prevention curriculum for grades 2, 4, and 6. The Office of Criminal Justice Planning is further asked to develop an independent evaluation of pupil outcomes of the model gang violence suppression and substance abuse prevention curricular program.

Education Code 51262 (1986, 1994) encourages schools “to include in instruction in grades 7 to 12, inclusive, in science, health, drug abuse, or physical education programs a lesson on the effects of the use of anabolic steroids”.

Colorado

Last Updated: 5/13/2009

Alcohol: Statute 22-1-110 (1963) mandates instruction in alcohol and controlled substances. Statute 22-25-104 (2000) also encourages a voluntary comprehensive health education program, which may include alcohol use prevention.

Tobacco: Colorado does not require students to receive instruction on tobacco use prevention education. However, Statute 22-25-104 encourages a voluntary comprehensive health education program, which may include tobacco use prevention.

Drugs: Statute 22-1-110  mandates instruction in alcohol and controlled substances. Statute 22-25-104 (2000) also encourages a voluntary comprehensive health education program, which may include alcohol use prevention.


Connecticut

Last Updated: 10/25/2011

Alcohol: Statute Chapter 164 Sec. 10-19 (1995) “specifies that, the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to understand and avoid the effects of alcohol shall be taught every academic year to pupils in all grades in the public schools. The Healthy and Balanced Living Curriculum Framework (2006) provides guidelines for grades preK-12 on the dangers of using alcohol and strategies to remain free of alcohol use. The Guidelines for a Coordinated Approach to School Health (2007) offers recommendations for number of instructional hours for each grade level in mandated content areas.

Tobacco: Statute Chapter 164 Sec. 10-19 specifies that, “the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to understand and avoid the effects of nicotine shall be taught every academic year to pupils in all grades in the public schools." The Healthy and Balanced Living Curriculum Framework (2006) provides guidelines for grades pre K-12 on the dangers of using tobacco and strategies to remain free of tobacco use. The Guidelines for a Coordinated Approach to School Health (2007) offers recommendations for number of instructional hours for each grade level in mandated content areas.


Drugs: Statute Chapter 164 Sec. 10-19 specifies that ”the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to understand and avoid the effects of drugs shall be taught every academic year to pupils in all grades in the public schools." The Healthy and Balanced Living Curriculum Framework (2006) provides guidelines for grades preK-12 on the dangers of using drugs and strategies to remain free of drug use. The Guidelines for a Coordinated Approach to School Health (2007) offers recommendations for number of instructional hours for each grade level in mandated content areas.

Delaware

Last Updated: 1/11/2010

Alcohol: Administrative Code 14:851 (2009) specifies that students receive instruction in drug/alcohol education as follows: 10 hours in each grade for K-4 and 15 hours in each grade for 5-12. The Delaware Recommended Curriculum for Health Education provides content standards, which includes alcohol education.

Tobacco: Administrative Code 14:851(2009) , which requires schools to provide instruction to students in grades K-12 in health education, includes tobacco as a core concept. The Delaware Recommended Curriculum for Health Education provides content standards, which includes tobacco education.

Drugs: Administrative Code 14:851 (2009) specifies that students receive instruction in drug/alcohol education as follows: 10 hours in each grade for K-4 and 15 hours in each grade for 5-12. The Delaware Recommended Curriculum for Health Education provides content standards, which includes drug education.


Florida

Last Updated: 3/31/2013

Statute 1003.42 (2011) requires each district school board to provide all courses required for high school graduation and appropriate instruction designed to ensure that students meet the adopted standards. It further requires that instructional staff of the public schools “shall teach efficiently and faithfully, using the books and materials required, following the prescribed courses of study, and employing approved methods of instruction, including instruction on comprehensive health education that addresses concepts substance use and abuse.

Alcohol: Statute 1003.42 (2011) requires instruction in “the true effects of all alcoholic and intoxicating liquors and beverages and narcotics upon the human body and mind.”

The Next Generation Sunshine State Standards for Health Education (2008) focus on the ten components of health education (community health, consumer health, environmental health, family life, mental and emotional health, nutrition, prevention and control of disease, personal health, safety and injury prevention, substance use and abuse and seven associated health-related skills. 

Tobacco
:
  Although not specifically mentioned, tobacco prevention is addressed within The Next Generation Sunshine State Standards for Health Education (2008) focus on the ten components of health education (community health, consumer health, environmental health, family life, mental and emotional health, nutrition, prevention and control of disease, personal health, safety and injury prevention, substance use and abuse and seven associated health-related skills. 

Drugs: Although not specifically mentioned, drug abuse prevention is addressed within the Next Generation Sunshine State Standards for Health Education (2008) focus on the ten components of health education (community health, consumer health, environmental health, family life, mental and emotional health, nutrition, prevention and control of disease, personal health, safety and injury prevention, substance use and abuse and seven associated health-related skills.


Georgia

Last Updated: 10/30/2011

Alcohol: Georgia Code 20-2-142 (no date available) requires the State Board of Education to prescribe a course of study in health and physical education which shall include instruction concerning the impact of alcohol upon health for all grade levels. This statute also requires the State Board of Education and the Board of Public Safety to jointly establish an alcohol and drug course for the purpose of informing the young people of this state of the dangers involved in consuming alcohol or certain drugs in connection with the operation of a motor vehicle". The alcohol and drug course must be offered at least once annually in public schools, and may be offered in private schools, to students in grades 9 and above as prescribed by the state board.

State Board of Education Rule 160-4-2-.12 (2000) requires schools to provide instruction on the misuse and abuse of alcohol in elementary, middle, and secondary grades. The Quality Core Curriculum Standards and Resources recommend resources and curricula for teaching about alcohol use and abuse in grades 1-12.

Tobacco: Georgia Code 20-2-142 requires the State Board of Education to prescribe a course of study in health and physical education which shall include instruction concerning the impact of tobacco upon health for all grade levels. State Board of Education Rule 160-4-2-.12 requires schools to provide instruction on the misuse and abuse of tobacco in elementary, middle, and secondary grades. The Quality Core Curriculum Standards and Resources recommend resources and curricula for teaching about tobacco use in grades 1-12.

Drugs: Georgia Code 20-2-142 requires the State Board of Education to prescribe a course of study in health and physical education which shall include instruction concerning the impact of drugs upon health for all grade levels. This statute also requires the State Board of Education and the Board of Public Safety to jointly establish an alcohol and drug course for the purpose of informing the young people of this state of the dangers involved in consuming alcohol or certain drugs in connection with the operation of a motor vehicle". The alcohol and drug course must be offered at least once annually in public schools, and may be offered in private schools, to students in grades 9 and above as prescribed by the state board.

State Board of Education Rule 160-4-2-.12 requires schools to provide instruction on the misuse and abuse of legal and illegal drugs in elementary, middle, and secondary grades. The Quality Core Curriculum Standards and Resources recommend resources and curricula for teaching about drug abuse in grades 1-12.


Hawaii

Last Updated: 5/21/2008

Alcohol: Content and Performance Standards for Health (2005) include alcohol use prevention instruction for grades K-12, but do not require a specific curriculum to be followed.

Tobacco: The Content and Performance Standards for Health (2005) include tobacco use prevention instruction for grades K-12, but do not require a specific curriculum to be followed.

Drugs: The Content and Performance Standards for Health  (2005) include drug use prevention instruction for grades K-12, but do not require a specific curriculum to be followed.


Iowa

Last Updated: 11/23/2010

Alcohol: The school accreditation standards, 281 IAC 12.5 require elementary and middle students to receive instruction on the effects of alcohol on the human body. At the high school level, students receive instruction on substance abuse and nonuse.

Tobacco: The school accreditation standards, 281 IAC 12.5, require elementary and middle students to receive instruction on the effects of tobacco on the human body. At the high school level, students receive instruction on substance abuse and nonuse.

Drugs: The school accreditation standards, 281 IAC 12.5, require elementary and middle students to receive instruction on the effects of drugs on the human body. At the high school level, students receive instruction on substance abuse and nonuse.


Idaho

Last Updated: 2/25/2013

Alcohol: Statute 33-1605 (2002) requires all school districts to provide instruction on the effects of alcohol on the human system. Alcohol use prevention is mentioned throughout the Health Standards.

Tobacco: Statute 33-1605 requires all school districts to provide instruction on the effects of tobacco on the human system. Tobacco use prevention is mentioned throughout the Health Standards.

Drugs: Statute 33-1605 requires all school districts to provide instruction on the effects of stimulants and narcotics on the human system. Drug use prevention is mentioned throughout the Health Standards.


Illinois

Last Updated: 10/31/2011

Alcohol: "The medical and legal ramifications of alcohol use" are included in the list of topics specified in 105 ILCS 110/3 (2006). Goal 23 of the Illinois Learning Standards for Physical Development and Health provides instruction on healthful living and the effects of alcohol use at the middle and high school levels.

Tobacco: "The medical and legal ramifications of tobacco use" are included in the list of topics specified in 105 ILCS 110/3 (2006). Goal 23 of the Illinois Learning Standards for Physical Development and Health provides instruction on healthful living and the effects of tobacco use at the middle and high school levels.
 
Drugs: "The medical and legal ramifications of drug use" are included in the list of topics specified in 105 ILCS 110/3 (2006). Goal 23 of the Illinois Learning Standards for Physical Development and Health provides instruction on healthful living and the effects of drug use at the middle and high school levels. 105 ILCS 5/27-23.3 (2006) requires steroid abuse prevention to be taught to students in grades 7 through 12, in addition to students participating in interscholastic athletic programs.

Indiana

Last Updated: 4/2/2009

Alcohol: Indiana's health education requirements found in Code 20-30-5-7 (2005) directs school corporations (local school districts) to provide instruction on the effects of alcohol, tobacco, drugs, and other substances on the human body," without specifying grades, levels, or amounts of instruction. Code 20-30-5-11 (2005) says each school corporation shall for each grade from kindergarten through grade 12 provide instruction concerning the effects that alcoholic beverages have on the human body and society at large." Instruction on alcohol use is suggested in the Indiana Academic Standards for Health Education (2007) at every grade level in elementary, middle, and high school grades.

Tobacco: Code 20-30-5-11 requires each school corporation to provide instruction on the effects of tobacco use on the human body and society at large for grades kindergarten through 12th. Instruction on tobacco use is suggested in the Indiana Academic Standards for Health Education (2007) at every grade level in elementary, middle, and high school grades.

Drugs: Indiana's health education requirements found in Code 20-30-5-7 directs school corporations (local school districts) to provide instruction on the effects of alcohol, tobacco, drugs, and other substances on the human body," without specifying grades, levels, or amounts of instruction. Code 20-30-5-11 says each school corporation shall for each grade from kindergarten through grade 12 provide instruction concerning the effects that prescription drugs and controlled substances have on the human body and society at large." Instruction on tobacco use is suggested in the Indiana Academic Standards for Health Education (2007) at every grade level in elementary, middle, and high school grades.


Kansas

Last Updated: 11/2/2011

Kansas does not specifically require alcohol, tobacco and drug use education to be taught in schools.   Substance use, misuse, abuse and addiction" is one of the content areas for the health education standards outlined by the Kansas Model Curricular Standards for Health Education (2007).

Alcohol: No state policy.

Tobacco: No state policy.

Drugs: No state policy.


Kentucky

Last Updated: 5/19/2013

Alcohol: The Kentucky Core Academic Standards (2010) require instruction for students in grades 6-8 that focuses on the consequences and risks of drinking. Students are required to research substance abuse in high school.

Tobacco: The Kentucky Core Academic Standards (2010) require instruction for students in grades 6-8 that focuses on theconsequences and risks of tobacco use. Students are required to research tobacco abuse in high school.

Drugs: The Kentucky Core Academic Standards (2010) require instruction for students in grades 4-8, which focuses on identifying drugs, the consequences and risks of drug use, and finding resources and treatment for drug addiction. Students are required to research substance abuse in high school.


Louisiana

Last Updated: 11/21/2011

Bulletin 741, Section 2305 Ancillary Areas of Instruction, provides for substance abuse prevention education in schools and curriculum 

Alcohol: RS 17:154 (1998) requires elementary schools to teach health education and secondary schools to provide instruction in alcohol prevention and education. RS 17:404 (1994) requires each school board to establish and maintain programs of substance abuse prevention, education, information, and counseling at each grade level incorporated into a comprehensive school health program.

Tobacco: RS 17:154 requires elementary schools to teach health education and secondary schools to provide instruction in tobacco prevention and education. RS 17:404 requires each school board to establish and maintain programs of substance abuse prevention, education, information, and counseling at each grade level incorporated into a comprehensive school health program.

Drugs: RS 17:154 requires elementary schools to teach health education and secondary schools to provide instruction in drug and substance abuse prevention and education. RS 17:404 requires each school board to establish and maintain programs of substance abuse prevention, education, information, and counseling at each grade level incorporated into a comprehensive school health program.


Massachusetts

Last Updated: 5/21/2008

Alcohol: The state does not require students to receive instruction on alcohol use prevention education. However, learning standards for alcohol use and abuse are provided in the Massachusetts Comprehensive Health Curriculum Framework (1999).

Tobacco: The state does not require students to receive instruction on tobacco use prevention education. However, learning standards for tobacco use and abuse are provided in the Massachusetts Comprehensive Health Curriculum Framework (1999).

Drugs: The state does not require students to receive instruction on drug use prevention education. However, learning standards for substance use and abuse are provided in the Massachusetts Comprehensive Health Curriculum Framework (1999).


Maryland

Last Updated: 9/15/2010

Alcohol: State Board of Education Regulation 13A.04.18.02 (1991) requires that all students in grades K-12 acquire and apply knowledge of alcohol and the consequences of their non-use, use, and abuse, which includes the effects and interactions of alcohol, the physical, psychological, social, and legal consequences of the use of alcohol, skills to resist pressures to use alcohol, and prevention, intervention, and treatment services and resources.

Tobacco: State Board of Education Regulation 13A.04.18.02 requires that all students in grades K-12 acquire and apply knowledge of tobacco and the consequences of their non-use, use, and abuse, which includes the effects and interactions of tobacco, the physical, psychological, social, and legal consequences of the use of tobacco, skills to resist pressures to use tobacco, and prevention, intervention, and treatment services and resources.

Drugs: State Board of Education Regulation 13A.08.01.08 (2003) requires local boards of education to adopt policies on alcohol and drug use or possession, which include drug education curriculum. Regulation 13A.04.18.02 requires that all students in grades K-12 acquire and apply knowledge of drugs and the consequences of their non-use, use, and abuse, which includes the effects and interactions of drugs, the physical, psychological, social, and legal consequences of the use of drugs, skills to resist pressures to use drugs, and prevention, intervention, and treatment services and resources.


Maine

Last Updated: 6/3/2013

Alcohol: Education Rule Chapter 127 (2002) includes in its standards and expectations for students to receive instruction on the effects of alcohol to be taught at the elementary, middle, and high school levels. Statute Title 20-A 4723 (1983) further states that the secondary course of study shall include instruction on the effects of alcoholic drinks, stimulants and narcotics upon the human system. Education Rule Chapter 132 (2007) requires instruction in alcohol education PreK-12. 

Tobacco: Education Rule Chapter 127 includes in its standards and expectations for students to receive instruction on the effects of tobacco to be taught at the elementary, middle, and high school levels.  Standard  of Education Rule Chapter 132 (2007) requires instruction in tobacco education Pre K-12.

Drugs: Education Rule Chapter 127 includes in its standards and expectations for students to receive instruction on the effects of drugs to be taught at the elementary, middle, and high school levels. Statute Title 20-A 4723 further states that the secondary course of study shall include instruction on the effects of alcoholic drinks, stimulants and narcotics upon the human system.  Standard 1 of Education Rule Chapter 132 (2007) requires instruction in drug use education Pre K-12.


Michigan

Last Updated: 5/21/2008

Alcohol: The State Board of Education recommends in its Policy on Comprehensive Health Education (2004) that students receive instruction on alcohol use with emphasis on its short-term and long-term consequences. The Michigan Model for Health® includes alcohol use prevention lessons.

Tobacco: MCL 388.383 (1970) authorizes the state department of education to create a critical health problems education program that includes instruction on the use and effects of tobacco. These programs include guidelines to help local school districts create comprehensive health education programs, as well as special in-service programs for health education teachers.

The State Board of Education also recommends in its Policy on Comprehensive Health Education that students receive instruction on tobacco use with emphasis on its short-term and long-term consequences. The Michigan Model for Health® includes tobacco use prevention lessons.

Drugs: The State Board of Education also recommends in its Policy on Comprehensive Health Education that students receive instruction on drug use with emphasis on its short-term and long-term consequences. The Michigan Model for Health® includes drug use prevention lessons.


Minnesota

Last Updated: 5/16/2013

Alcohol: Not specifically required.

Tobacco: Not specifically required.

Drugs: Not specifically required.


Missouri

Last Updated: 5/21/2008

Alcohol: Missouri's school accreditation standards (2001) require that students at the elementary, middle, and high school levels are to receive instruction in comprehensive health including alcohol use prevention education. The topic is also featured in Missouri's Framework for Curriculum Development in Health Education and Physical Education (Healthy, Active Living K-12) (2003).

Tobacco: Missouri's school accreditation standards require that students at the elementary, middle, and high school levels are to receive instruction in comprehensive health including tobacco use prevention education. The topic is also featured in Missouri's Framework for Curriculum Development in Health Education and Physical Education (Healthy, Active Living K-12) (2003).

Drugs: Missouri's school accreditation standards require that students at the elementary, middle, and high school levels are to receive instruction in comprehensive health including drug use prevention education. The topic is also featured in Missouri's Framework for Curriculum Development in Health Education and Physical Education (Healthy, Active Living K-12) (2003).


Mississippi

Last Updated: 5/21/2008

Alcohol: Code 41-79-5 (2000) requires school nurse intervention services to include alcohol abuse education. The Comprehensive Health Framework (2006) addresses alcohol abuse prevention in its curriculum in grades K-12.

Tobacco: Code 37-13-134 (2007) requires each school wellness plan to promote abstinence from the use of tobacco and illegal drugs through programs that incorporate healthy lifestyle choices into core subject areas."  Code 41-79-5 requires school nurse intervention services to include tobacco abuse education. In grades K-8, the Comprehensive Health Framework specifically addresses tobacco use prevention education and in grades 9-12, the curriculum targets preventive health practices and promotes positive health behavior.

Drugs: Code 37-13-134 (2007) requires each school wellness plan to promote abstinence from the use of tobacco and illegal drugs through programs that incorporate healthy lifestyle choices into core subject areas."  Code 41-79-5 requires school nurse intervention services to include drug abuse education. The Comprehensive Health Framework specifically addresses drug abuse prevention in its grades K-12 curriculum.


Montana

Last Updated: 9/16/2010

Alcohol: The Health Enhancement K-12 Content and Performance Standards (1999) for grade levels 4, 8 and 12 requires "comprehensive health" to include components of alcohol prevention. The state does not require schools to follow a specific curriculum.

Tobacco: The Health Enhancement K-12 Content and Performance Standards for grade levels 4, 8 and 12 requires "comprehensive health" to include components of tobacco use prevention. The state does not require schools to follow a specific curriculum.

Drugs: The Health Enhancement K-12 Content and Performance Standards for grade levels 4, 8 and 12 requires "comprehensive health" to include components of drug prevention. The state does not require schools to follow a specific curriculum.

MCA 44-2-702 (1991) creates the Montana drug abuse resistance education program, funded by the drug abuse resistance education trust fund account per MCA 44-2-701 (1991), which funds "services and activities operated by nonprofit, private, community-based educational and service organizations, units of local government, or school districts if those services and activities relate solely to the development, enhancement, and expansion of drug abuse resistance education in Montana".


North Carolina

Last Updated: 5/21/2008

Alcohol: Statute 115C-81 (2003) requires a comprehensive education program that includes alcohol and drug use prevention education must be available to every child in North Carolina schools in kindergarten through high school.  The Healthful Living Standard Course of Study (2006), which includes instruction on alcohol use prevention education at the elementary, middle, and high school levels, outlines the content that districts are required to follow.

Tobacco: Statute 115C-81 requires districts to develop and teach students according to North Carolina's Healthful Living Standard Course of Study (2006), which includes instruction on tobacco use prevention education at the elementary, middle, and high school levels.

Drugs: Statute 115C-81 requires districts to develop and teach students according to North Carolina's Healthful Living Standard Course of Study (2006), which includes instruction on drug use prevention education at the elementary, middle, and high school levels. The statute itself also requires a comprehensive drug and alcohol education program be implemented for grades K-12.


North Dakota

Last Updated: 12/27/2011

Alcohol: Code 15.1-21-01 (no date available) requires students to receive instruction on the nature and effects of alcohol; however, grade levels and amounts of instruction are not specified.

Tobacco: Code 15.1-21-01 requires students to receive instruction on the nature and effects of tobacco; however, grade levels and amounts of instruction are not specified.

Drugs: Code 15.1-21-01 requires students to receive instruction on the nature and effects of narcotics; however, grade levels and amounts of instruction are not specified.


Nebraska

Last Updated: 11/30/2011

The State Board of Education has issued a Resolution on Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs - Prevention and Intervention (2006) that encourages school districts to review, update and/or create comprehensive policies that address critical areas of ensuring a safe and drug-free learning environment, skill-based drug and alcohol education, a system of early identification and referral for students in need, and transition support from elementary to middle and high school.

Alcohol: Statute 79-712 (no date available) requires local schools to place emphasis on the effects of alcohol use as part of its comprehensive health education program. 

Tobacco: Statute 79-712 requires local schools to place emphasis on the effects of tobacco use as part of its comprehensive health education program.

Drugs: Statute 79-712 requires local schools to place emphasis on the effects of marijuana, hallucinogenics, amphetamines, barbiturates, and narcotics use as part of its comprehensive health education program.


New Hampshire

Last Updated: 12/22/2011

Alcohol: The Health Education Curriculum Guidelines (2003) recommend students in grades K-12 receive instruction in alcohol use prevention education.

Tobacco: The Health Education Curriculum Guidelines recommend students in grades K-12 receive instruction in tobacco use prevention education.

Drugs: The Health Education Curriculum Guidelines recommend students in grades K-12 receive instruction in drug use prevention education.


New Jersey

Last Updated: 1/13/2013

N.J.S.A. 18A:40A-17(a) and State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-3.1(a)6, require school districts to establish educational programs on alcohol, tobacco and other drug abuse for parents of enrolled students that are offered at times and places convenient to the parents.

Alcohol: State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-3.1 (2007) requires each district board of education to establish a comprehensive program of alcohol prevention, intervention, referral for evaluation, referral for treatment and continuity of care. N.J.S.A. 18A:40A-1 (1989) requires students to receive instruction on the nature of drugs, alcohol, anabolic steroids, tobacco and controlled dangerous substances and their physiological, psychological, sociological, and legal effects in each public school, grades K-12 in an age appropriate manner as part of a comprehensive alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use prevention program. The topic is addressed in detail in Standard 2.3 of the Content Standards for Comprehensive Health Education and Physical (2009).

Tobacco: State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-3.1 (2007) requires each district board of education to establish a comprehensive program of tobacco prevention, intervention, referral for evaluation, referral for treatment and continuity of care. N.J.S.A. 18A:40A-1 requires students to receive instruction on the nature of tobacco and its physiological, psychological, sociological, and legal effects in each public school, grades K-12 in an age appropriate manner as part of a comprehensive alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use prevention program. The topic is addressed in detail in Standard 2.3 of the Content Standards for Comprehensive Health Education and Physical (2009).

Drugs: State Board of Education Administrative Code N.J.A.C. 6A:16-3.1 (2007) requires each district board of education to establish a comprehensive program of drug prevention, intervention, referral for evaluation, referral for treatment and continuity of care. N.J.S.A. 18A:40A-1 requires students to receive instruction on the nature of drugs, anabolic steroids and controlled dangerous substances and their physiological, psychological, sociological, and legal effects in each public school, grades K-12 in an age appropriate manner as part of a comprehensive alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use prevention program. The topic is addressed in detail in Standard 2.3 of the Content Standards for Comprehensive Health Education and Physical (2009). Executive Order 72 (2005) directs the Department of Education to incorporate steroid education into drug education programs currently being used in schools at the fifth, seventh and eighth grade levels.


New Mexico

Last Updated: 12/27/2011

Alcohol:  6.29.6 NMAC requires each school district and charter school to adopt wellness policies that address student and school employee wellness through a coordinated school health approach which shall include a planned, sequential K-12 Health Education curriculum that addresses the physical, mental, emotional and social dimensions of health that is aligned with the NMPED Health Education Standards (1997, revised 2006) with benchmarks and performance standards as set forth in 6.29.6 NMAC (2009), which includes alcohol  use education. 

Tobacco:  6.29.6 NMAC requires each school district and charter school to adopt wellness policies that address student and school employee wellness through a coordinated school health approach which shall include a planned, sequential K-12 Health Education curriculum that addresses the physical, mental, emotional and social dimensions of health that is aligned with the NMPED Health Education Standards (1997, revised 2006) with benchmarks and performance standards as set forth in 6.29.6 NMAC (2009), which includes tobacco use education. 

Drugs:  6.29.6 NMAC requires each school district and charter school to adopt wellness policies that address student and school employee wellness through a coordinated school health approach which shall include a planned, sequential K-12 Health Education curriculum that addresses the physical, mental, emotional and social dimensions of health that is aligned with the NMPED Health Education Standards (1997, revised 2006) with benchmarks and performance standards as set forth in 6.29.6 NMAC (2009), which includes drug use education. 


Nevada

Last Updated: 9/9/2009

Alcohol: State Board of Education Administrative Code 389.281, 389.2944, 389.281, and 389.455 (2000) detail student performance standards in health education that include alcohol use prevention for grades 3, 5, 8, and high school.

Tobacco: State Board of Education Administrative Code  389.281, 389.2944, 389.281, and 389.455 (2000) detail student performance standards in health education that include tobacco use prevention for grades 3, 5, 8, and high school.

Drugs: State Board of Education Administrative Code  389.281, 389.2944, 389.281, and 389.455 detail student performance standards in health education that include drug use prevention for grades 3, 5, 8, and high school.


New York

Last Updated: 5/21/2008

Alcohol: Commissioner's Regulation 135.1 (2004) requires students to receive instruction in alcohol.

Tobacco: Commissioner's Regulation 135.1 (2004) requires students to receive instruction in tobacco.

Drugs: Commissioner's Regulation 135.1 (2004) requires students to receive instruction in drugs.


Ohio

Last Updated: 5/21/2008

Alcohol: As part of the health education requirements under ORC 3313.60 (2001) students must receive instruction in the harmful effects of and legal restrictions against the use of alcoholic beverages." The State Board of Education's School Substance Abuse and Violence Prevention Policy (2006) mandates the Department of Education to build capacity for school districts to create safe and caring learning environments that prevent students from engaging in alcohol and other drug use, as well as violence, and other self-destructive behaviors that may lead to suicide. The policy also strongly" encourages districts to adopt policies to prevent violence, alcohol, tobacco, and other illegal drug use.

Tobacco: The State Board of Education's  School Substance Abuse and Violence Prevention Policy (2006) mandates the Department of Education to build capacity for school districts to create safe and caring learning environments that prevent students from engaging in alcohol and other drug use, as well as violence, and other self-destructive behaviors that may lead to suicide. The policy also strongly" encourages districts to adopt policies to prevent violence, alcohol, tobacco, and other illegal drug use.

Drugs: As part of the health education requirements under ORC 3313.60 (2001), students must receive instruction in the harmful effects of and legal restrictions against the use of drugs of abuse." The State Board of Education's  School Substance Abuse and Violence Prevention Policy (2006) mandates the Department of Education to build capacity for school districts to create safe and caring learning environments that prevent students from engaging in alcohol and other drug use, as well as violence, and other self-destructive behaviors that may lead to suicide. The policy also strongly" encourages districts to adopt policies to prevent violence, alcohol, tobacco, and other illegal drug use.


Oklahoma

Last Updated: 2/18/2013

Alcohol: ThePASS Integrated Curriculum: Health, Safety and Physical Education (2002) recommends students are taught the risks and effects of alcohol use on the body in the standards in grades 1-8. It is also recommended students learn refusal and resistance skills in grades 1-4 and 9-12.

Tobacco: The PASS Integrated Curriculum: Health, Safety and Physical Education recommends students are taught the risks and effects of tobacco use on the body in the standards in grades 1-8. It is also recommended students learn refusal and resistance skills in grades 1-4 and 9-12.

Drugs: The PASS Integrated Curriculum: Health, Safety and Physical Education recommends students are taught the risks and effects of drug use, including steroids, on the body in the standards in grades 1-12. It is also recommended students learn refusal and resistance skills in grades 1-4 and 9-12.


Oregon

Last Updated: 11/9/2010

Alcohol: OAR 581-022-0413 (1989) requires each school district to develop a plan for a drug and alcohol prevention program. OAR 581-022-1210 (2005) requires district curriculum to include instruction in alcohol. The Health Education Standards (2005) recommend students in grades K-12 acquire the knowledge and skills to understand the physical, social, and emotional effects of alcohol and their use.

Tobacco: OAR 581-022-0413 requires each school district to develop a plan for a drug and alcohol prevention program that includes information about the harmful and illegal effects of tobacco use. The Health Education Standards (2005) recommend students in grades K-12 acquire the knowledge and skills to understand the physical, social, and emotional effects of tobacco and their use.

School districts also have the opportunity to receive grant awards from the state to implement tobacco prevention and education programs by complying with the requirements outlined in OAR 333-010-0340 (1997).

Drugs: OAR 581-022-0413 requires each school district to develop a plan for a drug and alcohol prevention program. OAR 581-022-1210 requires district curriculum to include instruction in drugs. The Health Education Standards (2005) recommend students in grades K-12 acquire the knowledge and skills to understand the physical, social, and emotional effects of drugs and their use. ORS 342.726 (2007) requires the Department of Education to develop and implement a program for K-12 of education to prevent the use of anabolic steroids and performance-enhancing substances. It also requires school districts to include information on anabolic steroids and performance-enhancing substances, including prevention strategies, strength-building alternatives and the understanding of health food labels, in health and physical education curricula.

OAR 581-022-0416  (2008) requires school districts to use evidence-based programs for the reduction in anabolic steroid and performance-enhancing substance abuse by high school athletes. 

 


Pennsylvania

Last Updated: 9/28/2010

Alcohol: 24 P.S. 15-1547 (2002) requires each public school student to receive instruction in alcohol use every year in every grade from K-12. Instruction must be age appropriate, sequential, discourage use of tobacco, and should be integrated into health or other appropriate courses and not an independent course of study. 022 PA Code 4.21, 022 PA Code 4.22, and 022 PA Code 4.23 (1999) require students to receive instruction on alcohol abuse prevention in the elementary, middle, and high school grades.

Tobacco: 24 P.S. 15-1547 requires each public school student to receive instruction in tobacco use every year in every grade from K-12. Instruction must be age appropriate, sequential, discourage use of tobacco, and should be integrated into health or other appropriate courses and not an independent course of study. 022 PA Code 4.21, 022 PA Code 4.22, and 022 PA Code 4.23 require students to receive instruction on tobacco abuse prevention in the elementary, middle, and high school grades.

Drugs: 24 P.S. 15-1547 requires each public school student to receive instruction in drug use every year in every grade from K-12. Instruction must be age appropriate, sequential, discourage use of tobacco, and should be integrated into health or other appropriate courses and not an independent course of study. 022 PA Code 4.21, 022 PA Code 4.22, and 022 PA Code 4.23 require students to receive instruction on chemical abuse prevention in the elementary, middle, and high school grades.


Rhode Island

Last Updated: 1/29/2013

Alcohol: Statute 16-22-12 (1976) requires health education for grades 1-12 to include the effects of alcohol abuse upon the human system. Statute 16-22-3 (1956) requires instruction in "physiology and hygiene," with special reference to the effects of alcoholic liquors, stimulants and other narcotics upon the system. Statute 16-1-5 (1956) requires the Commissioner of Education to establish health education, alcohol and substance abuse programs for students in grades K-12. The program must include a mandated health education, alcohol and substance abuse curriculum for grades K-12. The Rules and Regulations for School Health  (2009) requires health instructional outcomes to include the causes, effects, treatment, and prevention of alcohol use. Rhode Island'sComprehensive Health Instructional Outcomes provides the framework for education on alcohol.

Tobacco: The Rules and Regulations for School Health  (2009) requires health instructional outcomes to include the causes, effects, treatment, and prevention of tobacco use. Rhode Island'sComprehensive Health Instructional Outcomes provides the framework for education on tobacco.

Drugs: Statute 16-22-12 (1976) requires health education for grades 1-12 to include the effects of drug abuse upon the human system. Statute 16-22-3 (1956) requires instruction in "physiology and hygiene," with special reference to the effects of alcoholic liquors, stimulants and other narcotics upon the system. Statute 16-1-5 (1956) requires the Commissioner of Education to establish health education, alcohol and substance abuse programs for students in grades K-12. The program must include a mandated health education, alcohol and substance abuse curriculum for grades K-12. The Rules and Regulations for School Health (2009) requires health instructional outcomes to include the causes, effects, treatment, and prevention of drug use. Rhode Island'sComprehensive Health Instructional Outcomes provides the framework for education on drugs.

Statute 35-4-18 (1986) creates a health education, alcohol, and substance abuse prevention program" for the purpose of establishing continuous health education programs dealing primarily in areas of alcohol and substance abuse for students in grades kindergarten through twelfth, administered by the Department of Mental Health, Retardation, and Hospitals and the Department of Education.


South Carolina

Last Updated: 4/8/2012

Alcohol: The Comprehensive Health Education Act Code 59-32-30 and State Board of Education Regulation R 43-238 (1992) requires students in grades K-9 receive instruction on substance use and abuse. Content Area 6 of the Health and Safety Standards (2000) also includes alcohol use and prevention strategies for grades K-12.

Tobacco: The Comprehensive Health Education Act Code 59-32-30 and State Board of Education Regulation R 43-238 requires students in grades K-9 receive instruction on substance use and abuse. Content Area 6 of the Health and Safety Standards also includes tobacco use and prevention strategies for grades K-12.

Drugs: The Comprehensive Health Education Act Code 59-32-30 and State Board of Education Regulation R 43-238 requires students in grades K-9 receive instruction on substance use and abuse. Content Area 6 of the Health and Safety Standards also includes drug use and prevention strategies for grades K-12.


South Dakota

Last Updated: 1/8/2013

Statute 13-33-6.1 (1997) requires abstinence education as part of character education in all schools, unless the governing body elects, by resolution, effective for not less than one or more than four school terms, to do otherwise. Specific grades or details are not provided.

Curriculum Content:   The state does not require students to receive instruction on HIV,STD and Pregnancy Prevention Education. However, the South Dakota Health Education Standards (2010) broadly and collectively articulate what students should know and be able to do to adopt or maintain health-enhancing behaviors. Knowledge of core health concepts and underlying principles of health promotion and disease prevention are included in Standard 1. Standards 2 through 8 identify key processes and skills that are applicable to healthy living. Each of the 8 health education standards include performance indicators that are specific to what students should know or be able to do in support of each standard by the conclusion of each of the four grade spans. (Pre-K-Grade 2, Grade 3-5, Grades 6-8 and Grade 9-12.) 

There are nine health education content areas which are organized around a combination of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Adolescent Risk Behaviors and traditional health education content areas. The content areas include: Alcohol and Other Drugs, Injury Prevention, Nutrition, Physical Activity, Family Life and Sexuality, Tobacco, Mental Health, Personal and Consumer Health and Community and Environmental Health.


Tennessee

Last Updated: 2/5/2012

Alcohol: The Health Education Standards Grades: pre K – 8 (2008) and Lifetime Wellness: Grades: 9 – 12 (2007) curriculum standards require substance use and abuse education. 

Tobacco: Health Education Standards Grades: pre K – 8 (2008) and Lifetime Wellness: Grades: 9 – 12 (2007) curriculum standards address substance use and abuse.  Standards and Guidelines for Tennessee’s Coordinated School Health Program 4.204 (2000) states that districts seeking funding for establishing a Comprehensive Health Education program must develop and maintain efforts in focusing on tobacco use and cessation in its comprehensive K-12 health education.   

Drugs:  The Health Education Standards Grades: pre K – 8 (2008) and Lifetime Wellness: Grades: 9 – 12 (2007) curriculum standards require substance use and abuse education.


Texas

Last Updated: 7/23/2009

Alcohol: Code 28.002 (2009) requires the State Board of Education to adopt Texas Essential  Knowledge and Skills for addressing the dangers, causes, consequences, signs, symptoms, and treatment of binge drinking and alcohol poisoning. The code requires the Texas Education Agency to compile a list of evidence-based alcohol awareness programs from which a school district must choose for use in the district's middle school, junior high, and high school health curriculum.Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Health Education (1997) recommends alcohol use prevention education is taught in grades K-12.

 

Tobacco: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Health Education recommends tobacco use prevention education is taught in grades K-12.
 
Drugs: Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Health Education recommends drug use prevention education is taught in grades K-12.

Utah

Last Updated: 9/4/2008

Alcohol: Code 53A-13-102 (2002) requires students in each grade levels to receive instruction on the harmful effects of alcohol use.

Tobacco: Code 53A-13-102 requires students in each grade levels to receive instruction on the harmful effects of tobacco use.

Drugs: Code 53A-13-102 requires students in each grade levels to receive instruction on the harmful effects of controlled substance use.


Virginia

Last Updated: 11/15/2010

Alcohol: 8VAC20-320-10 and  8VAC20-310-10 (1980) require elementary and secondary schools provide instruction related to alcohol as part of a comprehensive health education program. Alcohol use prevention is included throughout the Health Education Standards of Learning (2008).

Tobacco: 8VAC20-320-10 requires elementary and secondary schools to provide instruction related to smoking and health as part of a comprehensive health education program. Tobacco use prevention is included throughout the Health Education Standards of Learning (2008).

Drugs: 8VAC20-320-10 and 8VAC20-310-10 require elementary and secondary schools provide instruction related to drug abuse as part of a comprehensive health education program. Drug abuse prevention is included throughout the Health Education Standards of Learning (2008).

Vermont

Last Updated: 5/28/2008

Alcohol: 16 VSA 906 (1990) requires schools to provide comprehensive health education, including the" effects of alcoholic drinks on the human system and on society." 16 VSA 909 (1997) requires the department of education to develop a sequential alcohol and drug abuse curriculum.

Tobacco: 16 VSA 906 (1990) requires schools to provide comprehensive health education, including the" effects of tobacco on the human system and on society." 16 VSA 906 (1990) requires the department of education to develop a sequential alcohol and drug abuse curriculum that includes teaching about the effects and legal consequences of tobacco use and possession.

Drugs: 16 VSA 906 (1990) requires schools to provide comprehensive health education, including the" effects of drugs on the human system and on society." 16 VSA 906 (1990) requires the department of education to develop a sequential alcohol and drug abuse curriculum.


Washington

Last Updated: 3/6/2012

Alcohol: The Health and Fitness Essential Academic Learning Requirements (2002) mandate that students in grades K-12 learn the physical, emotional, and legal consequences of using alcohol and resistance skills.

Tobacco: The Health and Fitness Essential Academic Learning Requirements (2002) mandate that students in grades K-12 learn the physical, emotional, and legal consequences of using nicotine and resistance skills.

Drugs: The Health and Fitness Essential Academic Learning Requirements (2002) mandate that students in grades K-12 learn the physical, emotional, and legal consequences of using drugs and resistance skills.


Wisconsin

Last Updated: 12/13/2012

Alcohol: Statute 118.01 (1997) requires schools to provide instruction in personal development, which includes the relationship between suicide, highway safety, and alcohol use.Wisconsin's Model Academic Standards for Health Education (2011) does not specifically mention alcohol use prevention.

Tobacco: Wisconsin's Model Academic Standards for Health Education (2011) does not specifically mention tobacco use prevention.

Drugs: Statute 118.01 (1997) requires schools to provide instruction in personal development, which includes the relationship between suicide, highway safety, and controlled substance use. Wisconsin's Model Academic Standards for Health Education (2011) does not specifically mention drug use prevention.


West Virginia

Last Updated: 3/18/2012

Alcohol: Board Policy 2422.5 (2008) requires students to receive instruction on alcohol and potential health hazards from alcohol-use in grades K-12. Alcohol use prevention education is thoroughly integrated within the suggested curriculum framework of Board Policy 2520.5 (2012). Code 18-2-7b (1995) requires health education to include resistance and life skills to counteract societal and peer pressure to use alcohol.

Tobacco: Board Policy 2422.5 (2008) requires students to receive instruction on tobacco and potential health hazards from tobacco-use in grades K-12. Tobacco use prevention education is thoroughly integrated within the suggested curriculum framework of Board Policy 2520.5 (2012). Code 18-2-7b (1995) requires health education to include resistance and life skills to counteract societal and peer pressure to use tobacco.

Drugs: Board Policy 2422.5 (2008) requires students to receive instruction on drugs and potential health hazards from drug abuse in grades K-12. Drug abuse prevention education is thoroughly integrated within the suggested curriculum framework of Board Policy 2520.5 (2012). Code 18-2-7b requires health education to include resistance and life skills to counteract societal and peer pressure to use drugs.


Wyoming

Last Updated: 3/22/2012

Alcohol: Wyoming does not require students to receive instruction on alcohol use prevention education. However, instruction on alcohol use is mandated in Content Standard 1 of the Wyoming Health Content and Performance Standards (2008) for all elementary, middle, and high school grades. The HIV/AIDS Model Policy for Wyoming Public Schools (1998) also recommends stressing abstinence from alcohol as part of HIV prevention education.

Tobacco: Content Standard 1 of the Wyoming Health Content and Performance Standards (2008) mandates instruction on tobacco use for all elementary, middle, and high school grades.

Drugs: Wyoming does not require students to receive instruction on drug use prevention education. However, instruction on drug use is mandated in Content Standard 1 of the Wyoming Health Content and Performance Standards (2008) for all elementary, middle, and high school grades. The HIV/AIDS Model Policy for Wyoming Public Schools also recommends stressing abstinence from drugs as part of HIV prevention education.


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